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Occupational Profile
Apprenticeship

Concrete Finisher

Concrete finishers place and finish concrete floors, driveways, sidewalks, curbs, bridge decks and other concrete structures.

  • Avg. Salary $65,527.00
  • Avg. Wage $29.75
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship
  • Outlook Down
  • Employed 2,500
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Cement Finisher, Construction Tradesperson, Mason

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

84%
84%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
NOC & Interest Codes
The Concrete Finisher is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Concrete Finishers
NOC code: 7282
OBJECTIVE

Interest in operating hand tools, power tools and power vibrators to compact concrete

METHODICAL

Interest in copying information to fill hollows and remove high spots to smooth freshly poured concrete; and in applying hardening and sealing compounds to cure concrete surfaces

innovative

Interest in repairing, resurfacing and replacing worn and damaged sections of floors, walls, roads and other concrete structures

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation. 

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Dec 19, 2016

In general, concrete finishers:

  • place wet concrete into forms and spread it to a specified depth
  • level and smooth the surface of the concrete, round the edges and make joints or grooves to help control cracking on the surface 
  • apply architectural, exposed, patterned, stamped, broomed or smooth finishes
  • use dry pack grouting and epoxy materials as needed and ensure concrete cures perfectly
  • repair, waterproof and restore concrete surfaces.

Although machines are used to trowel large areas such as warehouses and arena floors, hand trowelling is still required for hard to reach spots in corners, edges, and around pipes. The surface may be:

  • trowelled to a smooth finish
  • brushed to create a coarse, nonskid finish
  • embedded with gravel chips for an exposed aggregate finish
  • patterned or stamped to apply decorative surface
  • trowelled with a dye to create a coloured surface.
Working Conditions
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Concrete finishers work both outdoors and indoors at tasks that are fast paced and strenuous. Travel may be required to get to construction sites.

Outdoor work can be affected by adverse weather conditions. There is less work available in the winter and summer hours often are longer than the standard 40 hour week. Overtime is sometimes required because concrete finishers cannot leave a project in the middle and return to it the next day.

There is some risk of injury from working on uneven footing and from other construction site hazards. The work involves considerable bending, stooping and kneeling, and may involve moving items that weigh over 25 kilograms.

  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Concrete finishers need the following characteristics:

  • the physical strength and stamina required to shovel and move wet concrete
  • the ability to get along well with other workers.

They should take pride in seeing the results of their work, and enjoy physical exercise and working with their hands.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

To work in Alberta, a concrete finisher must be ONE of the following:

  • a registered apprentice
  • an Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate  
  • someone who works for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of certified journeyperson
  • self-employed.

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must:

  • have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 10-2 and Math 10-3, or equivalent, or a pass mark in all 5 GED tests, or pass an entrance exam.
  • find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice. Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates.      

The term of apprenticeship is three years (three 12 month periods) that include a minimum of:

  • 1,200 hours of on-the-job training and four weeks of technical training in the each of the first two years
  • 1,200 hours of on-the-job training in the third year.

High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for credit or certification.

Concrete finisher apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Technical training is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training and is currently offered by the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) in Calgary.

For more information, visit the Technical Training Centre on the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

This is an Apprenticeship trade. For full details, see the related certification profile

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Below-average occupational growth is expected in Alberta for 2016 to 2020. Job openings are a result of employment turnover and newly created positions.

Most concrete finishers are employed by general contractors involved in building highways, bridges and large buildings, and by contractors who do only concrete work. A few concrete finishers are self-employed, contracting their services for smaller projects such as patios, sidewalks and driveways. Employment prospects for concrete finishers vary with the seasons and with economic conditions.

Experienced concrete finishers may specialize in a particular type of work, advance to supervisory positions or become contract estimators. Alberta certified journeyperson concrete finishers who have the supervisory or management skills required by industry may apply for an Achievement in Business Competencies Blue Seal by contacting Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

In Alberta, 95% of people employed as concrete finishers work in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Over 2,500 Albertans are employed in the Other elemental service occupations occupational group. This group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0.1% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 3 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. 

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Journeyperson wage rates vary but generally range from $20 to $35 an hour plus benefits (2014 estimates). Apprentice concrete finishers are paid at least 65% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 75% in the second and 85% in the third.

Concrete finishers
NOC code: 7282

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $18.00 $28.25 $25.22 $27.54
Overall $24.00 $33.00 $29.75 $30.25
Top $28.00 $37.00 $33.71 $35.25

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALBERTA, ALL INDUSTRIES
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

84%
84%

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

46%
46%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

31%
31%

2015 Vacancy Rate

12%
Related High School Subjects
  • Trades, Manufacturing and Transportation
    • Construction
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

BuildForce Canada website: www.buildforce.ca

Calgary Construction Association website: www.cca.cc

 

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 29, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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