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Occupational Profile
Apprenticeship

Roofer

Roofers prepare and apply protective coverings to flat and sloped roof surfaces in accordance with construction plans and specifications.

  • Avg. Salary $66,554.00
  • Avg. Wage $32.48
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship
  • Outlook Down
  • Employed 4,000
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Shingle Installer

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

100%
100%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
NOC & Interest Codes
The Roofer is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Roofers
NOC code: 7291.1
METHODICAL

Interest in copying information to apply waterproof coatings to concrete and other masonry surfaces above, and below, ground level

OBJECTIVE

Interest in operating hand and power tools to install and repair metal roofs

innovative

Interest in repairing roofing systems, and in installing, repairing and replacing shingles, shakes and other roofing tiles on sloped roofs

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation. 

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Most flat roofs can be covered by a:

  • conventional roof system (hot applied asphalt)
  • elastomeric roof membrane system (rubber-like properties)
  • thermo plastic roof membrane system
  • modified bitumen roof membrane system (asphalt and plastic).

On the flat roofs of commercial and industrial buildings under construction, roofers:

  • put a layer of vapour/air barrier or insulation on the roof deck
  • spread hot bitumen (a tar-like substance) over and under layers of roofing felt (fabric soaked in bitumen) or apply single-ply membranes of waterproof rubber or thermoplastic compounds to make the surface watertight
  • install metal or membrane flashing (strips) to protect the edges of roofing materials.

Most sloped residential roofs are covered with shingles made of asphalt, fibreglass, tile, slate, wood shakes or metal. Roofers working on sloped roofs:

  • apply membranes, fibreglass or felt over parts of the surface before applying shingles
  • nail shingles in overlapping rows
  • cement or nail flashing over the joints around vent pipes or chimneys
  • cover exposed nailheads with cement to prevent rust and water leakage.

Roofers also may:

  • inspect problem roofs to determine the best procedures for repairing them
  • estimate material requirements and quote costs
  • repair older roofs
  • waterproof roofs, basements, foundations, plaza decks or parkades
  • install green/vegetated roof components
  • incorporate new future roofing technology, such as conventional and non-conventional solar roofing technology.
Working Conditions
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Roofers work outdoors on roofs of varying heights. When the weather is good and building activity is high, roofers may work a considerable amount of overtime. There is risk of injury from falls and from working with hazardous, hot materials.

Roofers may be required to lift items that weigh over 25 kilograms. The heat can be intense for those working with hot bitumen in the summer. 

  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Roofers need the following characteristics:

  • in good physical condition
  • sure-footed and able to work at heights
  • interested in working outdoors
  • able to get along well with co-workers.

They should enjoy physical exercise and working with their hands.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 15, 2016

To work in Alberta, a roofer must be ONE of the following:

  • a registered apprentice
  • a certified journeyperson
  • someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate  
  • someone who works for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of certified journeyperson
  • self-employed.

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice. Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates.  

The term of apprenticeship is 4 years (four 12 month periods) that include a minimum of:

  • 1,420 hours of on-the-job training and 6 weeks of technical training in each of the first 3 years
  • 1,600 hours of on-the-job training in the fourth year. 

High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).

Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for credit or certification.

Roofer apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Technical training is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training and is currently offered at the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton and in Calgary. 

For more information, visit the Technical Training Centre on the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 15, 2016

This is an Apprenticeship trade. For full details, see the related certification profile

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Below-average occupational growth is expected in Alberta for 2016 to 2020. Job openings are a result of employment turnover and newly created positions.

Most roofers are employed by roofing contractors on construction or repair jobs. Some roofers are members of unions and work from union halls.

This occupation is less sensitive to economic changes than some construction trades because there is steady demand for repair work even if construction is slow. Roof systems require replacement every 15 to 30 years depending on the system used.

Roofers may advance to supervisory positions or become contractors themselves. Alberta certified journeyperson roofers who have the supervisory or management skills required by industry may apply for an Achievement in Business Competencies Blue Seal by contacting Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Roofers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 7291: Roofers and shinglers. In Alberta, 98% of people employed in this classification work in the Construction industry.

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the Construction industry)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Over 4,000 Albertans are employed in the Roofers and shinglers occupational group. This group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0.1% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 4 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. Note: As roofers form only a part of this larger occupational group, only some of these newly created positions will be for roofers.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Journeyperson wage rates vary but generally range from $28 to $40 an hour plus benefits (2016 estimates), depending on the location in Alberta and the type of roofing system being installed.  Apprentice roofers earn at least 65% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 75% in the second, 85% in the third and 95% in the fourth year.

Roofers and shinglers
NOC code: 7291

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $0.00 $0.00 $25.05 $26.80
Overall $0.00 $0.00 $32.48 $34.00
Top $0.00 $0.00 $38.01 $39.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

D: Lowest Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lowest Reliability, represents a CV of more than 33.00% and/or if fewer than 10 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 25% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Construction
ALBERTA, ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

100%
100%

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

75%
75%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

34%
34%

2015 Vacancy Rate

4%
Related High School Subjects
  • Trades, Manufacturing and Transportation
    • Construction
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

BuildForce Canada website: www.buildforce.ca

Calgary Construction Association website: www.cca.cc

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 31, 2015. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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