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Apprenticeship

Industrial Mechanic (Millwright)

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) install, maintain, repair and troubleshoot stationary industrial machinery and mechanical equipment in sites such as factories, production plants and recreational facilities.

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics (Except Textile) (7311) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics (Except Textile) (H411) 
  • 2011 NOC: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (7311) 
  • 2016 NOC: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (7311) 
  • 2021 NOC: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (72400) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics (Except Textile)

2006 NOC: 7311

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
OBJECTIVE

Interest in setting up and assembling machinery and equipment before installation using hand and power tools and welding equipment

INNOVATIVE

Interest in analyzing information to inspect and examine machinery and equipment to detect and investigate irregularities and malfunctions, to adjust machinery and to repair and replace defective parts; and in installing, trouble-shooting and maintaining power transmission, vacuum, hydraulic and pneumatic systems, and programmable logic controls

METHODICAL

Interest in speaking with other workers to direct them in constructing foundations for machinery; and in cleaning, lubricating and performing other routine maintenance work on machinery

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated Mar 31, 2020

On a typical job, industrial mechanics (millwrights) read diagrams and schematic drawings as well as service manuals to determine work procedures. They also:

  • Operate rigging equipment and dollies to move heavy machinery and parts
  • Fit bearings, align gears and shafts, attach motors, and connect couplings and belts to precise tolerances
  • Align and test equipment and make any necessary adjustments
  • Perform predictive and operational maintenance using procedures such as vibration analysis, and follow through with repair or replacing defective parts when necessary
  • Service and repair hydraulic, pneumatic and programmable logic controls

They may do some fabrication and tack welding (to temporarily hold components in place until they can be welded by qualified personnel), and maintain an inventory of replacement parts. Sometimes they supervise the work of others.

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) may find themselves primarily in construction work or plant maintenance, or doing a combination of both. They often work in close association with other trades people such as machinists, instrumentation and control technician, welders, electricians and steamfitter-pipefitters.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg

Working conditions vary from one job to another. On construction job sites, industrial mechanics (millwrights) are exposed to a variety of weather conditions. In plant maintenance, they may work indoors and outdoors. Hours of work also vary, and shift work and some overtime may be required.

The work environment may be noisy and there is some risk of injury when working with heavy machinery, so there is a strong emphasis on safety. Industrial mechanics (millwrights) may be required to lift and move items that weigh over 25 kilograms.

 

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) need:

  •  Strength and stamina
  • Co-ordination and manual dexterity
  • Knowledge of proper lifting techniques
  • The ability to visualize a layout by looking at plans and blueprints
  • The ability to trouble-shoot mechanical systems
  • The ability to get along with others

They should enjoy variety and doing precision work with machinery and equipment.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics

2016 NOC: 7311

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 100 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between May 16, 2022 and Dec 07, 2022.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Health benefits: Health care plan
Health benefits: Dental plan
Tasks: Repair or replace defective machinery parts
Equipment and Machinery Experience: Power tools
Work Setting: Maintenance
Work Setting: Repair
Tasks: Detect and troubleshoot irregularities and malfunctions
Tasks: Perform routine maintenance work on machinery
Equipment and Machinery Experience: Hand tools
Construction Specialization: Team player
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship

To work in Alberta, an industrial mechanic (millwright) must be ONE of the following:

  • A registered apprentice
  • An Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • Someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate
  • Someone who works for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of certified journeyperson
  • Self-employed

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train them. They must also meet ONE of the following:

  • Have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 20-2, Math 20-3 and Science 10, or equivalent
  • Have a pass mark in all 5 Canadian General Educational Development (GED) tests
  • Pass an entrance exam

Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates.

The term of apprenticeship is 4 years (four 12-month periods) that include a minimum of 1,560 hours of on-the-job training and 8 weeks of classroom instruction each year.

High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Training Program (RAP). Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for admission, credit, or certification. Credits may reduce the period of apprenticeship.

Industrial mechanic (millwright) apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Classroom instruction is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training. For more information, see the Apprenticeship Training Catalogue.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

 


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Apprenticeship Trades
Northern Alberta Institute of Technology
Southern Alberta Institute of Technology

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Industrial Mechanic (Millwright)

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) install, maintain, repair and troubleshoot stationary industrial machinery and mechanical equipment in sites such as factories, production plants and recreational facilities. For more information, see the Designated Trades Profile section of Alberta’s Tradesecrets website.

Legislation

Under Alberta’s Skilled Trades and Apprenticeship Education Act [pdf], you do not have to be certified if you are self-employed or work for an employer who is satisfied that you have the skills and knowledge expected of a journeyperson certified by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training. To learn the trade, you must become a registered apprentice.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Industrial Mechanic (Millwright).

Additional Information

Certified tradespeople who want to build their business skills may obtain an Achievement in Business Competencies (Blue Seal) Certificate from Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) are employed by manufacturing, processing and construction companies, as well as places such as amusement parks and ski hills. Those working in construction may experience periods of unemployment.

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) are exposed to the duties involved in a variety of other trades, which means they are good candidates for promotion to supervisory and superintendent positions.

Industrial mechanics (millwrights) are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 7311: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics (except textile). In Alberta, 75% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

In Alberta, the 7311: Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1.3% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 117 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2019-2023 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

 

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Journeyperson industrial mechanics (millwrights) wage rates vary but generally range from $30 to $45 an hour plus benefits (2019 estimates). Apprentices earn at least 60% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 70% in the second, 80% in the third and 90% in the fourth.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics

2016 NOC: 7311
Average Wage
$42.93
Per Hour
Average Salary
$83,433.00
Per Year
Average Hours
40.3
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
11.7
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 7311 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $21.00 $61.23 $41.04 $42.00
Overall $27.00 $61.91 $42.93 $42.23
Top $29.00 $64.62 $46.78 $45.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Oil & Gas Extraction
Health Care & Social Assistance
Utilities
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Manufacturing
Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES
Wholesale Trade
Construction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
41%
41%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
38%
38%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
7%
7%
Vacancy Rate
3%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2020. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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