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Updated / Emerging Occupations

Cloud Architect

Cloud architects are information technology (IT) professionals who develop or manage an organization’s cloud computing resources and strategy. They design and deploy solutions in the cloud.

This is an emerging occupation. It may have evolved from an existing occupation or emerged in response to consumer needs or technological advances.

Also Known As

Cloud Infrastructure Architect, Cloud Solution Architect, IT Architect

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

This occupation has not yet received an official NOC code. However, it is considered similar to the following historical NOC codes. CAUTION—As this occupation is only similar to these NOC codes, related details and labour market information may not be accurate:

  • 2006 NOC: Network System and Data Communication Engineers (2147.2) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Computer Engineers (Except Software Engineers) (C047) 
  • 2011 NOC: Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) (2147) 
  • 2016 NOC: Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) (2147) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Network System and Data Communication Engineers*
2006 NOC : 2147.2

Interest Codes


*The Cloud Architect is similar to this NOC group
Interest Codes for This NOC Group
INNOVATIVE

Interest in synthesizing information to research, design and develop information and communication system network architecture and to optimize the performance of information and communication system networks

METHODICAL

Interest in precision working to evaluate and integrate network system and data communication hardware and software and to assess network capacity

DIRECTIVE

Interest in supervising to lead and co-ordinate teams of design professionals in the development and integration of information and communication system architecture, hardware and software

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Duties
Updated Apr 06, 2022

Cloud computing is a network-based computing model. It provides on-demand access to shared or private resources and data over the internet. Cloud architects oversee the structure of cloud computer programs, and how they are used. They try to design applications that are:

  • Available most or all the time
  • Easy to use
  • Secure and resilient to breaches
  • Scalable (they can grow to fit demands)
  • Expandable (to meet future needs) at minimal operational expense
  • Easy to integrate with existing systems

They also understand traditional architecture. This helps them decide how to move systems from on-premise (non-cloud) to the cloud.

Cloud native (100% cloud-based) implementations are only one option that cloud architects use. Hybrid and multi-cloud implementations are becoming more common.     

Cloud architects consult with business managers to make sure cloud designs meet business needs. They:

  • Assess whether a hybrid cloud or cloud native strategy fits better
  • Recommend different cloud service models (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS)
  • Design virtual infrastructure
  • Recommend technology choices (such as networks, servers, or VPNs)
  • Provide cost estimates to evaluate cloud solutions against alternatives

Cloud architects use their knowledge of on-premise, cloud, and hybrid application design to create, manage, and maintain the cloud. They:

  • Migrate existing computing environments to the cloud
  • Oversee the deployment of business solutions in the cloud environment
  • Oversee development activities and review or test solutions as required
  • Develop and review best practices for cloud security to keep data and network resources safe
  • Support DevOps (an environment that optimizes efficiency and teamwork)
  • Develop analytic solutions to process real time or “data lake” data (a large amount of raw data)
  • Report on the health and availability of cloud systems
  • Lead or advise teams that administer computer networks and provide end-user support
  • Write technical documents

Cloud architects act as consultants to their organization. They need to understand the organization’s business operations. They must stay up to date on the latest trends and issues. This can include participating in reviews and attending technology and product conferences.

Some cloud architects design an organization’s private cloud environment. They need to be familiar with open-source cloud software. They may also need to help design the supporting physical architecture.

In large organizations, these responsibilities might be split into multiple roles. Cloud architects may work with different departments in an organization. They work with a wide range of people such as:

  • Developers
  • Designers
  • Customers
  • Management
Working Conditions
Updated Apr 06, 2022
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Cloud architects may work in an office setting or from remote locations. They may work as staff, sometimes in shifts, or as private consultants from home. Overtime and on-call work is often required to meet deadlines or solve issues as they come up. Cloud architects may have to sit for long periods while using a computer.

Traits & Skills
Updated Apr 06, 2022

Cloud architects need:

  • Logical thinking skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Attention to detail
  • The ability to study complex problems
  • The ability to focus for long periods of time
  • The ability to prioritize and complete multiple tasks
  • Communication skills to express ideas clearly, at different levels depending on audience
  • A view of the big picture and the small details
Educational Requirements
Updated Apr 06, 2022
  • Minimum Education Varies

Most emerging occupations develop from more than one occupation. People working in this occupation may come from a variety of education and training backgrounds. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should contact associations and employers in this field to investigate education options and employment possibilities.

