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Bylaw Enforcement Officer

Bylaw enforcement officers are employed by municipalities to enforce local bylaws. In some cases, they also may be appointed as special constables to enforce certain provincial statutes in their municipality or county jurisdiction.

  • Avg. Salary $75,045.00
  • Avg. Wage $39.37
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook N/A
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Animal Control Officer, Inspector, Law Enforcement Officer

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: By-law Enforcement Officers (6463.2) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Bylaw Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers, n.e.c. (G623) 
  • 2011 NOC: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (4423) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Not Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Interest Codes
The Bylaw Enforcement Officer is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
By-law Enforcement Officers

Interest in compiling information to investigate complaints


Interest in enforcing municipal and provincial regulations


Interest in speaking to issue warnings and citations to commercial and residential property owners and occupants

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers' responsibilities vary considerably from one municipality to another. In smaller jurisdictions, a bylaw enforcement officer may look after a wide range of bylaws including traffic control, animal control, business licensing and weed control. In large urban centres, bylaw enforcement officers may specialize in checking and enforcing specific bylaws.

In general, bylaw enforcement officers may:

  • respond to complaints from local citizens, elected officials and businesses
  • discuss bylaw requirements with the people involved and attempt to reach an understanding and obtain voluntary compliance with the bylaw
  • enforce bylaws by issuing orders to correct problems such as unsightly property
  • correct problems when orders are not obeyed by arranging for required work to be done and invoicing the property owner
  • enforce bylaws by issuing violation tickets, traffic tags or summonses and subpoenas, and prepare related legal documents
  • keep records
  • use specialized equipment related to specific bylaws (for example, weights and measures, noise level instruments, auto samplers for taking chemical samples)
  • investigate bylaw offences to prepare for court proceedings
  • appear in court and give testimony related to the prosecution of bylaw offenders.

The municipalities that hire bylaw enforcement officers define the powers they may use on the job. A municipality may apply to Alberta Justice and Solicitor General to have a bylaw enforcement officer appointed as a special constable.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers may work shifts that include evenings and weekends. Other working conditions vary depending on which bylaws they enforce. For example, bylaw enforcement officers may have to deal with hazardous goods or aggressive animals. In some circumstances, they are required to lift items weighing over 20 kilograms.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers need the following characteristics:

  • strong oral and written communication skills
  • the ability to handle potential conflict situations
  • good observation, problem solving and decision making skills
  • the ability to work with a minimum of supervision
  • the ability to react quickly and with good judgment.

They should enjoy having established policies and procedures to guide their work, enforcing regulations and dealing with people.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Municipalities may hire bylaw officers and train them on the job. Job applicants should have:

  • at least a high school diploma
  • up to two years of related experience
  • a working knowledge of the provincial court system
  • knowledge of proper investigative and interviewing techniques
  • a valid driver's licence with a clean driving record
  • a current Standard First Aid certificate
  • computer skills for inputting and retrieving data.

Most employers prefer to hire bylaw enforcement officers who have a related post-secondary diploma or degree. Before enrolling in a post-secondary program, prospective bylaw enforcement officers should discuss their education options with potential employers.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Lethbridge College

Medicine Hat College

Mount Royal University

Red Deer College

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Certification is not required, as there is currently no legislation regulating this occupation.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers are employed by municipal councils and city bylaw departments. Depending on the size of the municipality, bylaw officers may work alone or as part of a small group of bylaw officers. Many jurisdictions employ bylaw enforcement officers on a contract basis.

With several years of experience, bylaw officers in larger centres may advance to supervisory positions.

Bylaw enforcement officers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 4423: By-law Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers. In Alberta, 81% of people employed in this classification work in the Public Administration (PDF) industry.

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the Public Administration industry)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 08, 2016
By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $14.25 $43.77 $32.76 $35.43
Overall $15.94 $57.68 $39.37 $44.30
Top $18.25 $58.95 $41.53 $46.15

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related High School Subjects
  • Health, Recreation and Human Services
    • Legal Studies
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Social, Community and Protective Services
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Alberta Municipal Enforcement Association website:

For more information on career planning, education and jobs call the Alberta Supports Contact Centre toll-free at 1-877-644-9992 or 780-644-9992 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Supports Centre near you.

Updated Mar 21, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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