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Craftspersons use artistic and manual skills to design and make objects that may be functional, ornamental or communicative.

  • Avg. Salary $40,229.00
  • Avg. Wage $21.71
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Artisan, Artist, Carver, Craft Artist, Glass Artist, Leather Worker, Metalsmith, Potter, Weaver, Woodworker

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Artisans and Craftspersons (5244) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Artisans and Craftspersons (F144) 
  • 2011 NOC: Artisans and craftspersons (5244) 
  • 2016 NOC: Artisans and craftspersons (5244) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Not Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Interest Codes
The Craftsperson is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Artisans and Craftspersons

Interest combinations are unique to each of the occupations in this National Occupational Classification (NOC) group. Please consult the 2003 NOC Career Handbook for further information.


Interest combinations are unique to each of the occupations in this National Occupational Classification (NOC) group. Please consult the 2003 NOC Career Handbook for further information.


Interest combinations are unique to each of the occupations in this National Occupational Classification (NOC) group. Please consult the 2003 NOC Career Handbook for further information.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated May 17, 2021

Craftspersons work with a wide range of materials and produce many different types of products. They are often known by titles that describe what they work with or produce. Therefore, there are myriad of terms used to describe workers in this occupation.

Craftspersons may specialize in designing and creating particular types of crafts or they may work in several media. Some types of crafts produced include:

  • Clay products such as pottery, ceramics, sculpture, tiles or art objects
  • Glass produced from leaded, cut and stained, flameworked and blown, cast, fused or other methods, resulting in objects ranging from beads to architectural installations
  • Jewellery, in traditional or contemporary styles
  • Metal objects such as furniture, utensils, light fixtures, knives or architectural details from materials such as iron, steel, copper, bronze or aluminum. These may be cut, forged, machined, inlaid or cast
  • Wood objects such as furniture, tableware, sculptures, musical instruments or architectural features
  • Fibre and fabric objects such as quilts, rugs, costumes, paper, clothing, woven goods or fibre art
  • Leather objects such as saddles, belts, or purses, created using sewing, braiding, carving, punching, embossing techniques, as well as tanning or dying methods
  • Cultural objects such as traditional or contemporary ceremonial pieces or dance outfits
  • Special event items such as holiday decorations or wedding jewellery

In addition to working in their craft, craftspersons spend a considerable amount of time on business activities such as marketing and accounting.

Working Conditions
Updated May 17, 2021

Most craftspersons work in home-based studios and set their own hours. Depending on their craft, they may have to observe safety precautions to avoid injury when working with hazardous chemicals, materials or processes.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated May 17, 2021

Craftspersons need:

  • A passion for making things
  • Creativity and talent
  • Time management skills
  • Determination, self-discipline and self-motivation
  • Visual, tactile and spatial perception
  • Hand-eye coordination and dexterity

They should enjoy using knowledge of their media to design and construct new things, and using tools and equipment to do work requiring precision.

Educational Requirements
Updated May 17, 2021

There are no standard educational requirements for craftspersons. However, to be successful, they need:

  • In-depth knowledge of their forms, materials and processes
  • Knowledge of history and culture related to their craft
  • The ability to be innovative
  • Small-business skills
  • The ability to build a reputation through networking, self-promotion and marketing

Craftspersons generally acquire their skills by taking related courses or programs, working with master craftspersons, or immersing themselves in cultural traditions. Many craftspersons travel outside of the province or even outside of the country for advanced study in their field. Online tutorials and videos are also becoming invaluable learning tools.

Training programs in crafts, arts, design or human ecology may be offered by post-secondary schools, artisan guilds or private studios. Continuing education programs may be offered on an as-needed basis. For many continuing education courses, there are no specified admission requirements.

In some crafts, safety training is extremely important.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity

Grande Prairie Regional College

Mount Royal University

Northern Alberta Institute of Technology

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Elsewhere in Canada, related courses and programs are offered by colleges and private vocational schools including:

Certification Requirements
Updated May 17, 2021

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated May 17, 2021

Most craftspersons are self-employed. They may be contracted to do custom work, sell wholesale to retail outlets and craft galleries, or market their work directly to the public. Those who market their work directly may sell items from home studios, at local markets or craft shows, or arrange to have their work displayed in retail stores, galleries, museums, office buildings or other public spaces. They also may market their work on the internet or through publications and competitions.

Some craftspersons with suitable experience are employed as instructors by post-secondary schools, private studios and community organizations. Craftspersons also may be employed as arts administrators, exhibit designers or curators.

Craftspersons are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 5244: Artisans and craftspersons. In Alberta, 75% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

In Alberta, the 5244: Artisans and craftspersons occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 0 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Wage & Salary
Updated May 17, 2021

Craftspersons often work in other occupations to supplement their incomes until they have established a large enough market for their products. Incomes for established craftspersons vary considerably.

Artisans and craftspersons

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $27.50 $18.37 $18.00
Overall $16.00 $33.00 $21.71 $20.20
Top $17.00 $32.81 $23.09 $25.50

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Fine Arts and Performing Arts
Other Sources of Information
Updated May 17, 2021

Alberta Craft Council website:

American Craft Council website:

Canadian Crafts Federation website:

Cultural Human Resources Council, The Art of Managing Your Career website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated May 17, 2021. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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