Some employers require a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related discipline. However, many employers accept long-term skill and expertise in place of a degree. Some employers prefer IT professionals with at least 5 to 10 years on the job.

Employers consider vendor certifications and deep knowledge of specific products as assets. Examples include:

  • Amazon Web Services
  • Google Cloud Platform
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Private cloud solutions from HP, IBM, or Oracle

Cloud architects should have a broad knowledge of:

  • Application infrastructure, particularly focused on distributed application architecture
  • Network design principles
  • Network security concepts
  • Server operation systems
  • Serverless computing
  • Virtualization technologies

This is a rapidly changing field. Cloud architects must continuously upgrade their knowledge.

 


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Academy of Learning - Calgary Central

Academy of Learning - Calgary NE

Academy of Learning - Edmonton Downtown

Academy of Learning - Edmonton South

Academy of Learning - Edmonton West

Academy of Learning - Medicine Hat

Academy of Learning - Red Deer

Academy of Learning Airdrie

Bow Valley College

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Calgary North

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Calgary South

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Edmonton City Centre

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Edmonton North

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Edmonton South

CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care - Edmonton West

Grant MacEwan University

Sundance College - Edmonton

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Apr 06, 2022
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Certain professional titles or duties within this occupation are protected by provincial legislation. Requirements vary if you use these titles or perform these duties.

The related legislation is shown below. If there are multiple related legislations, select a certification heading to learn about each one.

Information Systems Professional

Information systems professionals investigate, analyze, design, develop, or manage information systems based on computer and related technologies. They do so objectively applying specialized knowledge and professional judgement.

Legislation

Information Systems Professional is a protected title under Alberta’s Professional and Occupational Associations Registration Act [pdf].

To call yourself an Information Systems Professional or use the ISP designation, you must register as a member of the Canadian Information Processing Society of Alberta (CIPS Alberta).

You do not have to register if you do not call yourself an Information Systems Professional.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Information Systems Professional.

Additional Information

For information on certification in IT Architecture, see The Open Group website. This certification is voluntary but is considered highly valuable.

Depending on the job, employers may require applicants to be certified in areas such as:

  • MCDST (Microsoft Certified Desktop Support Technician)
  • CompTIA A+ (PC Hardware/Software Support Technician)
  • CompTIA Network + (vendor neutral introductory networking certification)
  • MCP (Microsoft Certified Professional)
Employment & Advancement
Updated Apr 06, 2022

Emerging occupations typically are the result of:

  • An increased human need
  • Technological advances
  • Greater specialization within an occupation

Often there are too few people working in an emerging occupation to gather survey information. Therefore, it can be difficult to define advancement opportunities or employment outlook. Some Albertans already are working in this emerging occupation, but future demand for it is unknown.

Cloud architects work for:

  • Software companies
  • Consulting firms
  • Government departments
  • Online retailers
  • Educational institutions
  • Financial institutions

Most work in the IT department of large private or public sector organizations or are self-employed. Job openings are usually in major urban areas, where employers are often located.

Cloud architects can join user groups or special interest groups dedicated to the cloud for professional networking.

Those who have graduate degrees and many years of experience may move into management positions or become private consultants.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 2147: Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)* occupational group, 77.0% of people work in:

*This data is for a NOC group that is similar to the Cloud Architect occupation.

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment

Explore emerging workplace trends in Alberta that could affect this occupation.

In Alberta, the 2147: Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)* occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.1% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 39 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

*This data is for a NOC group that is similar to the Cloud Architect occupation.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Apr 06, 2022

Often there are too few people working in an emerging occupation to gather survey information. Therefore, no current provincial salary data is available for this occupation.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)*

2016 NOC : 2147
*The cloud architect is similar to this NOC group
Average Wage
$43.29
Per Hour
Average Salary
$85,894.00
Per Year
Average Hours
38.3
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2019 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 2147 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $20.00 $56.51 $37.49 $37.14
Overall $27.00 $62.61 $43.29 $41.35
Top $33.00 $66.37 $50.06 $50.40

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Health Care & Social Assistance
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Manufacturing

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
28%
28%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
11%
11%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
3%
3%
Vacancy Rate
N/A
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Communications
  • Computer and Information Technology
Other Sources of Information
Updated Apr 06, 2022

Canadian Information Processing Society of Alberta (CIPS Alberta) website: ab.cips.ca

Storage Network Industry Association website: www.snia.org

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2022. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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