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Bylaw Enforcement Officer

Bylaw enforcement officers work for municipalities (such as counties, towns, and cities) to enforce local bylaws. Some may also be appointed as special constables (community peace officers). They enforce certain provincial statutes in their areas.

  • Avg. Salary $81,525.00
  • Avg. Wage $42.12
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Animal Control Officer, Law Enforcement Officer (LEO)

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: By-law Enforcement Officers (6463.2) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Bylaw Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers, n.e.c. (G623) 
  • 2011 NOC: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (4423) 
  • 2016 NOC: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (4423) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Not Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Interest Codes
The Bylaw Enforcement Officer is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
By-law Enforcement Officers

Interest in compiling information to investigate complaints


Interest in enforcing municipal and provincial regulations


Interest in speaking to issue warnings and citations to commercial and residential property owners and occupants

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Dec 31, 2018

Bylaw enforcement officers’ work varies widely from one municipality to another. In smaller areas, a bylaw enforcement officer may look after a range of bylaws. These could include traffic control, parking, animal control, business licensing, and weed control. In larger centres, they may specialize in checking and enforcing specific bylaws.

In general, bylaw enforcement officers may:

  • Conduct inspections and respond to complaints from citizens and businesses
  • Try to get people to comply with bylaws by talking to them
  • Interpret municipal bylaws and provincial and federal regulations
  • Explain legislation to the public, city administration, and other agencies
  • Issue orders to correct problems, such as unsightly property
  • Fix problems when orders are not followed by arranging for work to be done and billed to the property owner
  • Issue violations, traffic tags, or summonses and subpoenas, and prepare related legal documents
  • Keep records
  • Use specialized equipment related to specific bylaws (for example, weights and measures, noise level instruments, auto samplers for taking chemical samples)
  • Investigate bylaw offences to prepare for court
  • Appear in court and give testimony related to cases of bylaw offenders
  • Work with other enforcement agencies including peace officers and police officers

The municipalities that hire bylaw enforcement officers define the powers they may use on the job under the Municipal Government Act. A municipality may apply to the Government of Alberta to have a bylaw enforcement officer appointed as a special constable, such as a community peace officer.

Working Conditions
Updated Dec 31, 2018

Bylaw enforcement officers may work shifts that include evenings and weekends. They work in all weather conditions. Other working conditions vary depending on which bylaws officers enforce. For example, bylaw enforcement officers may have to deal with aggressive animals.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 31, 2018

Bylaw enforcement officers need:

  • Good judgment
  • Communication skills
  • Conflict resolution skills
  • Observation and problem-solving skills
  • Quick thinking
  • Self-motivation
  • The ability to deal with sensitive issues

They should enjoy:

  • Following policies and procedures in their work
  • Enforcing rules and dealing with people
Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 31, 2018

Municipalities may hire bylaw enforcement officers and train them on the job. Job applicants need:

  • A high school diploma
  • Up to 2 years’ related experience
  • A working knowledge of the provincial court system
  • Knowledge of proper investigative and interviewing techniques
  • A valid driver’s licence with a clean driving record
  • A current Standard First Aid certificate
  • Computer skills for inputting and retrieving data
  • Customer service experience

Most employers prefer to hire bylaw enforcement officers who have a related post-secondary diploma or degree. Before enrolling in a post-secondary program, prospective bylaw enforcement officers should discuss their education options with potential employers.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Canadian Criminal Justice Academy

Lethbridge College

Medicine Hat College

Mount Royal University

NorQuest College

Red Deer College

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 31, 2018

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 31, 2018

Bylaw enforcement officers work for a municipality. Depending on the size of the municipality, they may work alone or in small groups. Many areas employ bylaw enforcement officers on a contract basis.

With several years of experience, bylaw enforcement officers in larger centres may advance to supervisory positions.

Bylaw enforcement officers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 4423: By-law Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers. In Alberta, 81% of people employed in this classification work in the Public Administration [pdf] industry.

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment, especially in the Public Administration industry
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 31, 2018
By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $19.86 $42.69 $35.17 $37.51
Overall $24.04 $51.78 $42.12 $42.40
Top $28.85 $57.93 $45.50 $46.96

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Social, Community and Protective Services
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 31, 2018

Alberta Municipal Enforcement Association website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Dec 31, 2018. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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