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Landscape Architect

Landscape architects combine artistic and creative perspectives with scientific and engineering knowledge. They create, manage, and conserve environments that are both functional and attractive. They strive to create harmony between natural environments, land features, and architectural structures. Their goal is to improve the quality of life in urban and rural environments.

Also Known As

Designer, Environmental Designer

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Landscape Architects (2152) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Landscape Architects (C052) 
  • 2011 NOC: Landscape architects (2152) 
  • 2016 NOC: Landscape architects (2152) 
  • 2021 NOC: Landscape architects (21201) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Landscape Architects

2006 NOC: 2152

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in synthesizing information to conduct environmental design studies including environmental assessment, planning and the preservation and re-creation of historical sites


Interest in precision working to prepare detailed drawings for sites, site plans, sketches and models for clients' approval, and to participate in multidisciplinary urban design studies


Interest in supervising and overseeing the preparation of detailed drawings, site plans, reports, sketches, models, photographs, maps, land use studies and design plans; may manage and supervise landscape construction work

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Updated Mar 31, 2019

Landscape architects plan and design a wide range of settings. They work on urban, regional, and provincial parks as well as industrial sites and business parks. They may also design:

  • Conservation areas
  • Resorts, playgrounds, marinas, golf courses, or other recreation areas
  • Residential communities
  • Urban redevelopments
  • Private gardens and estates
  • Cemeteries
  • Grounds for hospitals, schools, airports, and other public areas
  • Private health and institutional sites
  • Plazas and commercial areas
  • Rooftop landscapes
  • Interior landscapes for open spaces in plazas, shopping malls, and large buildings
  • Stormwater management facilities
  • Streetscapes and scenic parkways

Landscape architects may take part in programming for park and public projects and tourist developments. Or they may work on sites related to residential, recreational, institutional, projects. They also may:

  • Conduct public consultations
  • Manage specific regional areas, where they may plan forests, parks, and recreational areas
  • Monitor the development of natural agricultural lands
  • Oversee the restoration, reclamation, or conservation of gravel pits, mining areas, landfills, and environmentally sensitive areas
  • Prepare environmental assessments
  • Assess aesthetic and quality-of-life parameters
  • Provide landscape inventory as well as analysis processes and programs

Landscape architects incorporate elements from the building industry and the surrounding natural environment into their designs. A successful project contributes to the beauty of the environment and preserves the natural ecology of an area. It reduces the environmental impact of urban, industrial, recreational, and other developments.

Landscape architects often work as part of a team with:

  • Architects
  • Urban planners
  • Consulting engineers
  • Building contractors
  • Scientists, particularly when conservation or reclamation is involved

In general, they:

  • Co-ordinate the work of project teams
  • Meet with clients and the public to determine needs, preferences, development feasibility, and financial resources available for projects
  • Observe and map drainage patterns, the grade and direction of land slopes, soil structure and stability, and existing structures, vegetation, and landforms
  • Develop site plans that address social, cultural, economic, environmental, and artistic concerns
  • Prepare physical form drawings, reports, and cost estimates and present them to clients for review and approval
  • Develop final detailed plans and materials lists
  • Prepare contract documents and review tenders
  • Inspect construction of the design

Landscape architects usually work on several projects at once. Each will be at a different stage of development and require a different level of involvement.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Landscape architects often work in comfortable office surroundings. However, their routine may also include walking and hiking on work sites to assess or inspect construction. Travel, long hours, and deadline pressure are part of the job.

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Landscape architects need:

  • Imagination and creativity
  • An interest in art, design, construction, landscapes, and the intrinsic qualities of built and natural environments
  • Some ability in the visual arts
  • Awareness of and sensitivity to people’s needs, particularly in urban areas
  • The ability to work independently and on a team

They should enjoy synthesizing information and finding innovative solutions to problems. They should be at ease working with others on precision tasks. They should be comfortable supervising the work of others.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary

The minimum education for becoming a landscape architect in Alberta is a bachelor’s or master’s degree from an accredited institution. Admission to a master’s program requires a bachelor’s degree with above-average grades. Those who want to run their own businesses also need business skills.

A list of accredited institutions offering landscape architect degrees can be found on the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects (CSLA) website.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Landscape Architect

Landscape architects combine artistic and creative perspectives with scientific and engineering knowledge to create, manage and conserve environments that are both functional and attractive. Their goal is to create harmony between natural environments, land features and architectural structures and improve the quality of life in urban and rural environments.


Landscape Architect is a protected title under Alberta's Professional and Occupational Associations Registration Act and Landscape Architects Regulation. This means that to call yourself a Landscape Architect, you must be a registered member of the Alberta Association of Landscape Architects (AALA). You do not have to be registered if you do not use the title Landscape Architect.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Landscape Architect.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Landscape architects work for:

  • Planning, engineering, and architectural firms
  • Large real estate developers or building contractors
  • Federal, provincial, and municipal government departments for urban planning, parks and recreation, transportation, tourism, environment, and public works

Many newly qualified landscape architects start their careers working for established landscape-architecture consulting firms. They are most often supervised by registered landscape architects. With several years behind them and registration with the AALA, many start their own businesses or move into management positions.

In Alberta, 81% of people employed as landscape architects work in the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (pdf) industry.

The employment outlook (pdf) in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services industry)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • Size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

In Alberta, the 2152: Landscape architects occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 0 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2019-2023 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2019

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Landscape architects

2016 NOC: 2152
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 2152 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $23.08 $59.33 $27.18 $23.08
Overall $32.62 $67.29 $37.29 $32.62
Top $50.46 $74.10 $53.67 $50.46

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information


Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering, Architecture and Related Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Alberta Association of Landscape Architects (AALA) website:

BuildForce Canada website:

Canadian Society of Landscape Architects (CSLA) website:


Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2019. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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