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Well Service Equipment Operator

Well service equipment crews are called in at different times during the development of oil and gas wells. They perform specialized oil field service operations such as cementing, acidizing, fracturing, or nitrogen injection.

Also Known As

Equipment Operator, Gas Well Service Equipment Operator, Oil Well Service Equipment Operator

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 8412.2: Oil and Gas Well Services Operators

2006 NOC-S

  • I142: Oil and Gas Well Drilling Workers and Services Operators

2011 NOC

  • 8412: Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

2016 NOC

  • 8412: Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

2021 NOC

  • 84101: Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

2023 OaSIS

  • 84101.02: Oil and gas well service operators
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Well service equipment operators perform various specialized services. Their duties and job titles vary from one employer to another and one type of service to another. In general, they:

  • Prepare trucks, equipment, materials, and supplies
  • Deliver equipment and materials to well sites
  • Meet with rig personnel to discuss and plan specialized operations
  • Use hand tools to assemble and connect equipment
  • Direct and assist helpers, floorhands, and derrickhands in the use of hoisting equipment where necessary
  • Monitor control panels and operate equipment controls
  • Keep records and prepare reports about service operations
  • Train and supervise helpers
  • Service and maintain equipment

Pumping services involve the use of high-pressure pumping equipment and chemicals, fluids, or gases. Different operations require different materials. Pump equipment operators often provide a specific service:

  • Cementing services are needed when an oil or gas well is being cased, or for remedial work. During cementing, a special mixture of cement, water, and additives is pumped through the casing or tubing to seal and secure it.
  • Acidizing or fracturing (fracking) services may be needed to increase the flow of oil or gas from a well. In acidizing, a strong acid such as hydrochloric acid is pumped into the well to open flow channels in the rock. In fracturing, a treating fluid containing granular material (called sand) is pumped under pressure into the well. This fractures the underground rock formation, creates channels in the rock formation, and improves production.
  • Nitrogen injection services involve pumping nitrogen gas combined with acidizing or fracturing fluids into wells. This can increase the flow of oil or gas, displace fluid from the well bore, or pressure test well heads and tubing.

Depending on the job, pump equipment operators may have added responsibilities, such as mixing materials.

Coil tubing operators insert the continuous coiled tubing used to pump fluids, such as water, oil, acid, and nitrogen gas, down a well. This can stimulate formation, clean out the wellbore, or condition the well for other services. Coiled tubing can also supply mechanical force to operate downhole tools and equipment. It can also be used during fracking operations to reach specific areas of the well bore or for milling out plugs.

Completion or service tool operators install completion equipment. This controls reservoir pressures and production flow.

Fishing tool operators, sometimes called downhole tool operators, use tools designed to retrieve objects that must be removed from the well bore before work can proceed. They meet with drilling personnel to determine the best method and tool to use. They also direct tool assembly and operation.

Power tong and casing operators use hydraulic power tongs to connect casing as it is lowered into a well. They manage hydraulic controls that provide power, operate the power tongs, and monitor pressure gauges. Pressure gauges ensure the correct amount of pressure is applied to connect casing joints properly. Combined with cementing, casing stabilizes recently drilled well holes.

Swabbing unit operators use specialized equipment to pull fluid from the well bore so oil or gas can flow on its own pressure.

For information about snubbing services, see the Snubbing Services Operators and Supervisors occupational profile.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg

Well service equipment crews often work out of central field stations. Field stations are based throughout the province, often in towns or cities near major drilling or production sites.

Specialized services can be requested at any time of the day or night. As a result, well service equipment operators usually work on a 24-hour on-call basis. They do a lot of travelling and often work long hours. They may need to lift heavy items.

Much of the work is outdoors in all kinds of weather. This exposes operators to dirt, dust, noise, and fumes around rigs. The work can be hazardous, making safety a concern for everyone on a rig. Hazards include:

  • Working on wet, slippery rig floors
  • Working near or with heavy tools and moving machinery
  • Being exposed to chemical substances, such as drilling mixture additives
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Oil and Gas Well Services Operators

2006 NOC: 8412.2

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in driving trucks to well sites and in operating systems to pump chemicals, gases, sand, cement and other materials into wells


Interest in monitoring pressure, density, rate and concentration during pumping operations


Interest in copying information to read gauges to interpret conditions and adjust pumping procedures; may mix chemicals and cement

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Well service equipment operators need:

  • Communication skills, to understand and give clear, concise directions
  • Initiative
  • Analytical and decision-making skills
  • Physical strength and stamina
  • Mechanical aptitude and the ability to visualize tools operating underground
  • The ability to work efficiently and effectively under pressure
  • The ability to pay close attention to detail
  • The ability to work well alone and with other people

They should enjoy operating machinery and complex equipment, having clear rules and guidelines for their work, and solving problems.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

2016 NOC: 8412

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 102 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Mar 04, 2022 and Jun 10, 2024.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Health benefits: Health care plan
Health benefits: Dental plan
Health benefits: Vision care benefits
Long term benefits: Life insurance
Construction Specialization: Team player
Computer Systems: Valid driver's licence
Attention to detail
Work Site Environment: Outdoors
Computer Systems: Willing to travel
Work Setting: Various locations
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Minimum Education High school diploma

Well service equipment operators should have a high school diploma. They also need an ability and desire to learn quickly and put their learning into practice. Related education or experience on a drilling or service rig is a definite asset. For more information, see the Drilling and Service Rig Personnel occupational profile.

Pump equipment operators often learn on the job and through company training programs. They transport and use materials and gases that may be highly corrosive or poisonous. This is hazardous if incorrectly handled. Therefore, they often need an Alberta Class 1 operator’s licence with air or heavy truck endorsement and no more than 6 demerits.

They should have the following certificates:

  • Petroleum Safety Training (PST)
  • Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
  • Cryogenic Safety
  • Hydrogen Sulfide Awareness (H2S)
  • Blowout Prevention
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG)
  • First Aid

Some employers require acidizing operators to have related post-secondary education. For example, they might want a 2-year diploma or 4-year degree in petroleum engineering.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Certification Not Regulated

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Well service equipment operators work for contractors in the oil and gas industry. They may start as helpers. After on-the-job training and in-house courses, they may move into operator positions.

Pump equipment operators usually specialize in a single type of operation. With experience, they can advance to field supervisor. A pump equipment operator with leadership skills and knowledge of all types of pumping operations can advance to station manager.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 8412: Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators occupational group, 85.0% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 8412: Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 2.3% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 81 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2020

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators

2016 NOC: 8412
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 8412 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $17.69 $48.08 $29.09 $28.00
Overall $21.72 $55.52 $33.54 $32.00
Top $26.50 $66.67 $37.55 $36.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Oil & Gas Extraction

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering and Science Technologies
  • Engineering, Architecture and Related Studies
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors (CAODC) website:

PetroLMI, Careers in Oil and Gas (COG) website:

Energy Safety Canada website:

Petroleum Services Association of Canada (PSAC) website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2020. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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