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Emerging Occupations

Nanoengineer

In general, nanoengineers apply the principles of nanoscale physics and electrical, chemical and biological engineering to design and develop materials, devices and systems of unique molecular or macromolecular composition.

This is an emerging occupation. It may have evolved from an existing occupation or emerged in response to consumer needs or technological advances.

  • Avg. Salary $5,429.00
  • Avg. Wage $17.70
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed 39,100
  • In Demand High
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

11%
11%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Duties
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Nanoengineers study and manipulate atoms, molecules, proteins and cells. They use specialized equipment to focus on features that range in size from 1 to 100 nanometres (nm). A nanometre is 1 billionth of a metre (or 0.000000001 m). Nanoengineers can significantly change the physical properties of the materials on which they are working at this size scale.

Nanotechnology has applications across many industries, products and processes. Nanotechnology is used in the production of energy, pharmaceuticals, textiles, cosmetics, foods and automobiles. Due to the wide range of applications, duties vary greatly from 1 industry to another, but in general, nanoengineers:

  • conduct research in a wide range of fields (for example, heat transfer, fluorescence detection, nanoparticle dispersion, hybrid systems, liquid systems, nanocomposites, nanofabrication, optoelectronics, nanolithography)
  • create designs or prototypes for nanosystem applications (for example, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), biomedical diagnostic and delivery or lab-on-a-chip, integrated circuits)
  • design or engineer nanomaterials, nanodevices, nano-enabled products or nanosystems, using three-dimensional computer-aided design (CAD) software
  • co-ordinate or supervise the work of suppliers or vendors in the designing, building or testing of nanosystem devices
  • design or conduct tests of new nanotechnology products, processes or systems
  • engineer production processes for specific nanotechnology applications (for example, nanofabrication)
  • develop processes or identify equipment needed for pilot or commercial nanoscale scale production
  • provide scientific or technical guidance and expertise to scientists, engineers, technologists, technicians or others applying chemical, physical or biological processes to micro and nanoscale systems
  • prepare nanotechnology-related invention disclosures or patent applications
  • prepare reports, deliver presentations or participate in program review activities to communicate engineering results and recommendations.
Working Conditions
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Nanoengineers may work in offices, plants, laboratories or a combination of these settings. Senior nanoengineers may spend more time in an office environment performing managerial functions.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Nanoengineers need the following characteristics:

  • a natural sense of scientific curiosity
  • an aptitude for physics, mathematics and chemistry
  • the ability to visualize complex processes and equipment
  • the ability to analyze and solve problems
  • the ability to work independently or on a team
  • effective communication skills
  • the ability to work effectively with people from various disciplines and educational backgrounds.

They should enjoy being innovative, doing work that requires precision and being an expert in their field.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Most emerging occupations develop from more than 1 occupation, so nanoengineers may come from a variety of education and training backgrounds. Prior to enrolling in an education program, prospective students should contact associations and employers in this field to investigate education options and employment possibilities.

The minimum education requirement to work as a nanoengineer is a bachelor's degree in engineering with a specialization in nanotechnology. Research positions generally require graduate (master's, doctoral) degrees.

In Alberta, the University of Alberta in Edmonton offers a 4-year bachelor of science (B.Sc.) degree in engineering with the following nanotechnology specializations:

  • Computer Engineering: Nanoscale System Design Option
  • Electrical Engineering: Nanoengineering Option
  • Engineering Physics: Nanoengineering Option (only available in Traditional Program)
  • Materials Engineering: Nano and Functional Materials Option.

The admission requirement for the faculty of engineering is a competitive average in English Language Arts 30-1, Math 30-1, Math 31, Chemistry 30 and Physics 30.

Both the University of Alberta and the University of Calgary offer graduate degree programs in nanoengineering, and many faculty members in various other departments in engineering, science and medicine conduct related research. Graduate students come from various backgrounds, including traditional engineering disciplines, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine and computer science.


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Engineer

Professional engineers design, construct, evaluate, advise, monitor and report on the performance of materials, equipment, systems, works, processes and structures.

Legislation

Under Alberta’s Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act [pdf], you must be a registered member of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) to practice as a Professional Engineer or engage in the practice of engineering. You do not have to register if you work under the direct supervision of a professional engineer and do not call yourself a Professional Engineer or use the word “engineer” in your job title.

What You Need

Registration as a Professional Engineer in Alberta requires successful completion of:

  • a 4-year bachelor’s degree in a recognized engineering program and at least 4 years of acceptable work experience under the supervision of a Professional Engineer, or an equivalent combination of education and experience
  • a minimum of 3 acceptable references
  • successful completion of an approved examination in law, ethics and professionalism.

A new Provisional Member category has been introduced. For official, detailed information about registration requirements, contact APEGA.

