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Apprenticeship

Millwright

Millwrights install, maintain, repair and troubleshoot stationary industrial machinery and mechanical equipment in sites such as factories, production plants and recreational facilities.

  • Avg. Salary $82,478.00
  • Avg. Wage $39.49
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed 8,800
  • In Demand Lower
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

54%
54%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
NOC & Interest Codes
The Millwright is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics (Except Textile)
NOC code: 7311
OBJECTIVE

Interest in setting up and assembling machinery and equipment before installation using hand and power tools and welding equipment

INNOVATIVE

Interest in analyzing information to inspect and examine machinery and equipment to detect and investigate irregularities and malfunctions, to adjust machinery and to repair and replace defective parts; and in installing, trouble-shooting and maintaining power transmission, vacuum, hydraulic and pneumatic systems, and programmable logic controls

METHODICAL

Interest in speaking with other workers to direct them in constructing foundations for machinery; and in cleaning, lubricating and performing other routine maintenance work on machinery

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Dec 19, 2016

On a typical job, millwrights:

  • read diagrams and schematic drawings and service manuals to determine work procedures
  • operate rigging equipment and dollies to move heavy machinery and parts
  • fit bearings, align gears and shafts, attach motors, and connect couplings and belts to precise tolerances
  • align and test equipment and make any necessary adjustments
  • perform predictive and operational maintenance using procedures such as vibration analysis, and repair or replace defective parts when necessary
  • service and repair hydraulic, pneumatic and programmable logic controls
  • may do some fabrication and tack welding (to temporarily hold components in place until they can be welded by qualified personnel) as well as maintain an inventory of replacement parts.

Millwrights may do primarily construction work, plant maintenance or a combination of both types of work. They often work in close association with other trades people such as machinists, instrument mechanics, welders, electricians and pipefitters.

Working Conditions
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Working conditions vary from one job to another. On construction job sites, millwrights are exposed to a variety of weather conditions. In plant maintenance, they may work indoors and outdoors. Hours of work also vary: shift work and some overtime may be required.

The work environment may be noisy and there is some risk of injury when working with heavy machinery. Millwrights may be required to lift and move items that weigh over 25 kilograms.

  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Millwrights need the following characteristics:

  • physical strength and stamina
  • good co-ordination and manual dexterity
  • the ability to visualize a layout by looking at plans and blueprints
  • the ability to trouble-shoot mechanical systems
  • the ability to get along with and sometimes supervise the work of others.

They should enjoy variety and doing precision work with machinery and equipment.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

To work in Alberta, a millwright must be ONE of the following:

  • a registered apprentice
  • an Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate  
  • someone who works for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of certified journeyperson
  • self-employed.

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must:

  • have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 20-2, Math 20-3 and Science 10, or equivalent, or pass an entrance exam.
  • find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice. Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates. Courses in applied math and physics are particularly important. 

The term of apprenticeship is 4 years (four 12 month periods) that include a minimum of 1,560 hours of on-the-job training and 8 weeks of technical training each year. High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for credit or certification.

Millwright apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Technical training is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training and is currently offered at:

  • Grande Prairie Regional College
  • Keyano College in Fort McMurray
  • the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton 
  • Red Deer College 
  • the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) in Calgary.

NAIT also offers technical training by distance delivery.

For more information, visit the Technical Training Centre on the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

This is an Apprenticeship trade. For full details, see the related certification profile

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Below-average occupational growth is expected in Alberta for 2016 to 2020. Job openings are a result of employment turnover and newly created positions.

Millwrights are employed by manufacturing, processing and construction companies as well as places such as amusement parks and ski hills. Those employed in construction may experience periods of unemployment.

Millwrights are exposed to the duties involved in a variety of other trades, and therefore can be good candidates for promotion to supervisory and superintendent positions. Alberta certified journeyperson millwrights who have the supervisory or management skills required by industry may apply for an Achievement in Business Competencies Blue Seal by contacting Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Millwrights are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 7311: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (except textile). In Alberta, 75% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Over 10,900 Albertans are employed in the Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (except textile) occupational group. This group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1.3% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 142 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. Note: As millwrights form only a part of this larger occupational group, only some of these newly created positions will be for millwrights. 

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Journeyperson wage rates vary but generally range from $30 to $45 an hour plus benefits (2014 estimates). Apprentice millwrights earn at least 60% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 70% in the second, 80% in the third and 90% in the fourth.

Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
NOC code: 7311

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $19.80 $52.00 $36.05 $36.51
Overall $24.50 $54.00 $39.49 $39.70
Top $26.00 $55.00 $42.21 $42.71

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
Health Care & Social Assistance
ALBERTA, ALL INDUSTRIES
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Manufacturing
Public Administration
Wholesale Trade
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

54%
54%

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

41%
41%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

9%
9%

2015 Vacancy Rate

2%
Related High School Subjects
  • Science
  • Trades, Manufacturing and Transportation
    • Fabrication
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

Calgary Construction Association website: www.cca.cc

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 30, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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