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Apprenticeship

Field Heat Treatment Technician

Field heat treatment technicians set up and perform controlled heat treating to offset the high temperature effects of welding.

Also Known As

Heat Treater, Stress Reliever

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Geological and Mineral Technicians (2212.2) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Geological and Mineral Technologists and Technicians (C112) 
  • 2011 NOC: Geological and mineral technologists and technicians (2212) 
  • 2016 NOC: Geological and mineral technologists and technicians (2212) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Geological and Mineral Technicians

2006 NOC: 2212.2

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
OBJECTIVE

Interest in precision working to operate and maintain geophysical survey and well logging instruments and equipment; to assist in preparing rock, mineral and metal samples; and to assist in conducting physical and chemical laboratory tests

METHODICAL

Interest in compiling geophysical and survey data from hydrogeological field and laboratory studies in order to assist with preparation of reports

innovative

Interest in assisting to carry out a limited range of other technical functions in support of geology, geophysics and petroleum and mining engineering

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Heat treating often is called Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT) or Stress Relieving. It involves heating work pieces (for example, pipes or vessels) to high temperatures in a controlled manner and maintaining those temperatures for a prescribed time, then cooling work pieces at prescribed rates to achieve the required properties. Field heat treatment technicians use a variety of heat treatment methods (for example, electrical resistance heating, combustion fuel firing or electrical induction heating). They also may do other heat-related work such as:

  • Hydrogen bake outs
  • Pre-heating
  • Refractory curing
  • Heat alignments
  • Lower temperature line heating

In general, field heat treatment technicians:

  • Analyze job requirements, including technical documents for heat treatment applications
  • Load, assemble, disassemble and maintain heat treating equipment
  • Use capacitor discharge units to fasten, secure or weld thermocouples to work pieces
  • Install and remove thermal heating pads, electrical resistance heaters, induction coils and insulation
  • Distribute and connect secondary power cables to heating elements and thermocouples
  • Control and monitor measurement equipment, instruments, digital process controllers and computer operated systems
  • Operate portable and mobile control systems, including generators
  • Identify, analyze and interpret codes and quality control programs for heat treatment applications
  • Troubleshoot heat treatment equipment and installations
  • Interpret isometric, schematics, blue prints and other drawings relating to piping systems, vessels, and applicable work pieces
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg

Field heat treatment services are typically provided on a contract basis to clients engaged in the construction, maintenance or operation of facilities that have welded structures, piping or vessels (for example, refineries, power plants, fabrication facilities, pipelines, mining and steam assisted gravity drainage operations).

Field heat treatment services are provided throughout the year, often in outdoor environments and sometimes in adverse weather conditions. The work environment may include any combination of high noise areas, working at heights, confined spaces and congested work sites. Field heat treatment technicians can find themselves in remote locations or shop environments.

Hours of work vary from long term scheduled shifts to short notice "call out" projects. Overtime often is required to meet production and start-up deadlines. Depending on the contractor’s workload, extensive travel and extended stays away from home may be required.

Safety precautions are required to reduce the risk of injury. Most work sites and contractors require pre-employment, periodic and/or random drug and alcohol screening.

Heat treatment equipment can be large and bulky. Technicians occasionally must lift items that weight up to 25 kilograms.

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Field heat treatment technicians need:

  • A safety-conscious attitude
  • Strength and stamina
  • Oral and written communication skills to keep records and explain procedures
  • The ability to work at heights
  • The ability to work alone or with others

They should enjoy working at a variety of work sites and in varied conditions.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Minimum Education Designated Occupation

Employers generally prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma with a strong background in science, the ability to do trade math, good English verbal and written communication skills, and the ability to read technical documents written at a Grade 12 or higher reading level. Field heat treatment technicians need to be well-versed with the technology used in the industry (digital control, measuring instruments, software), and to understand the principles of metallurgy, electricity, combustion and heat transfer.

A trade or technology certificate in one of the welding, machining, pipe or metalworking trades is an asset but not required. Employers may provide the safety training required for working on industrial sites, working at heights and working with hazardous materials (for example, Industrial First Aid, H2S, Confined Space, CSTS, WHIMIS, Working at Heights, Fall Protection).

Field heat treatment technician is a designated trade in Alberta. Certification is available from Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training but is not required to work in Alberta.

Applicants  must have at least 48 months of training and 7,200 hours of work experience. Formal classroom training is available through the Quality Control Council of Canada.

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for admission, credit, or certification. Credits may reduce the hours required.


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Designated Occupations

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Field Heat Treatment Technician

Field heat treatment technicians set up and perform controlled heat treating to offset the high temperature effects of welding. For more information, see the Designated Trades Profile section of Alberta’s Tradesecrets website.

Legislation

In Alberta, government-legislated certification is available for field heat treatment technicians.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Field Heat Treatment Technician.

Additional Information

Certified tradespeople who want to build their business skills may obtain an Achievement in Business Competencies (Blue Seal) Certificate from Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Field heat treatment technicians work for companies that specialize in providing contract heat treating services. This work is highly specialized and international so there are relatively few people employed in this occupation compared to the number of people employed in associated trades and occupations.

Most heat treating work in Alberta is on high pressure welded piping systems and vessels used for refining, chemical processing or power generation. Well trained, certified field heat treatment technicians are in high demand.

Field heat treatment technicians are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 2212: Geological and mineral technologists and technicians. In Alberta, 82% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment, especially in the industries listed above
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

In Alberta, the 2212: Geological and mineral technologists and technicians occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.1% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 39 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Most of the industry is subject to wage and benefit agreements negotiated by the Quality Control Council (QCC). The negotiated hourly rate for an individual possessing an occupational certificate is $35 to $55 an hour plus pension benefits (2020 estimates). Wage rates are comparable for field heat treatment technicians outside the QCC agreements.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Geological and mineral technologists and technicians

2016 NOC: 2212
Average Wage
$42.06
Per Hour
Average Salary
$82,982.00
Per Year
Average Hours
38.5
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
11.9
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2019 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 2212 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $20.19 $54.66 $30.81 $26.83
Overall $23.10 $59.74 $42.06 $43.98
Top $29.00 $84.58 $64.15 $70.14

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Oil & Gas Extraction
ALL INDUSTRIES
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
38%
38%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
18%
18%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
10%
10%
Vacancy Rate
7%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering and Science Technologies
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: www.tradesecrets.alberta.ca

Quality Control Council of Canada website: qcccanada.com

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2020. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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