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Manufacturing Engineer

Manufacturing engineers design, implement, direct, and coordinate manufacturing materials, processes, systems, and activities. They strive to achieve efficient, cost-effective, and high-quality production safely and with care for the environment in mind.

Also Known As

Logistics Manager, Process Engineer, Professional Engineer

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 2141: Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers

2006 NOC-S

  • C041: Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers

2011 NOC

  • 2141: Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2016 NOC

  • 2141: Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2021 NOC

  • 21321: Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2023 OaSIS

  • 21321.00: Industrial and manufacturing engineers
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Manufacturing engineers focus on creating and producing industrial and commercial products. These include:

  • Machinery and equipment
  • Consumer electronics such as cell phones and computers
  • Home appliances such as refrigerators and toasters
  • Home fixtures such as furniture and windows
  • Oil and gas products
  • Chemical products such as detergent and fertilizer
  • Pharmaceutical products (drugs)
  • Leisure equipment such as snowboards and roller blades
  • Food and beverages
  • Vehicles, from cars to planes
  • Clothing and textiles
  • Products that are sensitive to the environment (for instance, made of recycled materials)

In general, manufacturing engineers develop, evaluate, and improve manufacturing systems and methods. They apply their knowledge to:

  • Product design
  • Materials and parts
  • Fabrication processes
  • Tooling and production equipment capacity
  • Assembly methods
  • Quality control standards
  • Project management

They also strive for processes that produce good customer value with zero waste. For example, they:

  • Work with planning and design staff on product design and tooling to ensure low-waste production methods
  • Consult with customers on developing new products and enhancing existing ones
  • Work with vendors on product specifications
  • Analyze space requirements and workflow
  • Design efficient and ergonomic layouts for equipment and workstations
  • Work with agencies that regulate safety, design, and environmental concerns
  • Decide whether to produce parts in-house or buy them elsewhere
  • Set production standards, change manufacturing methods, and automate processes
  • Test equipment or products and report on results
  • Arrange to buy equipment, materials, or parts
  • Estimate production times, staffing needs, and related costs
  • Design, plan, and set up production equipment
  • Come up with ideas for racks, bins, and other containers to hold and protect parts and subassemblies
  • Plan for future manufacturing needs and opportunities
  • Provide content for manufacturing work instructions, visual aids, and training resources
  • Participate in design reviews
  • Provide feedback about manufacturability and process capability
  • Introduce key performance indicators (KPI), monitor measurements, and study results for ways to reduce process variance, defects, and costs
  • Implement product and process engineering changes

In smaller companies, manufacturing engineers often have a wide range of tasks and duties. They may be involved from developing a product to shipping it.

Manufacturing engineers may specialize in different areas.

When designing products, they use computer-aided design (CAD) software to design products that meet performance, quality, and cost targets. They consider product impact, including how it will be used, serviced, and decomposed or recycled.

When designing and improving processes, they develop process specifications to optimize efficiency. They may develop new processes or automate existing ones.

When designing facilities, they may select locations and equipment for manufacturing products. They may also design materials-handling systems.

When managing operations, they take part in capacity management and production planning, scheduling, and control. They also manage inventory and logistics.

They may specialize in information systems for manufacturing. They design, implement, and operate these advanced systems throughout the enterprise.

They may specialize in machine and process reliability. They optimize maintenance schedules to focus on preventing problems.

They may also specialize in tooling and fixture design and analysis.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Working conditions vary from one employer to another. Manufacturing engineers may need to take safety precautions. For instance, they may need to wear hard hats, steel-toed boots, or safety glasses to avoid injury when working on the production floor.

Some work in “clean rooms,” where rigid standards of cleanliness prevent product contamination. Some work around electronics, where electrostatic discharge must be controlled to prevent contact with dangerous electric charges.

Most manufacturing engineers work standard office hours. They may work overtime to meet project deadlines. They may travel to meet with vendors, suppliers, and customers and support branch plants.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers

2006 NOC: 2141

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in synthesizing information to develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs, to develop flexible and integrated manufacturing systems and procedures, and to establish programs and conduct studies to enhance industrial health and safety, and identify and correct fire and other hazards


Interest in precision working to design, develop and conduct time studies and work simplification programs, and to study new machinery and facilities


Interest in supervising technicians, technologists, analysts, administrative staff and other engineers; and in recommending and selecting efficient combinations of new machinery and facilities

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Manufacturing engineers need:

  • Creativity and determination when solving problems
  • Critical and abstract thinking
  • Process approach thinking
  • Risk-based thinking
  • Oral and communication skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • The ability to see 3D objects from 2D drawings
  • The ability to work as part of a team
  • The ability to understand the effects of change
  • An aptitude for math
  • An interest in how technical processes work
  • A focus on continuous improvement

They should enjoy:

  • Putting different pieces of information together
  • Using equipment and instruments to perform precision tasks
  • Taking charge of projects
  • Supervising the work of others

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2016 NOC: 2141

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 32 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Nov 18, 2021 and Jul 19, 2024.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Attention to detail
Construction Specialization: Team player
Health benefits: Health care plan
Health benefits: Dental plan
Construction Specialization: Organized
Tasks: Develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs
Construction Specialization: Client focus
Construction Specialization: Excellent oral communication
Tasks: Develop flexible or integrated manufacturing systems and procedures
Tasks: Design and conduct time studies and work simplification programs
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary

Manufacturing engineers need a bachelor’s degree in a related engineering discipline. They need skills and knowledge in:

  • Engineering materials
  • Manufacturing processes and production methods
  • Process automation, robotics, and control systems
  • Approaches to engineering design and computer tools
  • Quality engineering
  • The design of manufacturing facilities
  • Human factors and human systems integration
  • Operations management (inventory control and production scheduling)
  • Business and financial issues
  • Information management
  • Technology management
  • Supply chain management
  • Lean Six Sigma (lean leadership)
  • Value-stream mapping

Technology and manufacturing techniques advance rapidly. Manufacturing engineers must keep up with these changes. They must take part in professional development activities and continuing education courses. Several associations offer continuing education, training courses, and certification. These include the Society of Manufacturing Engineers and the Association for Manufacturing Excellence.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Certain professional titles or duties within this occupation are protected by provincial legislation. Requirements vary if you use these titles or perform these duties.

The related legislation is shown below. If there are multiple related legislations, select a certification heading to learn about each one.


Professional engineers design, construct, evaluate, advise, monitor, and report on the performance of materials, equipment, systems, works, processes, and structures.


Under Alberta’s Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act [pdf] and Engineering and Geoscience Professions General Regulation [pdf], you must register as a member of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) to practice as a Professional Engineer or engage in the practice of engineering.

You do not have to register if you work under the direct supervision of a professional engineer and do not call yourself a Professional Engineer or use the word “engineer” in your job title.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Engineer.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Manufacturing engineers work for manufacturing, processing, and consulting firms.

With time on the job, engineers may become administrators or managers. Those with graduate degrees may teach at the post-secondary level or conduct research.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 2141: Industrial and manufacturing engineers occupational group, 82.3% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 2141: Industrial and manufacturing engineers occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 2.3% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 50 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2022

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2016 NOC: 2141
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 2141 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $21.63 $73.77 $42.80 $40.87
Overall $25.00 $78.84 $49.98 $49.52
Top $30.00 $89.12 $58.05 $60.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Wholesale Trade
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering, Architecture and Related Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Association for Manufacturing Excellence (AME) website:

Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) website:

Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME):

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2022. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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