Alberta has rules about wages, hours of work and rest, overtime, vacation, general holidays (often referred to as statutory holidays or stats) and other working conditions. These rules are called “employment standards” and can be found in the Employment Standards Code and Employment Standards Regulation.
They are the minimum work standards for employers and employees. Here are some key questions you may have about the rules in your workplace. The answers will help you understand the minimum standards required by the Employment Standards Code.
General holidays and vacations
What if I work on general holidays?
Alberta recognizes 9 general holidays. These are also called statutory holidays or stats. Most employees, full-time and part-time, are entitled to paid general holidays if they have worked 30 workdays in the last 12 months before the general holiday. Alberta’s general holidays are:
- New Year’s Day
- Alberta Family Day
- Good Friday
- Victoria Day
- Canada Day
- Labour Day
- Thanksgiving Day
- Remembrance Day
- Christmas Day
If you’re eligible for general holiday pay, it falls on a normal workday, and you work on that day, you will be paid your average daily wage plus time-and-a-half for every hour you work, or you may receive your regular wage for every hour you work plus a day off with pay at average daily wage.
If you’re eligible for general holiday pay, it falls on a normal workday, but you don’t work on that day, you will still be paid your average daily wage.
If you’re eligible for general holiday pay, but it doesn’t fall on a normal workday, you can still be eligible for general holiday pay as long as you work on the day. You will be paid at time-and-a-half for every hour you work on the holiday. Visit general holidays for more information.
Is vacation pay included on every cheque?
For most employees, vacation pay is paid at a minimum rate of 4% of your regular wage. After working 1 year for an employer, you are entitled to a minimum of 2 weeks of vacation. Both vacation pay and vacation time increase after 5 consecutive years of employment with the same employer.
Many employers include vacation pay on every cheque; others pay at different times. All employers must pay vacation pay no later than the next payday after your vacation begins. See vacation pay for more information.
Hours of work and pay
What is the minimum wage in Alberta?
As of June 26, 2019, the minimum wage in Alberta is $15.00 per hour for most workers. For more information, see minimum wage.
Many employers pay more than minimum wage. Your employer can pay you in cash, by cheque or by direct deposit (putting payment directly into your back account).
Your employer must establish a pay period to calculate your wages, overtime hours, vacation pay and other details. Typical pay periods are once a week, every two weeks or once a month. Your employer must pay you at least once a month and within 10 days of the end of each pay period. For more information, visit payment of earnings on the Employment Standards website.
What information will be on my pay stubs?
A pay stub (also called a pay slip or statement of earnings and deductions) is a record of what you have earned and what has been deducted from your earnings. An employer must give you a pay stub, regardless of whether you are paid by cash, cheque or direct deposit.
A pay stub must show the following:
- Regular and overtime hours of work
- Wage rate and overtime rate
- Details of the earnings you’ve been paid (for example, vacation pay, holiday pay and overtime)
- Deductions from earnings and the reason for each deduction
- Time off instead of overtime pay
- The period of employment covered by the pay stub
Check your pay stub for accuracy as soon as you get it. Keep your pay stubs. You may need them if there’s a dispute between you and your employer or your employer goes out of business and owes you money.
What will be deducted from my pay?
Employers are only allowed to make certain deductions from your pay. Some deductions are mandatory and some are optional. Mandatory deductions may include:
- Federal and provincial income tax
- Employment Insurance premiums
- Canada Pension Plan contributions
- Money authorized by a collective agreement, such as union dues
- Deductions resulting from a judgment or court order
Other deductions, which you must approve in writing, may include:
- Medical and dental premiums
- Life insurance coverage
- Personal savings plans
Employers may not deduct money for uniforms or faulty work. Employers may only deduct for cash shortages or loss of property if you have sole access to the cash or property and you sign a form allowing them to do so. Employers may deduct money for other purposes, such as parking or a coffee fund, but only if you sign a form allowing them to do so. See deductions from earnings to learn more.
Where and when is the shift schedule posted?
Signing in and out of your shifts helps both you and your employer keep track of your hours of work. If you’re not required to sign in and out, it’s still a good idea to keep your own written record of the hours you work.
Your employer must tell you when to start and finish your work by posting schedules where employees can see them or by any other reasonable method. Your employer must notify you at least 24 hours before a shift change. If there is a shift change, you must be allowed at least 8 hours of rest between shifts.
What scheduled rest breaks and what days off will I have?
