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Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapists help people experiencing challenges (due to injury, illness, disability or mental health, a change in function, or barriers in the social and physical environment) take part in everyday activities. They have a holistic approach toward improving their clients’ quality of life.

Also Known As

Rehabilitation Therapist, Therapist

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 3143: Occupational Therapists

2006 NOC-S

  • D043: Occupational Therapists

2011 NOC

  • 3143: Occupational therapists

2016 NOC

  • 3143: Occupational therapists

2021 NOC

  • 31203: Occupational therapists
Updated Dec 14, 2016

Occupational therapists (OTs) work with individuals, groups, communities and systems. They develop the means and create opportunities to understand, engage in and improve clients’ function in all aspects of life. In general, this involves:

  • finding each client’s level of function (such as self-care, work, study, volunteerism and leisure)
  • setting and prioritizing goals based on client evaluation
  • creating intervention plans to help clients take part in activities
  • following client progress, gauging outcomes and adjusting plans as needed
  • making suggestions (as an independent consultant or with a multidisciplinary professional team) for:
    • client discharge
    • home or school management
    • transfer to alternate programs
    • integration into the community
    • return to work
    • policy or procedure changes
    • changes to the social or physical environment.
  • any form of exercise that helps improve day-to-day functioning.

Intervention plans may include:

  • changing physical and social environments to improve clients’ access to activities and make it easier for them to take part
  • using meaningful activities to help clients restore or maintain function and prevent disability
  • using environmental changes, equipment and assistive technology to support clients to take part in occupations
  • doing vocational testing and retraining to develop or improve work-related skills
  • helping clients to learn or re-learn day-to-day life skills
  • providing strategies to promote health and prevent disability (such as mindfulness, chronic disease management, ergonomics, pain management)
  • arranging group interventions that:
    • ease social adjustment
    • alleviate stress
    • promote client well-being

          through self-management techniques and by providing choices.

  • helping clients choose leisure activities based on interest and functioning level.

OTs may:

  • help clients learn new ways to perform daily chores, manage their finances and shop for groceries
  • help clients learn skills to cope with anxiety, drug or alcohol abuse, stress, decreased energy or normal aging
  • work with parents, teachers and others to help children achieve success at home, in school and in the community
  • adapt environments in schools, homes, workplaces and communities to assist people in their everyday life (such as by changing the layout of a home to make it more accessible or help prevent further injury)
  • help clients regain the use of an injured body part or improve strength, endurance, movement and self-confidence
  • use assistive technologies (such as mobility devices and safety equipment) so clients can take part in meaningful activities.

Some OTs specialize in working with a certain age group or clients who have a certain concern (such as arthritis, mental health problems or spinal cord injuries). OTs may have to supervise assistants.

Working Conditions
Updated Dec 14, 2016
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg

Most occupational therapists work standard office hours. However, some positions require evening and weekend work. In clinical settings, they may do a lot of standing, bending and assisting patients.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Occupational Therapists

2006 NOC: 3143

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in consulting with members on interdisciplinary teams to establish personalized care plans, and to advise on health promotion programs


Interest in co-ordinating information to develop intervention programs to address client needs related to self-care, work and leisure activities


Interest in manipulating and maintaining equipment used in programs involving manual and creative arts, industrial and vocational skills, and recreational activities

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Dec 14, 2016

Occupational therapists need to possess:

  • excellent problem-solving skills
  • the ability to be organized
  • good people skills
  • the ability to listen, speak and write well
  • the ability to work with little supervision
  • creativity
  • empathy
  • patience.

They should enjoy:

  • working with people
  • finding creative ways to deal with challenges
  • taking a step-by-step approach to their work.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Occupational therapists

2016 NOC: 3143

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 31 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Dec 23, 2021 and Feb 24, 2024.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Tasks: Analyse clients' capabilities and expectations related to life activities through observation, interviews and formal assessments
Tasks: Develop and implement treatment programs
Tasks: Maintain clinical and progress reports
Construction Specialization: Effective interpersonal skills
Construction Specialization: Team player
Construction Specialization: Excellent oral communication
Tasks: Evaluate treatment progress
Construction Specialization: Flexibility
Construction Specialization: Excellent written communication
Construction Specialization: Organized
Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 14, 2016
  • Minimum Education 6 years post-secondary

Occupational therapists (OTs) must complete an accredited occupational therapy program. The Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists will grant academic accreditation only to OT programs that lead to a master’s degree in occupational therapy.

Required Education

The following schools offer programs and courses that meet this occupation’s educational requirements. Other eligible programs and courses may be available.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 14, 2016
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Certain professional titles or duties within this occupation are protected by provincial legislation. Requirements vary if you use these titles or perform these duties.

The related legislation is shown below. If there are multiple related legislations, select a certification heading to learn about each one.

Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapists enable people who experience obstacles (due to impairment of body structure, a change in function, or barriers in the social and physical environment) to participate in the activities of everyday life.


Under Alberta's Health Professions Act and Occupational Therapists Profession Regulation, only regulated members of the Alberta College of Occupational Therapists (ACOT) may call themselves occupational therapists. Regulated members provide health services listed in Schedule 15 of the Health Professions Act.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Occupational Therapist.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 14, 2016

Occupational therapists (OTs) may work for:

  • community agencies
  • health care organizations (such as hospitals, continuing care facilities, rehabilitation centres and clinics)
  • schools or post-secondary schools
  • government or insurance agencies
  • the Workers’ Compensation Board (WCB)
  • lawyers’ offices
  • professional organizations.

OTs in public or private practice may offer services such as medical or legal evaluations. Those who are self-employed often consult for various levels of government.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 3143: Occupational therapists occupational group, 86.6% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 3143: Occupational therapists occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 3.4% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 75 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2019-2023 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 14, 2016

For information about current collective agreements in the public and not-for-profit sectors, see the Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Occupational therapists

2016 NOC: 3143
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 3143 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $33.33 $41.58 $34.90 $33.57
Overall $38.46 $52.05 $45.49 $46.72
Top $41.03 $52.36 $48.70 $49.65

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Educational Services
Health Care & Social Assistance
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Health Care and Medical Sciences
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 14, 2016

Alberta College of Occupational Therapists (ACOT) website:

Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT) website:

Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website:

Society of Occupational Therapists (SAOT) website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 22, 2018. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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