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Custodian

Custodians clean buildings, focusing on interiors, furnishings, and equipment.

Also Known As

Caretaker, Cleaner, Housekeeper, Industrial Plant Cleaner, Janitor, Light Duty Cleaner, Sanitization Team Member

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents (6663) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents (G933) 
  • 2011 NOC: Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents (6733) 
  • 2016 NOC: Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents (6733) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents
2006 NOC : 6663

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

METHODICAL

Interest in copying instructions to clean and maintain the interior and exterior of commercial, institutional and residential buildings and their grounds; to contract tradespersons for major repairs; and to ensure that security and safety measures are in place in the establishment

OBJECTIVE

Interest in operating - manipulating industrial vacuum cleaners to remove scraps, dirt, heavy debris and other refuse; to sweep, mop, scrub and wax hallways, floors and stairs; to clear snow and ice from walkways and parking areas; and to cut grass and tend grounds

INNOVATIVE

Interest in making adjustments and minor repairs to heating, cooling, ventilating, plumbing and electrical systems; and in performing routine maintenance jobs and repairs such as painting

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated Apr 08, 2022

A custodian’s duties may be light or heavy. They may involve both the inside and outside of a building.

A custodian’s light duties might be to:

  • Empty garbage containers and ashtrays
  • Service and clean washrooms
  • Dust and polish furniture
  • Wash and polish glass
  • Spot-wash walls
  • Vacuum carpets
  • Sweep or damp-mop floors
  • Pick up litter outside the building
  • Sanitize parts of the building, focusing on frequently touched surfaces

A custodian’s heavy duties might be to:

  • Spot-clean and deep-clean carpets
  • Sweep and wet-mop or scrub floors
  • Strip, seal, finish, and polish floors
  • Remove waste materials from buildings
  • Wash walls and ceilings
  • Move heavy furniture, equipment, and supplies

Many jobs also require custodians to make sure all doors are locked and electrical items turned off.

School custodians also maintain heating and cooling equipment by, for example, changing filters. They make sure lights and fire extinguishers work.

Industrial plant cleaners also ensure machinery is free of lint, dust, oil, and grease. They may use a box cart to take materials and products between buildings.

Working Conditions
Updated Apr 08, 2022
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg

Custodians often work evenings and nights. They may work part time on a nightly, weekly, or monthly basis. Others work 8-hour shifts. They may be called upon to respond to emergencies when off duty.

Custodians usually work indoors, but they may need to do some outdoor work. They may clean sidewalks and driveways, check drains, and inspect HVAC equipment on rooftops. Sometimes they clean the outside of buildings.

Traits & Skills
Updated Apr 08, 2022

Custodians need:

  • The ability to work on their feet for a complete shift
  • Fitness and the ability to bend, stretch, walk, and lift or move things
  • The ability to communicate well with others

They should enjoy taking an orderly approach to their work. They should also like working with equipment like vacuum cleaners, sweepers, and floor polishers.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
NOC code: 6733

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 100 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Dec 29, 2021 and May 19, 2022.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Work with minimal supervision
Personal Suitability: Flexibility
Personal Suitability: Reliability
Personal Suitability: Dependability
Personal Suitability: Organized
Move heavy furniture, equipment and supplies
Perform other routine maintenance jobs such as painting and drywall repair
Make adjustments and minor repairs to heating, cooling, ventilation, plumbing and electrical systems, and contact tradespersons for major repairs
Personal Suitability: Judgement
Clean snow and ice from walkways and parking areas
Educational Requirements
Updated Apr 08, 2022
  • Minimum Education Varies

Most custodians are trained on the job. They need to know which cleaning products to use for different purposes, and which cleaning chemicals they can mix safely.

There are no standard educational requirements for custodians. However, employers may require job applicants to have one or more of the following:

  • WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) training
  • TDG (Transportation of Dangerous Goods) training
  • A criminal record check
  • Other security checks (such as a vulnerable sector search)
  • A passing grade on an English literacy test
  • A driver’s licence

Custodians doing industrial work may need other safety training.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Apr 08, 2022
  • Certification Not Regulated

Certification is not required, as there is currently no legislation regulating this occupation. However, the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification offers certification for custodians who have taken approved floor-care training courses.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Apr 08, 2022

Custodians may work for:

  • Private janitorial firms
  • Municipal, provincial, and federal governments
  • Health authorities
  • School boards
  • Apartment building owners
  • Banks
  • Retail outlets

Custodians may subcontract their services or become contractors themselves. Many positions are part time. Competition for better-paying jobs is intense.

There are few openings in higher-paid positions like supervisor or inspector. Some custodians may train for building operator jobs.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 6733: Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents occupational group, 75.4% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 6733: Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 404 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Apr 08, 2022

Hourly wages for custodians vary a great deal.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents

2016 NOC : 6733
Average Wage
$22.44
Per Hour
Average Salary
$39,140.00
Per Year
Average Hours
34.1
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
11.5
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2019 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 6733 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $29.93 $19.51 $18.00
Overall $15.00 $33.04 $22.44 $22.00
Top $16.00 $42.50 $27.44 $25.22

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information
Construction
Public Administration
Manufacturing
Transportation and Warehousing
Health Care & Social Assistance
Educational Services
Agriculture
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
ALL INDUSTRIES
Wholesale Trade
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Accommodation & Food Services
Retail Trade
Information, Culture, Recreation
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Business, Building and Other Support Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

43%
43%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

30%
30%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

4%
4%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training

Updated Mar 31, 2022. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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