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Bylaw Enforcement Officer

Bylaw enforcement officers are employed by municipalities to enforce local bylaws. In some cases, they also may be appointed as special constables to enforce certain provincial statutes in their municipality or county jurisdiction.

  • Avg. Salary $67,624.00
  • Avg. Wage $36.88
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook N/A
Also Known As

Animal Control Officer, Inspector, Law Enforcement Officer

NOC & Interest Codes
The Bylaw Enforcement Officer is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
By-law Enforcement Officers
NOC code: 6463.2

Interest in compiling information to investigate complaints


Interest in enforcing municipal and provincial regulations


Interest in speaking to issue warnings and citations to commercial and residential property owners and occupants

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers' responsibilities vary considerably from one municipality to another. In smaller jurisdictions, a bylaw enforcement officer may look after a wide range of bylaws including traffic control, animal control, business licensing and weed control. In large urban centres, bylaw enforcement officers may specialize in checking and enforcing specific bylaws.

In general, bylaw enforcement officers may:

  • respond to complaints from local citizens, elected officials and businesses
  • discuss bylaw requirements with the people involved and attempt to reach an understanding and obtain voluntary compliance with the bylaw
  • enforce bylaws by issuing orders to correct problems such as unsightly property
  • correct problems when orders are not obeyed by arranging for required work to be done and invoicing the property owner
  • enforce bylaws by issuing violation tickets, traffic tags or summonses and subpoenas, and prepare related legal documents
  • keep records
  • use specialized equipment related to specific bylaws (for example, weights and measures, noise level instruments, auto samplers for taking chemical samples)
  • investigate bylaw offences to prepare for court proceedings
  • appear in court and give testimony related to the prosecution of bylaw offenders.

The municipalities that hire bylaw enforcement officers define the powers they may use on the job. A municipality may apply to Alberta Justice and Solicitor General to have a bylaw enforcement officer appointed as a special constable.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers may work shifts that include evenings and weekends. Other working conditions vary depending on which bylaws they enforce. For example, bylaw enforcement officers may have to deal with hazardous goods or aggressive animals. In some circumstances, they are required to lift items weighing over 20 kilograms.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers need the following characteristics:

  • strong oral and written communication skills
  • the ability to handle potential conflict situations
  • good observation, problem solving and decision making skills
  • the ability to work with a minimum of supervision
  • the ability to react quickly and with good judgment.

They should enjoy having established policies and procedures to guide their work, enforcing regulations and dealing with people.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Municipalities may hire bylaw officers and train them on the job. Job applicants should have:

  • at least a high school diploma
  • up to two years of related experience
  • a working knowledge of the provincial court system
  • knowledge of proper investigative and interviewing techniques
  • a valid driver's licence with a clean driving record
  • a current Standard First Aid certificate
  • computer skills for inputting and retrieving data.

Most employers prefer to hire bylaw enforcement officers who have a related post-secondary diploma or degree. Before enrolling in a post-secondary program, prospective bylaw enforcement officers should discuss their education options with potential employers.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers are employed by municipal councils and city bylaw departments. Depending on the size of the municipality, bylaw officers may work alone or as part of a small group of bylaw officers. Many jurisdictions employ bylaw enforcement officers on a contract basis.

With several years of experience, bylaw officers in larger centres may advance to supervisory positions.

Bylaw enforcement officers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 4423: By-law Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers. In Alberta, 81% of people employed in this classification work in the Public Administration (PDF) industry.

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the Public Administration industry)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Bylaw enforcement officers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 4423: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

According to the 2015 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, Albertans in the By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. occupational group earned on average from $30.62 to $40.68 an hour. The overall average wage was $36.88 an hour. For more information, see the By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. wage profile.

Related High School Subjects
  • Health, Recreation and Human Services
    • Legal Studies
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Social, Community and Protective Services
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 08, 2016

Alberta Municipal Enforcement Association website:

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 21, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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