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Sign Language Interpreter

Sign language interpreters facilitate communication among deaf, deaf-blind, hard-of-hearing, and hearing people, using English and American Sign Language (ASL) or French and langue des signes quebecoise (LSQ).

  • Avg. Salary $35,127.00
  • Avg. Wage $39.63
  • Minimum Education 2 years post-secondary
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand High
Also Known As

ASL-English Interpreter, Interpreter, Language Specialist, LSQ-French Interpreter

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Interpreters (5125.3) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters (F025) 
  • 2011 NOC: Translators, terminologists and interpreters (5125) 
  • 2016 NOC: Translators, terminologists and interpreters (5125) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Not Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Interest Codes
The Sign Language Interpreter is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).

Interest in listening to speakers or reading from texts in order to interpret statements made during speeches, meetings, conferences, debates and conversation, or in court or before administrative tribunals


Interest in analyzing information when listening to and watching the source language, in processing the content, meaning, context and affect, and in reproducing messages simultaneously, or consecutively


Interest in speaking to facilitate communication between individuals with differing languages

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 31, 2019

The process of interpreting is the same regardless of the languages involved. A message from one language and cultural context must be expressed accurately in another. An interpreter’s goal is to facilitate communication and ensure an effective and accurate interpretation while refraining from counselling, advising, or interjecting personal opinions. A sign language interpreter interprets all spoken and signed utterances.

Prior to appointments, sign language interpreters review relevant background information. Individuals requiring interpretation services provide information about terminology and copies of working documents, meeting handouts, agendas, or minutes. In educational settings, schools must provide texts, handouts, audiovisual materials, and other course materials so interpreters can become familiar with course theory and terminology.

In school settings, sign language interpreters may interpret:

  • For hearing or deaf teachers and with hearing or deaf students in classrooms and labs
  • During parent-teacher interviews
  • At tutorial sessions
  • In other situations, such as when deaf students or deaf parents wish to use support services, participate in extracurricular activities, or attend school meetings
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Sign language interpreters provide interpretation services wherever communication is required. They may work in:

  • Business, legal, medical, or social service offices
  • Schools
  • Religious settings
  • Musical and theatrical performances
  • Conferences and workshops
  • Specialized settings with a deaf professional, such as a deaf doctor or deaf academic
  • Television and media

Depending on the length and complexity of the assignment, interpreters may work in teams. This allows them to facilitate communication, ensure message equivalency, and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries.

Following industry best practices in occupational health and safety, sign language interpreters typically work no longer than 15 to 30 minutes at a time, and no more than 22 hours a week.

Interpreters who work as independent contractors may choose to work irregular hours in addition to the standard minimum assignment callout.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Qualifications differ significantly among sectors, so sign language interpreters need to be flexible in order to meet changing requirements. In general, sign language interpreters need:

  • Discretion
  • Objectivity
  • Flexibility
  • Interpersonal and communication skills
  • Physical stamina

They should enjoy the process of interpreting and facilitating communication.

Hearing is not required. Increasingly, deaf people are training as interpreters.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Sign language interpreters must have excellent spoken English or French skills and be fluent in American Sign Language (ASL) or la langue des signes quebecoise (LSQ). Employers generally prefer to hire interpreters who:

For information about interpreter training programs in Canada, visit the CASLI website.

Admission to an interpreter training program generally requires a high level of skill in American Sign Language. ASL classes are offered through continuing education at high schools and post-secondary schools.

Familiarity with Signing Exact English may be beneficial in working with hard-of-hearing individuals.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Certification is not required, as there is currently no legislation regulating this occupation. However, employers consider certification an asset.

Voluntary certification is available from the Canadian Association of Sign Language Interpreters (CASLI).

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Sign language interpreters may be employed by institutions or interpreter referral agencies. They may also work as independent contractors.

Interpreters in educational settings may work in public or private elementary or secondary schools, post-secondary schools, or schools for the deaf. Interpreters who have business or administrative skills may be hired to co-ordinate interpreting services for agencies, post-secondary and other schools, conventions, or for other short-term assignments.

Sign language interpreters are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 5125: Translators, terminologists and interpreters. In Alberta, 78% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment, especially in the industries listed above
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

In Alberta, the 5125: Translators, terminologists and interpreters occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1.8% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 39 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Incomes and benefits vary depending on the interpreter’s skill level, certification, education, experience, and professional development.

Interpreters may be paid by the hour, half day, or full day. Typically, they charge a 2-hour or half-day minimum and require at least 48 hours’ notice of cancellation.

Sign language interpreters are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 5125: Translators, terminologists and interpreters.

Translators, terminologists and interpreters

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $18.00 $45.00 $38.67 $45.00
Overall $18.45 $45.00 $39.63 $45.00
Top $23.94 $45.00 $40.82 $45.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Humanities and Languages
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Association of Sign Language Interpreters of Alberta (ASLIA) website:

Canadian Association of Sign Language Interpreters (CASLI) website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2019. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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