Within each period of 5 consecutive hours of work, you’re entitled to at least 30 minutes of rest. This rest period can be one 30-minute break, or two 15-minute breaks. When you work a shift that is less than 5 hours, your employer does not have to provide a break. When you work a shift that is 10 hours, you are entitled to one 60-minute break, two 30-minute breaks or four 15-minute breaks. Breaks may be paid or unpaid, depending on the decision of your employer.
Your employer must provide you with weekly rest days or days off. You must get one day of rest each week or rest days as follows:
- If you have worked 2 consecutive weeks, your employer must provide you with 2 consecutive rest days in the weeks worked
- If you have worked 3 consecutive weeks, your employer must provide you with 3 consecutive rest days in the weeks worked
- If you have worked 4 consecutive weeks, your employer must provide you with 4 consecutive rest days in the weeks worked
After 24 consecutive days of work, you must get at least 4 consecutive days off.
What happens if I work overtime?
Your employer may ask you to work overtime. Typically, overtime is the total number of hours you work beyond 8 hours a day or 44 hours a week—whichever adds up to the greater number of hours beyond this threshold. There are some exceptions: for example, for domestic employees such as nannies. There are also some industries and occupations with different overtime thresholds: for example, trucking and ambulance attendants.
Whether you are paid on an hourly, weekly, or monthly basis or on an annual salary, you must be paid for overtime work. The rate of pay is at least 1.5 times your regular wage unless there is a collective agreement that gives you a better rate. If you are working under an overtime agreement to bank those hours, your employer also has the option to provide time off in-lieu of overtime pay.
An overtime agreement allows employers and employees the option to create straight-time banked hours arrangements. As an employee, this means that for every hour of overtime you bank, you can later take that time off with regular pay. You must take this time off within 6 months of the pay period in which you banked the hours. An overtime agreement, which is voluntary, must be in writing and signed by both you and your employer. Your employer must give you a copy of the agreement.
For more information on overtime rules in Alberta, visit overtime hours and overtime pay.
What are job-protected leaves?
There are ten legislated leaves. Upon returning from these leaves your employer must take you back. These are:
- Bereavement leave
- Citizenship ceremony leave
- Compassionate care leave
- Critical illness leave
- Death or disappearance of a child leave
- Domestic violence leave
- Long-term illness and injury leave
- Maternity and parental leave
- Personal and family responsibility leave
- Reservist leave
Reservist leave requires 26 weeks employed with the same employer to qualify. To qualify for the other leaves, you must have been employed for at least 90 days by the same employer. If you worked less than 90 days with the same employer, you may still be granted those leaves.
When you return from a qualified leave, you must come back to either your same job or an equal job.
See job-protected leaves to learn more.
Am I old enough to work for you?
Employees under 18 years old have specific rules under Alberta’s laws.
Under the rules, employers need to comply with restrictions that apply to the following age groups:
- 12 years of age and under
- 13 to 14 years of age
- 15 to 17 years of age
12 years old and under can only be hired for artistic endeavours, and require a permit, as well as parent or guardian consent. Restrictions for 13 to 14 year olds include hours of work and types of work. Restrictions for 15 to 17 year olds include hours of work for specific jobs. For more information on hiring youth, visit youth employment laws.
Do you have any other rules I need to know about?
A good way to avoid problems at work, such as disciplinary action or losing your job, is to find out all you can about the conditions of employment. Your employer may have an employee handbook or policy manual that states the rules or guidelines for dress codes and appearance, being late for work, missing a shift and other workplace issues.
Alberta’s Employment Standards Code and Employment Standards Regulation are the minimum requirements for nearly all employers and employees in the province. Many employers provide working conditions that offer more than these minimum standards.
Ask your employer about employment standards in your workplace. When you know what to expect—and what’s expected of you—you’ll feel more comfortable about your employer and the working environment.
Do you have a safety program to protect me?
Employers are required to eliminate or control hazards in the workplace under Alberta’s Occupational Health and Safety Code.
Your employer is responsible for the following:
- Telling you about any workplace dangers
- Setting and enforcing safe work practices
- Making sure you have the proper skills and training to do your job safely
You cannot be fired for refusing to work in unhealthy or unsafe conditions that violate the Occupational Health and Safety Code.
This article is intended as general information only and does not take the place of the Employment Standards Code. Consult the Employment Standards Code or the Employment Standards website for detailed information.