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Mining Engineer

Mining engineers develop and apply methods of locating, extracting and preparing minerals to be used in manufacturing and energy industries.

  • Avg. Salary $116,579.00
  • Avg. Wage $57.60
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary
  • Outlook N/A
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand Lower
Also Known As

Design Engineer, Engineer, Professional Engineer

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Mining Engineers (2143) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Mining Engineers (C043) 
  • 2011 NOC: Mining engineers (2143) 
Interest Codes
The Mining Engineer is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Mining Engineers

Interest in synthesizing information to plan and design or select mining and mineral treatment machinery and equipment, to determine drilling and blasting methods, and to implement and co-ordinate mine safety programs


Interest in precision working to design, develop and implement computer applications for operations, such as mine design, modelling and mapping, and for monitoring mine conditions


Interest in supervising and co-ordinating the work of technicians, technologists, survey personnel and other engineers and scientists, and in planning, organizing and supervising the development of mines, mine structures and mine operations and maintenance

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 11, 2016

In general, mining engineers may:

  • conduct studies of mineral deposits to determine the size of ore deposits and their orientation and mineral content
  • prepare estimates of the costs involved in developing and operating mines
  • select the most suitable means of extracting ore
  • develop plans for the location and construction of mine shafts, tunnels and rooms
  • oversee the construction of mines and the installation of plants and equipment
  • ensure that proper drilling and blasting techniques are used
  • select the most efficient and economical materials handling equipment to transport ore, waste materials and mineral products
  • plan underground and open pit layouts, waste disposal dumps, haulage routes and methods, mine ventilation systems and drainage systems
  • develop computer applications for use in various phases of mine operation
  • co-ordinate the work of technologists, technicians and surveyors
  • oversee the day to day operations of mines (work as pit foreperson)
  • supervise and train mine workers with a special emphasis on safety issues
  • work closely with geoscientists and other engineering disciplines.

Mining engineers generally work in one of three fields:

  • mine development
  • engineering and design
  • mine production and management.

Specialty areas include:

  • mine operations and safety
  • ventilation
  • power and water supply
  • communications
  • equipment maintenance
  • mining venture analysis
  • mine reclamation and environment.
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 11, 2016

Mining engineers work in offices and laboratories, and at mine sites. At mine sites, they must wear protective equipment such as safety boots, gloves, hard hats, glasses and hearing protection. They may work in enclosed spaces (for example, underground mine shafts) or high places (for example, near the edges of open pit mines). Some mining engineers work full time with regular daytime hours, while others may work shifts and may spend multiple weeks at a time traveling to mine sites, such as alternating 3 weeks on site and 3 weeks off site.

Mining engineers must fly in and out to work at mines that are in remote locations.

  • Strength Required Strength requirements vary
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 11, 2016

Mining engineers need the following characteristics:

  • excellent communication and interpersonal skills
  • an aptitude for mathematics and science (especially chemistry and physics)
  • the ability to visualize three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings
  • the ability to be decisive
  • the adaptability required to apply themselves to a variety of work situations.

They should enjoy being innovative, doing work that requires precision, making decisions and supervising others.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 11, 2016

The minimum academic qualification for mining engineers is a bachelor's degree in mining engineering. Doctoral degrees are required for teaching and research positions.

Required Education

The following schools offer programs and courses that meet this occupation’s educational requirements. Other eligible programs and courses may be available.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Grande Prairie Regional College

Grant MacEwan University

University of Alberta

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 11, 2016


Professional Engineers design, construct, evaluate, advise, monitor and report on the performance of materials, equipment, systems, works, processes and structures.


Under Alberta's Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act, you must be a registered member of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) to practice as a professional engineer. You do not have to be registered if you work under the direct supervision of a professional engineer and do not call yourself a professional engineer or use the word engineer in your job title.

What You Need

Registration as a Professional Engineer requires: (1) a 4-year bachelor's degree in a recognized engineering program and at least 4 years of acceptable work experience under the supervision of a Professional Engineer, or an equivalent combination of education and experience, (2) a minimum of 3 acceptable references and (3) successful completion of an approved examination in law, ethics and professionalism. A new Provisional Member category has been introduced. For official, detailed information about registration requirements, visit APEGA's website or contact APEGA.

Working in Alberta

Engineers who are registered and in good standing with a regulatory organization elsewhere in Canada may be eligible for registration in Alberta if registered engineers in the 2 jurisdictions have similar responsibilities and competencies. For more information, see What if I am already certified in another province or territory? and the Alberta regulatory authority (below).

To find more information on the certification process for internationally educated engineers, see Professional Engineer Licensing Process on

Contact Details

Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta
1500 Scotia One, 10060 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta
Canada T5J 4A2
Phone number: 780-426-3990
Toll-free phone number (within North America): 1-800-661-7020
Fax: 780-426-1877

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 11, 2016

Mining engineers usually work where mineral deposits are located which often is near small, isolated communities. Those engaged in research, management, consulting or sales may work in urban areas, although it is recommended that they acquire field experience first. Many Canadian mining engineers are employed in other countries.

Mining engineers are employed by:

  • mining, metal, non-metal, coal and oil sands extraction companies
  • consulting companies
  • engineering contractors
  • provincial or federal governments
  • equipment manufacturers
  • financial institutions.

Experienced mining engineers may advance to management positions or set up their own consulting businesses. In private practice, they may:

  • prepare qualifying reports for a stock exchange as part of the processes involved in financing mineral development projects
  • review mining plans for mining companies
  • design and manage the startup of mining and milling facilities
  • develop strategies for mineral prospecting.

Experienced mining engineers who have graduate degrees may move into teaching and research positions.

In Alberta, 86% of people employed as mining engineers work in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • commodity pricing and demand
  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 11, 2016

Mining engineers' incomes vary considerably.

According to the 2017 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, Albertans in the Mining engineers occupational group earned on average from $41.51 to $86.87 an hour. The overall average was $57.60 an hour. More recent data is not available. For more information, see the Mining engineers wage profile.

Related High School Subjects
  • English Language Arts
  • Mathematics
  • Science
    • Chemistry
    • Physics
  • Natural Resources
    • Environmental Stewardship
    • Primary Resources
  • Trades, Manufacturing and Transportation
    • Electro-Technologies
    • Mechanics
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering and Science Technologies
  • Engineering, Architecture and Related Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 11, 2016

Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) website:

For more information on career planning, education and jobs call the Alberta Supports Contact Centre toll-free at 1-877-644-9992 or 780-644-9992 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 13, 2014. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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