Custodians clean building interiors, furnishings and equipment.
Caretaker, Cleaner, Housekeeper, Industrial Plant Cleaner, Janitor, Light Duty Cleaner
In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.
The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:
Interest in copying instructions to clean and maintain the interior and exterior of commercial, institutional and residential buildings and their grounds; to contract tradespersons for major repairs; and to ensure that security and safety measures are in place in the establishment
Interest in operating - manipulating industrial vacuum cleaners to remove scraps, dirt, heavy debris and other refuse; to sweep, mop, scrub and wax hallways, floors and stairs; to clear snow and ice from walkways and parking areas; and to cut grass and tend grounds
Interest in making adjustments and minor repairs to heating, cooling, ventilating, plumbing and electrical systems; and in performing routine maintenance jobs and repairs such as painting
The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation.
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.
Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.
A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.
A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.
Custodians may perform light duties or heavy duties.
Light duty cleaners:
Heavy duty cleaners:
Custodians may do all of the above or specialize in a particular area. They often are responsible for ensuring that all doors are locked and electrical items are turned off or unplugged when they are not in use.
School custodians also check and perform minor maintenance on heating and cooling equipment (for example, change filters). They also check and replace lights and test emergency lighting and fire extinguisher hoses.
Industrial plant cleaners perform regular cleaning duties and ensure that machinery is free of lint and dust and excess oil and grease. They also may use a hand truck to transfer raw materials and semi-finished products between departments or buildings.
Many cleaning duties are carried out in the late afternoon or evening when daytime employees have left the building. Custodians may work part time on a nightly, weekly or monthly basis, or work full time eight hour shifts.
Custodians may be required to lift furniture and equipment weighing up to 20 kilograms. They usually work indoors, although some outdoor work may be required to clean sidewalks and driveways, check drains and HVAC equipment on roof tops or clean building exteriors.
Custodians need the following characteristics:
They should enjoy taking a methodical approach to their work and using equipment such as vacuum cleaners, sweepers and floor polishers.
Most custodians are trained on the job. They need to know which cleaners to use for different purposes and which cleaning chemicals can be mixed safely.
There are no standard formal education requirements for custodians. However, employers may require job applicants to have one or more of the following:
Industrial positions may require related safety training such as CSTS (Construction Safety Training System).
The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.
For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.
The Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification offers certification for custodians who have taken Institute approved floor care training courses.
Certification is not required, as there is currently no legislation regulating this occupation.
Custodians are employed by:
Custodians may subcontract their services or become contractors themselves. Many positions are part time and competition for better paying jobs is keen.
There are limited opportunities for advancement to supervisory or inspector positions. With additional training, some custodians may move into building operator positions.
Custodians are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 6733: Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents. In Alberta, 79% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:
The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:
Over 18,800 Albertans are employed in the Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents occupational group. This group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1.6% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 301 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. Note: As custodians form only a part of this larger occupational group, only some of these newly created positions will be for custodians.
Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.
Hourly wages for custodians vary considerably.
|Wages*||Low (5th percentile)||High (95th percentile)||Average||Median|
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* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.
Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.
|Health Care & Social Assistance||$49,179|
|Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing||$48,472|
|Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)||$37,970|
|Transportation and Warehousing||$34,852|
|Accommodation & Food Services||$33,340|
|Information, Culture, Recreation||$32,537|
|Professional, Scientific & Technical Services||$30,287|
|Business, Building and Other Support Services||$24,221|
Updated Mar 20, 2014. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.