Working in Alberta

Engineers who are registered and in good standing with a regulatory organization elsewhere in Canada may be eligible for registration in Alberta if the 2 jurisdictions require similar responsibilities and competencies.

For more information, see What if I am already certified in another province or territory in Canada? and APEGA.

To learn about certification for internationally educated engineers, see Professional Engineer Registration Process.

Contact Details

Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA)
1500 Scotia One, 10060 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta  T5J 4A2
Canada

Call: 780-426-3990
Toll-free in North America: 1-800-661-7020
Fax: 780-426-1877
Email: email@apega.ca
Website: www.apega.ca

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Emerging occupations typically are the result of:

  • an increased human need (for example, alternate sources of energy)
  • technological advances
  • greater specialization within an occupation.

Often there are too few people working in an emerging occupation to gather survey information. Therefore, it can be difficult to define advancement opportunities or employment outlook. Some Albertans already are working in this emerging occupation, but future demand for nanoengineers is unknown.

Nanoengineers are employed by:

  • universities and other research and development organizations
  • manufacturing and other private sector firms
  • engineering consulting firms
  • government departments and agencies.

Nanoengineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to move into associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management.

In Alberta, most people employed as nanoengineers work in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.
Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 20, 2016

Often there are too few people working in an emerging occupation to gather survey information. Therefore, no current salary data is available for this occupation.

Senior managers - construction, transportation, production and utilities

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $30.22 $143.75 $78.80 $72.12
Overall $38.46 $157.18 $92.86 $85.26
Top $40.67 $180.29 $101.76 $93.75

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Oil & Gas Extraction
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Transportation and Warehousing
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Construction
Business, Building and Other Support Services
Manufacturing

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

11%
11%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

18%
18%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

1%
1%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Senior managers - financial, communications and other business services

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $28.75 $166.67 $78.64 $72.12
Overall $33.65 $197.80 $97.73 $93.75
Top $50.66 $205.13 $105.78 $96.15

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Information, Culture, Recreation

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

17%
17%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

20%
20%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

1%
1%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Senior managers - trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $25.10 $120.26 $61.88 $55.29
Overall $27.47 $140.47 $71.93 $64.36
Top $28.85 $158.65 $81.28 $69.76

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Wholesale Trade
Manufacturing
Information, Culture, Recreation
ALL INDUSTRIES
Retail Trade
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Accommodation & Food Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

11%
11%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

20%
20%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

1%
1%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Commissioned police officers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $33.65 $104.51 $62.78 $72.27
Overall $47.80 $115.78 $71.96 $72.27
Top $47.90 $118.62 $75.92 $74.31

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

57%
57%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

N/A

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

N/A

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Senior government managers and officials

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $43.00 $81.32 $62.74 $66.48
Overall $47.51 $106.72 $75.71 $74.37
Top $50.00 $106.72 $81.76 $87.37

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

34%
34%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

27%
27%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

2%
2%

Vacancy Rate

1%
Petroleum engineers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $28.26 $86.54 $45.52 $43.28
Overall $49.05 $100.00 $70.30 $66.67
Top $62.05 $173.08 $116.03 $106.15

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

35%
35%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

20%
20%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

9%
9%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Lawyers and Quebec notaries

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $21.76 $82.05 $45.18 $40.87
Overall $27.53 $128.61 $72.38 $71.28
Top $35.00 $196.40 $102.85 $98.96

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Public Administration
Health Care & Social Assistance

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

60%
60%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

20%
20%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

12%
12%

Vacancy Rate

5%
Geoscientists and oceanographers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $23.56 $69.60 $46.99 $45.64
Overall $25.40 $97.36 $69.53 $69.60
Top $30.90 $155.85 $91.51 $95.64

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

29%
29%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

10%
10%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

4%
4%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Managers in natural resources production and fishing

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $31.60 $88.46 $52.97 $46.15
Overall $38.22 $94.87 $63.31 $59.09
Top $38.46 $102.56 $72.07 $69.23

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration
Wholesale Trade
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

12%
12%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

2%
2%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

0%
0%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Engineering managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $28.01 $93.75 $55.84 $52.88
Overall $37.02 $103.59 $65.44 $62.62
Top $40.87 $134.17 $78.73 $71.43

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Manufacturing
Public Administration
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

27%
27%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

24%
24%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

5%
5%

Vacancy Rate

3%
Senior managers - health, education, social and community services and membership organizations

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $28.72 $103.33 $58.22 $53.34
Overall $32.02 $120.63 $68.31 $61.25
Top $33.65 $127.62 $76.10 $65.33

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
Health Care & Social Assistance
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
ALL INDUSTRIES
Educational Services
Information, Culture, Recreation
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

27%
27%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

24%
24%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

3%
3%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Drillers and blasters - surface mining, quarrying and construction

