To land that job, it helps to know the unique opportunities and challenges phone and online interviews offer.
Phone or online interviews are ideal if you live far from a potential employer. Employers also find them useful if they plan to screen candidates before offering in-person interviews.
Phone interviews differ from person-to-person interviews in 2 key ways:
- You can't see or be seen by the interviewer, so you have only your words and the tone of your voice to market yourself and your abilities.
- You can prepare notes, either on paper or on screen, to help you summarize your most relevant skills and achievements. But don’t sound rehearsed.
While a virtual interview can seem more casual than an in-person interview, it can be a key step towards being hired. Prepare for the same focus as you would a face-to-face interview.
Interviews conducted on the screen of your smart phone or computer also offer pros and cons:
- The interviewer can see you, but you have some control over what they see.
- The interviewer can rely on your facial expression for cues. This will help you make a connection more easily than in a telephone interview.
- You may not be able to use prepared notes if you also want to maintain eye contact.
Preparing for a telephone interview
- Follow the 4Ps of all job interviews, even though a phone interview may seem informal.
- Confirm the time of the interview and the telephone number you want the employer to use.
- Plan to have the interview in a quiet room away from distractions and noise. Close the door during the interview. If you will be at home, tell your family not to come in if the door is closed.
- Turn off call waiting on your phone. Make sure the speaker and mic are both working well. Make sure the phone is completely charged.
- Keep your resumé, a list of your achievements, and a pen and paper nearby for notes.
During the interview:
- Give the interviewer your full attention. Don't drink, smoke, or eat.
- Dress as you would for an in-person interview. It will make you feel more confident.
- Smile! It will help you relax and boost your confidence. The interviewer will hear it in your voice.
- Answer questions in short, easy to understand sentences. This will create a livelier, more interesting interchange between you and the employer.
Preparing for an online interview
An interview can be stressful enough without the added worry of technical bugs. Make some choices in advance to ensure things go smoothly:
- Choose the best technology for the job. It can be a computer, or mobile device. Pick one you’re comfortable with and make sure it’s reliable.
- Think about the best location. Choose a room that is clean and uncluttered, preferably with a plain wall as your backdrop. Use soft lighting to prevent glare or shadows.
- Consider what the interviewer will see. They should be able to see you from about the waist up. They should not be able to see anything messy, personal, or unusual. You don’t want to distract them from seeing what an excellent candidate you are for the job.
- Plug in your device or charge it fully.
- Turn off any apps or software that could interrupt the interview.
- Test your equipment with a friend an hour or so before the start time. Know what buttons to push and what the sound levels are.
During a video interview:
- Maintain eye contact. Look directly at the camera instead of at your notes.
- Pause before speaking. A weak connection can cause a minor time delay. Make sure the interviewer is completely finished speaking before you start.