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Occupational Profile
Apprenticeship

Baker

Bakers prepare and bake breads, cakes, cookies, pastries, pies and other baked goods.

  • Avg. Salary $30,779.00
  • Avg. Wage $16.85
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship
  • Outlook Up
NOC & Interest Codes
The Baker is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Bakers
NOC code: 6252
METHODICAL

Interest in compiling information to record production data and draw up production schedules to determine type and quantity of goods to produce; and to ensure quality of products meets established standards

OBJECTIVE

Interest in controlling machinery and equipment to mix and bake doughs and batters

directive

Interest in hiring, training and supervising staff; may oversee sales and merchandising of baked goods

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation. 

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Depending on the size and nature of the bakery, bakers may:

  • weigh, measure and mix ingredients according to recipes or special customer instructions
  • cut and form dough
  • mix and deposit batters
  • prepare fillings
  • use ovens to bake products
  • fry doughnuts
  • decorate baked goods
  • clean bowls and pans after use
  • prepare production schedules to determine the variety and quantity of goods to be produced
  • purchase, stock and rotate ingredients and supplies
  • operate production machinery.
Working Conditions
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Bakers work in clean, well ventilated and well lighted environments. They generally work 40 hours based on a five day week and often work shifts. They may be required to work night shifts.

Bakers routinely lift ingredient containers that weigh up to 20 kilograms. Despite operating hot ovens and production equipment, bakers have very few accidents.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Bakers need the following characteristics:

  • good health and physical stamina
  • manual dexterity
  • a responsible attitude about ensuring that public health standards are met.

They should enjoy creating things with their hands and having stability and security in their work.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

To work in Alberta, a baker must be ONE of the following:

  • a registered apprentice
  • an Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate  
  • someone who works for an employer who is satisfied the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of a certified journeyperson
  • self-employed.

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must:

  • have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 10-2 and Math 10-3, or equivalent, or a pass mark in all 5 GED tests, or pass an entrance exam.
  • find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice. Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates. 

The term of apprenticeship is three years (three 12 month periods) that include a minimum of 1,560 hours of on-the-job training and eight weeks of technical training each year. High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for credit or certification.

Baker apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Technical training is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training and is currently offered at:

  • the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton
  • the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) in Calgary.

For more information, visit the Technical Training Centre on the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 19, 2016

This is an Apprenticeship trade. For full details, see the related certification profile

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Above-average occupational growth is expected in Alberta for 2016 to 2020. Job openings are a result of employment turnover and newly created positions.

Bakers are employed in retail and wholesale bakeries, supermarkets, hospitals, institutions, hotels, catering companies, restaurants and camps.

Experienced bakers may advance to supervisory positions, start their own businesses or transfer their skills to related occupations such as cook (for more information, see the Cook occupation profile), pastry cook, cake decorator, baking instructor or supply company salesperson. Alberta certified journeyperson bakers who have the supervisory or management skills required by industry may apply for an Achievement in Business Competencies Blue Seal by contacting Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

In Alberta, 95% of people employed as bakers are employed in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Over 6,200 Albertans are employed in the Bakers occupational group. This group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 1.9% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 118 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover.  

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Journeyperson wage rates vary, but generally range from $20 to $25 an hour plus benefits (2014 estimates). Apprentice bakers earn at least 65% of the journeyperson rate in their place of employment in the first year, 75% in the second and 85% in the third.

Bakers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 6332: Bakers.

According to the 2015 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, Albertans in the Bakers occupational group earned on average from $14.90 to $20.40 an hour. The overall average wage was $16.85 an hour. For more information, see the Bakers wage profile.

Related High School Subjects
  • Health, Recreation and Human Services
    • Foods
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 19, 2016

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 29, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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