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Landscape Horticulturist

Landscape horticulturists consult with clients and work with other trades to carry out landscaping operations and design in various environments, including residential, commercial and public grounds, playgrounds, golf courses, garden centres, tree nurseries, greenhouses and interior landscapes.

  • Avg. Salary $44,721.00
  • Avg. Wage $25.48
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship
  • Outlook N/A
  • Employed 1,600
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Gardener, Landscape Gardener

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Landscape Gardeners (2225.5) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Specialists (C125) 
  • 2011 NOC: Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists (2225) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Interest Codes
The Landscape Horticulturist is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Landscape Gardeners

Interest in operating equipment and using gardening tools to prepare soil, seed lawns, dig holes, trim shrubs and hedges, and maintain lawns and gardens


Interest in copying information to plant flowers, bulbs, shrubs and hedges according to prepared plans


Interest in mixing chemical solutions to spray plants for weeds and insect control, and in preparing work reports

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Apr 10, 2017

Landscape horticulturists work with machinery and equipment ranging from simple hand tools such as pruning shears and sprayers to heavy duty trucks, tractors, loaders and graders. They may be responsible for the routine maintenance of equipment.

Since landscape horticulturists also work with pesticides and fertilizers, they must be aware of government regulations restricting their use and the toxic or hazardous effects the chemicals may have.

They may supervise or be involved in any combination of the following activities:

  • consult with clients on all aspects of landscaping
  • create landscape designs
  • provide advice to customers on plant selection and care
  • prepare the ground for planting
  • amend poor soil conditions
  • identify, plant and transplant greenhouse and nursery stock
  • identify, plant, transplant and maintain flowers and ground covers
  • install rock gardens, ponds, decks, drainage systems, retaining walls, fences, planters or playground equipment
  • seed and sod lawns
  • care for established lawns
  • trim and prune hedges, trees and shrubs
  • identify plant diseases and insect problems
  • apply fertilizers and pesticides
  • install, operate and maintain irrigation systems
  • work in all aspects of greenhouse and nursery production.

Other activities may include design, consulting and day-to-day business operations.

Working Conditions
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Employment is often seasonal with long hours in the spring, summer and fall months. However, year round employment is increasingly common for long-term employees. Most of the work is performed outdoors, although some indoor work may be involved in the greenhouse production and sale of nursery stock, landscape materials, supplies and interior plantscape maintenance.

The work can be strenuous and may involve considerable lifting, carrying and bending. Landscape materials may weigh over 25 kilograms.

  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Landscape horticulturists need the following characteristics:

  • the ability to lift and carry heavy landscape materials 
  • the ability to work in all kinds of weather
  • good interpersonal skills to relate to their customers.

They should enjoy working with plants and being creative.

Educational Requirements
Updated Apr 10, 2017

To work in Alberta, a landscape horticulturists must be ONE of the following:

  • a registered apprentice
  • an Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate  
  • someone who works for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of certified journeyperson
  • self-employed.

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must:

  • have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 10-2, Math 10-3 and Science 10, or equivalent, or a pass mark in all 5 GED tests, or pass an entrance exam.
  • find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice. Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates. 

The term of apprenticeship is four years (four 12 month periods) that include a minimum of 1,200 hours of on-the-job training and eight weeks of technical training each year. High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for credit or certification.

Landscape horticulturist apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Technical training is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training and is currently offered at Olds College.

For more information, visit the Technical Training Centre on the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website.

Landscape horticulturists who work with pesticides must have a Landscape Alberta Pesticide Applicator Certificate from the Pesticides Program - Land Branch of Alberta Environment and Parks.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Apprenticeship Trades

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Landscape Horticulturist

Landscape horticulturists consult with clients and work with other trades to carry out landscaping operations and design in environments such as residential, commercial and public grounds, playgrounds, golf courses, garden centres, tree nurseries, greenhouses and interior landscapes. For more information, see the Trades and Occupations section of Alberta's Tradesecrets website.


Under Alberta's Apprenticeship and Industry Training Act and Landscape Horticulturist Trade Regulation, you do not have to be certified if you are self-employed or work for an employer who is satisfied that you have the skills and knowledge expected of a journeyperson certified by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training. To learn the trade, you must become a registered apprentice.

What You Need

The term of apprenticeship for apprentice landscape horticulturists in Alberta is four years (four 12 month periods) that include a minimum of 1,200 hours of on-the-job training and eight weeks of technical training in each year. Apprentices must find suitable employers who are willing to hire and train apprentices, and successfully complete technical training examinations.

Working in Alberta

Landscape horticulturists trained in other provinces and territories can work in Alberta if they hold a certificate or license recognized by the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training Board or have the skills and knowledge expected of a journeyperson certified in Alberta. For more information, see the Recognized Trade Certificates page of the Tradesecrets website.

Contact Details

Any of the Apprenticeship and Industry Training Client Service Offices located throughout Alberta. For a list of office locations and telephone numbers, click on "Contact Us" on the home page of the Tradesecrets website (

This is an Apprenticeship trade. For full details, see the related certification profile

Employment & Advancement
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Landscape horticulturists may be employed by:

  • landscape architects
  • contractors
  • nurseries
  • tree farms
  • greenhouses
  • cemeteries
  • governments
  • garden centres
  • landscape supply outlets.

Beginning landscape horticulturists often enter the occupation during the busy summer months as labourers of apprentices.

Experienced landscape horticulturists may advance to supervisor, manager or head landscape horticulturist positions, or own and operate a business. Alberta certified journeyperson landscape horticulturists who have the supervisory or management skills required by industry may apply for an Achievement in Business Competencies Blue Seal by contacting Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Landscape horticulturists are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 2225: Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Specialists. In Alberta, 84% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Journeyperson wage rates vary but generally range from $18 to $30 an hour plus benefits (2014 estimates). Apprentice landscape horticulturists earn at least 60% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 70% in the second, 80% in the third and 90% in the fourth.

Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $37.58 $18.98 $16.00
Overall $20.00 $44.97 $25.48 $23.68
Top $22.00 $50.61 $31.06 $30.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Public Administration
Health Care & Social Assistance
Information, Culture, Recreation
Business, Building and Other Support Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related High School Subjects
  • Mathematics
  • Science
    • Biology
  • Natural Resources
    • Agriculture
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Environment, Forestry and Related Studies
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Apr 10, 2017

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website:

BuildForce Canada website:


For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 21, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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