How you organize the information in your resumé depends on the type of resumé you’ve decided to use and the strengths you’ve decided to emphasize.
1. Decide what type of resumé best meets your needs
The type of resumé you decide to use depends on your work history and the kind of work you’>re applying for. Use the type of resumé that highlights your most impressive and relevant qualifications.
- A chronological resumé may be best if the job you’re applying for is similar to the one you have now. It emphasizes your relevant experience.
- A functional or combination resumé may be best if you are planning to change careers. These types of resumés emphasize your skills.
- Because it emphasizes skills, a functional resumé may be best if there are gaps in your employment history.
2. Lead with your strengths and minimize your weaknesses
In a resumé, it’s important lead with your strengths. This means putting your strongest qualifications for the job near the top, where employers will read them first. This is easiest when writing a combination or a functional resumé.
To determine which strengths to highlight in your resumé:
- identify the employer’s requirements for the specific job
- find the skills on your resumé master worksheet (PDF) that match the employer’s requirements
How you organize your resumé can minimize any gaps in your skills, education or experience. For example, perhaps you are qualified for a position, but you don’t have the degree or diploma the employer is asking for. Review this information sheet (PDF) for advice on how you can organize your resumé to minimize such weaknesses.
3. Use headings to highlight your strengths
Start your resumé by writing an outline. Choose headings that will highlight your strengths. Make sure your headings match the requirements of the job you’re applying for.
Review these resumé outlines and take note of how the headings emphasize the candidate’s qualifications and strengths: