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Occupational Profile

Librarian

Librarians assess the informational, educational, cultural and recreational needs of the communities they serve, find resources to meet those needs, and provide access to and manage resources.

  • Avg. Salary $48,169.00
  • Avg. Wage $30.01
  • Minimum Education 6 years post-secondary
  • Outlook N/A
  • In Demand Lower
Also Known As

Information Specialist

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

45%
45%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Not Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 10 kg
NOC & Interest Codes
The Librarian is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Librarians
NOC code: 5111
METHODICAL

Interest in operating on-line and interactive media reference searches and conducting manual searches; and in making interlibrary loans and performing other functions using Internet and CD-ROM media to assist users in accessing library materials

SOCIAL

Interest in instructing and assisting users in finding library materials; and in providing specialized programs for children, seniors and other groups

directive

Interest in co-ordinating library information and orientation training sessions; and in supervising library technicians, assistants and clerks

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation. 

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Librarians lead and manage the delivery of library and information services. They make information accessible by selecting, purchasing, organizing, maintaining and retrieving a wide variety of materials. This includes:

  • books
  • newspapers
  • periodicals
  • government documents
  • films
  • microfilm
  • audiovisual resources
  • on-line databases
  • other electronic information resources.

Librarians develop and use systems to classify and manage information. They organize, house and display materials in such a way that desired resources can be readily located, obtained and used. They also teach others how to use information resources and provide related advice.

Librarians' duties vary depending on the size and type of organization (for example, public library, school, government department, corporate office or information technology firm). But, in general, librarians:

  • help people access the materials and information they want
  • help people use digital devices to navigate digital resources
  • answer questions by critically assessing information in reference resources
  • evaluate, select and purchase materials, and negotiate software licensing agreements
  • catalogue materials and develop metadata records
  • develop access resources, such as indexes, bibliographies, web pages, electronic pathfinders and on-line tutorials
  • evaluate, select, use and maintain computer systems and software
  • plan and deliver client-centred programs and services (for example, services for corporate clients, storytelling for children, newsletters, public lectures, or programs for seniors, young adults or special groups)
  • design and deliver programs for learning information literacy
  • collaborate in facility planning
  • advocate on behalf of libraries and information services
  • do public relations work, such as televised book reviews or community talks, that will reflect well on their organizations
  • develop library policies and procedures
  • supervise library staff
  • conduct related research.

Librarians also may have management responsibilities such as program planning, staff supervision, budgeting and forecasting. In public libraries, managers work closely with advisory boards and municipal governments. In corporate settings, librarians may be members of the corporation's management team.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Librarians may work in large libraries providing services to the public or smaller libraries providing specialized resources and reference information for specific groups of people.

Depending on the institution or organization, librarians may work part time, full time or shifts. Academic and public libraries may require librarians to work some evenings and weekends. Lifting up to 10 kilograms may be required.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 10 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Librarians need to possess:

  • initiative
  • creativity, imagination and flexibility
  • critical reading and thinking skills
  • good interpersonal skills and a strong customer service orientation
  • an interest in information technology and good computer skills
  • good oral and written communication skills
  • good organizational and time management skills
  • an ability to understand and convey information quickly
  • strong decision-making skills
  • an ability to work independently or as part of a team.

They should enjoy organizing and locating information, instructing and helping people, and supervising and co-ordinating the work of others.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 29, 2017

New entrants to the profession must have a master's degree in library science or library and information studies. Some positions also require specialized subject knowledge. For example, employers generally require music librarians to have a bachelor's degree or master's degree in music. Post-secondary education in related fields such as administration, social sciences or business is also an asset.


Required Education

The following schools offer programs and courses that meet this occupation’s educational requirements. Other eligible programs and courses may be available.


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Librarians are employed by:

  • public libraries
  • public and private schools
  • college, research and university libraries 
  • corporate, government, hospital and legal libraries
  • publishers and broadcasters
  • museums and archives
  • not-for-profit organizations
  • information brokerage firms
  • information technology firms.

A growing number of librarians are self-employed and work as independent consultants or entrepreneurs.

In Alberta, 80% of people employed as librarians work in the following industries:

The employment outlook (PDF) in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions)
  • size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Librarians
NOC code: 5111

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $35.63 $23.99 $19.00
Overall $18.03 $52.75 $30.01 $27.03
Top $19.00 $59.32 $33.85 $28.76

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Health Care & Social Assistance
Information, Culture, Recreation
ALBERTA, ALL INDUSTRIES
Educational Services
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

45%
45%

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

4%
4%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

7%
7%

2015 Vacancy Rate

4%
Related High School Subjects
  • English Language Arts
  • Business, Administration, Finance and IT
    • Management and Marketing
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Education and Library Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Canadian Federation of Library Associations website: cfla-fcab.ca

Special Library Association (SLA) website: www.sla.org

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 29, 2017. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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