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $17.72 $66.67 $44.95 $41.23
Overall $26.05 $100.00 $63.62 $41.23
Top $32.00 $166.67 $98.13 $42.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

55%
55%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

15%
15%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

16%
16%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Geological engineers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $26.00 $75.91 $39.13 $33.00
Overall $31.50 $101.21 $61.52 $56.84
Top $44.92 $103.04 $88.08 $93.27

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

36%
36%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

62%
62%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

23%
23%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Other managers in public administration

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $32.00 $72.26 $50.65 $48.27
Overall $39.22 $99.09 $61.78 $60.08
Top $41.83 $104.44 $67.15 $63.98

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

26%
26%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

9%
9%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

3%
3%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Computer and information systems managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $23.56 $73.03 $46.50 $43.23
Overall $31.23 $85.88 $57.31 $57.54
Top $34.62 $108.17 $64.61 $62.02

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
Information, Culture, Recreation
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Retail Trade
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Educational Services
Health Care & Social Assistance
Manufacturing
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

18%
18%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

28%
28%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

1%
1%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Utilities managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $24.21 $71.43 $45.74 $45.53
Overall $28.00 $85.71 $54.53 $56.82
Top $30.00 $100.00 $62.25 $62.72

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration
Utilities
Manufacturing
Business, Building and Other Support Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

20%
20%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

15%
15%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

2%
2%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Government managers - economic analysis, policy development and program administration

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $41.99 $69.76 $49.38 $46.35
Overall $44.29 $84.03 $58.96 $57.06
Top $48.32 $87.19 $62.40 $57.69

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

48%
48%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

30%
30%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

4%
4%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Other professional engineers, n.e.c.

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $32.16 $60.75 $47.14 $47.11
Overall $40.50 $71.16 $55.72 $54.79
Top $51.49 $93.32 $72.17 $70.56

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration
Health Care & Social Assistance

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

14%
14%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

N/A

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

0%
0%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Other business services managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $25.36 $81.03 $47.76 $46.15
Overall $28.58 $90.26 $56.41 $53.99
Top $30.77 $115.48 $64.47 $62.50

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
Transportation and Warehousing
Wholesale Trade
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Construction
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Educational Services
Manufacturing
Retail Trade
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Health Care & Social Assistance
Information, Culture, Recreation
Business, Building and Other Support Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

29%
29%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

10%
10%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

4%
4%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Government managers - education policy development and program administration

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $42.40 $55.91 $47.46 $46.42
Overall $48.47 $71.00 $59.92 $62.26
Top $57.06 $84.44 $65.39 $63.34

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Educational Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

22%
22%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

N/A

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

0%
0%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Physicists and astronomers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $24.56 $58.49 $37.53 $36.25
Overall $28.72 $73.76 $58.96 $64.30
Top $30.90 $92.48 $73.85 $92.48

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Health Care & Social Assistance
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

N/A

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

N/A

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

N/A

Vacancy Rate

N/A
School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $36.65 $63.83 $49.76 $49.00
Overall $43.37 $84.38 $63.33 $61.45
Top $52.03 $84.44 $76.23 $84.00

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Educational Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

31%
31%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

14%
14%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

2%
2%

Vacancy Rate

1%
Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $18.00 $30.77 $20.83 $19.23
Overall $20.99 $96.15 $53.28 $31.70
Top $21.33 $240.38 $113.19 $35.90

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

58%
58%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

22%
22%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

9%
9%

Vacancy Rate

4%
Architecture and science managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $25.00 $80.51 $46.95 $45.00
Overall $27.53 $81.75 $54.93 $54.00
Top $29.00 $96.15 $63.79 $64.90

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Oil & Gas Extraction
Health Care & Social Assistance
Public Administration
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Manufacturing
ALL INDUSTRIES
Business, Building and Other Support Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

25%
25%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

37%
37%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

2%
2%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $20.00 $63.18 $46.06 $46.78
Overall $20.00 $78.11 $50.31 $48.51
Top $20.00 $80.67 $53.74 $54.09

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

49%
49%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

13%
13%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

2%
2%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Other professional occupations in physical sciences

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $23.65 $71.00 $46.13 $46.96
Overall $30.06 $76.71 $53.36 $52.59
Top $33.37 $76.97 $56.58 $57.95

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

27%
27%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

N/A

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

0%
0%

Vacancy Rate

N/A
Electrical power line and cable workers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $25.00 $52.17 $37.46 $34.68
Overall $30.00 $57.57 $49.95 $48.67
Top $39.05 $59.16 $52.91 $54.00

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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Utilities
ALL INDUSTRIES
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

51%
51%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

39%
39%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

5%
5%

Vacancy Rate

4%
Other administrative services managers

Survey Methodology

Survey Analys