Solar installers work with clients and customers to determine what solar energy-generation technology options (solar thermal or solar photovoltaic power generation equipment) will best suit their needs. They then sell, deliver, install, service and maintain the equipment at customer’s homes, businesses or construction sites.
For larger projects, especially those involving new construction, solar installers work with or supervise project teams and coordinate with tradespersons and contractors to ensure the safe, effective and efficient installation of equipment.
A solar installer's duties typically include:
- Performing site assessments, which include load appraisals, shade analysis, hazard assessments and energy generation estimates
- Securing necessary permits and working with inspectors
- Coordinating with electricians, plumbers, engineers, roofers and so on to complete installation of solar generation equipment and connect equipment to the rest of the building's systems
- Conducting or supervising the installation, operation and maintenance of solar power generation equipment
- Setting up and operating specialized and standard test equipment to diagnose, test and analyse the performance of solar power generation equipment
- Inspecting, testing, calibrating, repairing, replacing, adjusting and evaluating electrical components
- Creating work schedules, technical reports, estimates, and invoices
Although this is not a regulated occupation, duties related to installing, interconnecting and terminating electrical components or equipment (such as solar panels) can fall under several trade regulations. To do this work a solar installer must be certified, or be registered as an apprentice and supervised by a certified tradesperson, in the related trade. For more details, see Certification Requirements.