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Bylaw Enforcement Officer

Bylaw enforcement officers work for municipalities (such as counties, towns, and cities) to enforce local bylaws. Some may also be appointed as special constables (community peace officers). They enforce certain provincial statutes in their areas.

Also Known As

Animal Control Officer, Law Enforcement Officer (LEO), Municipal Enforcement Officer, Public Safety and Enforcement Officer

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 6463.2: By-law Enforcement Officers

2006 NOC-S

  • G623: Bylaw Enforcement and Other Regulatory Officers, n.e.c.

2011 NOC

  • 4423: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

2016 NOC

  • 4423: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

2021 NOC

  • 43202: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers

2023 OaSIS

  • 43202.02: By-law enforcement officers
Updated Mar 21, 2023

Bylaw enforcement officers’ work varies widely from one municipality to another. In smaller areas, a bylaw enforcement officer may look after a range of bylaws. These could include traffic control, parking, animal control, business licensing, and weed control. In larger centres, they may specialize in checking and enforcing specific bylaws.

In general, bylaw enforcement officers:

  • Conduct inspections and respond to complaints from citizens and businesses
  • Encourage people to comply with bylaws by talking to them
  • Interpret municipal bylaws and provincial and federal regulations
  • Explain legislation to the public, city administration, and other agencies
  • Issue orders to correct problems, such as unsightly property
  • Fix problems when orders are not followed by arranging for work to be done and billed to the property owner
  • Issue violations, traffic tags, or summonses and subpoenas, and prepare related legal documents
  • Keep records
  • Use specialized equipment related to specific bylaws (for example, weights and measures, noise level instruments, auto samplers for taking chemical samples)
  • Investigate bylaw offences to prepare for court
  • Appear in court and give testimony related to cases of bylaw offenders
  • Work with other enforcement agencies including peace officers and police officers

The municipalities that hire bylaw enforcement officers define the powers they may use on the job under the Municipal Government Act. A municipality may apply to the Government of Alberta to have a bylaw enforcement officer appointed as a special constable, such as a community peace officer.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 21, 2023
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg

Bylaw enforcement officers may work shifts that include evenings and weekends. They work in all weather conditions. Other working conditions vary depending on which bylaws officers enforce. For example, bylaw enforcement officers may have to deal with aggressive animals.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

By-law Enforcement Officers

2006 NOC: 6463.2

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in compiling information to investigate complaints


Interest in enforcing municipal and provincial regulations


Interest in speaking to issue warnings and citations to commercial and residential property owners and occupants

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 21, 2023

Bylaw enforcement officers need:

  • Good judgment
  • Communication skills
  • Conflict-resolution skills
  • Observation and problem-solving skills
  • Quick thinking
  • Self-motivation
  • The ability to deal with sensitive issues

They should enjoy:

  • Following policies and procedures in their work
  • Enforcing rules and dealing with people
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 21, 2023
  • Minimum Education Varies

Municipalities may hire bylaw enforcement officers and train them on the job. Job applicants need:

  • A high school diploma
  • A clear criminal record check, and RCMP security clearance
  • Up to 2 years’ related experience
  • A working knowledge of the provincial court system
  • Knowledge of proper investigative and interviewing techniques
  • A valid driver’s licence with a clean driving record
  • A current Standard First Aid certificate
  • Computer skills for inputting and retrieving data
  • Customer service experience

Most employers prefer to hire bylaw enforcement officers who have a related post-secondary diploma or degree. Before enrolling in a post-secondary program, prospective bylaw enforcement officers should discuss their education options with potential employers.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Canadian Criminal Justice Academy
Medicine Hat College
Mount Royal University
NorQuest College
Red Deer Polytechnic

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 21, 2023
  • Certification Not Regulated

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 21, 2023

Bylaw enforcement officers work for a municipality. Depending on the size of the municipality, they may work alone or in small groups. Many areas employ bylaw enforcement officers on a contract basis.

With several years of experience, bylaw enforcement officers in larger centres may advance to supervisory positions.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 4423: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. occupational group, 78.4% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 4423: By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. occupational group is expected to have an average annual growth of 2.4% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 18 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 21, 2023

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.

2016 NOC: 4423
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 4423 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $18.00 $47.00 $35.20 $35.84
Overall $21.00 $52.27 $42.15 $43.05
Top $26.00 $56.23 $44.63 $47.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Social, Community and Protective Services
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 21, 2023

Alberta Municipal Enforcement Association website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 21, 2023. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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