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Apprenticeship

Electrician

Electricians install, alter, repair and maintain electrical systems that are designed to provide heat, light, power, control, signals or fire alarms for all types of buildings, structures and premises.

Also Known As

Construction Tradesperson

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 7241: Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)
  • 7242: Industrial Electricians

2006 NOC-S

  • H211: Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)
  • H212: Industrial Electricians

2011 NOC

  • 7241: Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 7242: Industrial electricians

2016 NOC

  • 7241: Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 7242: Industrial electricians

2021 NOC

  • 72200: Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 72201: Industrial electricians

2023 OaSIS

  • 72200.00: Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 72201.00: Industrial electricians
Duties
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Duties vary from one position to another but, in general, electricians read and interpret electrical, mechanical and architectural drawings, specifications and codes to determine wiring layouts. To follow through, they:

  • Cut, thread, bend, assemble and install conduits and other types of electrical conductor enclosures and fittings
  • Pull wire through conduits and holes in walls and floors
  • Position, maintain and install distribution and control equipment such as switches, relays, circuit breaker panels and fuse enclosures
  • Install, replace, maintain and repair electrical systems and related electrical equipment
  • Install data cabling
  • Splice, join and connect wire to form circuits
  • Test circuits to ensure integrity and safety
  • Install and maintain fibre optic systems
  • Install, replace, maintain and repair renewable power sources, such as wind and solar, and related equipment

Electricians specialize in construction, maintenance and other types of electrical work, or in specific types of installations:

  • Residential (housing developments)
  • Commercial (office buildings)
  • Institutional (hospitals)
  • Industrial (plants, factories)
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg

Electricians typically work a 40 hour, five day workweek and may see overtime when the project requires it. They often must be willing to travel to where the work exists.

Working conditions vary from one job to another. Electricians who work indoors may encounter anything from clean, open areas to dirty, cramped spaces. Those who work outdoors may work from scaffolds. They may be required to lift or move items that weigh up to 25 kilograms. There is some risk of injury due to accidental electric shock. Safe work practices are essential.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)

2006 NOC: 7241

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
OBJECTIVE

Interest in precision working to test continuity of circuits using test equipment to ensure compatibility and safety of a system, following installation, replacement and repair

innovative

Interest in analyzing to troubleshoot and isolate faults in electrical and electronic systems, and to remove and replace faulty components

methodical

Interest in speaking - signalling to conduct preventive maintenance programs; and in keeping maintenance records

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Industrial Electricians

2006 NOC: 7242

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
OBJECTIVE

Interest in precision working to install, examine, replace and repair electrical wiring, receptacles, switch boxes, conduits, feeders, fibre optic and coaxial cable assemblies, lighting fixtures and other electrical components, and to install, maintain and calibrate industrial instrumentation and related devices

innovative

Interest in analyzing to troubleshoot, maintain and repair industrial electrical and electronic control systems and other related devices

methodical

Interest in speaking - signalling to conduct preventative maintenance programs; and in keeping maintenance records

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Electricians need:

  • Communication skills including reading skills
  • An aptitude for math
  • Mechanical ability
  • Physical strength and stamina
  • The ability to distinguish colours to work with colour-coded wiring
  • The ability to plan and organize
  • The ability to work in high places
  • The ability to get along well with co-workers
  • The ability to coach and mentor
  • The ability to do precision work
  • Problem solving and computer skills

Those who install or maintain equipment in homes or businesses should enjoy keeping a neat appearance and dealing with customers.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Electricians (except industrial and power system)

2016 NOC: 7241

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 146 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Oct 28, 2021 and Jul 20, 2024.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Tasks: Splice, join and connect wires
Tasks: Test and measure voltage, loads, ground faults integrity of circuits
Tasks: Troubleshoot and isolate faults
Tasks: Read and interpret blueprints, maps, drawings and specifications
Tasks: Install underground wiring and cables
Attention to detail
Tasks: Renovate electrical systems in residential and commercial structures
Tasks: Install, replace and repair electrical controls and panel boxes
Tasks: Install surface mount and/or overhead cables
Tasks: Conduct preventive maintenance programs

Industrial electricians

2016 NOC: 7242

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 65 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Oct 28, 2021 and Jul 20, 2024.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Health benefits: Health care plan
Tasks: Troubleshoot, maintain and repair industrial, electrical and electronic control systems and other related devices
Health benefits: Dental plan
Tasks: Test electrical and electronic equipment and components for continuity, current, voltage and resistance
Tasks: Read and interpret drawings, blueprints, schematics and electrical code specifications to determine layout of industrial electrical equipment installations
Attention to detail
Health benefits: Vision care benefits
Tasks: Maintain, repair, test and install electrical motors, generators, alternators, industrial storage batteries and hydraulic and pneumatic electrical control systems
Tasks: Install, examine, replace or repair electrical wiring, receptacles, switch boxes, conduits, feeders, fibre-optic and coaxial cable assemblies, lighting fixtures and other electrical components
Tasks: Interpret electrical code specifications
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Minimum Education Apprenticeship

To work in Alberta, an electrician must be ONE of the following:

  • A registered apprentice
  • An Alberta-certified journeyperson
  • Someone who holds a recognized related trade certificate

To register with Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, apprentices must find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train them. They must also meet ONE of the following:

  • Have an Alberta high school transcript with at least English Language Arts 20-2, Math 20-3, and Science 10, or equivalent
  • Have a pass mark in all 5 Canadian General Educational Development (GED) tests
  • Pass an entrance exam

The term of apprenticeship is 4 years (four 12-month periods) that include a minimum of:

  • 1,560 hours of on-the-job training and 8 weeks of classroom instruction in each of the first three years
  • 1,440 hours of on-the-job training and 12 weeks of classroom instruction in the fourth year

High school students can earn credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time through the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP). Applicants who have related training or work experience may be eligible for admission, credit, or certification. Credits may reduce the period of apprenticeship.

Electrician apprentices may take the interprovincial exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training to earn a Red Seal (certification recognized in most parts of Canada).

Classroom instruction is arranged by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training. For more information, see the Apprenticeship Training Catalogue.

Electricians need to keep up with changing technologies in their field.


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2020
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Electrician

Electricians install, alter, repair and maintain electrical systems designed to provide heat, light, power, control, signal or fire alarms for all types of buildings, structures and premises. For more information, see the Designated Trades Profile on Alberta’s Tradesecrets website

Legislation

Under Alberta’s Skilled Trades and Apprenticeship Education Act [pdf], you must have a certificate that is recognized by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training or be a registered apprentice to install, alter, repair or maintain electrical systems in Alberta.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Electrician.

Electrical Contractor / Master Electrician

Master electricians and professional electrical contractors can obtain electrical permits for electrical installations in Alberta. They may be electrical contractors themselves or work for companies that do electrical contracting work.

Legislation

Master Electrician is a designation awarded under the Certification and Permit Regulation [pdf]. In Alberta, only Master Electricians awarded a Certificate of Competency by the Safety Codes Council are able to obtain electrical permits (other than homeowners)

Professional Electrical Contractor (PEC), Certified Master Electrician (CME) and Registered Master Electrician (RME) are titles awarded by the Electrical Contractors Association of Alberta (ECAA). These titles and abbreviations are protected under Alberta’s Professional and Occupational Associations Registration Act [pdf]. You do not have to be registered with ECAA if you do not use one of these titles or abbreviations.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Electrical Contractor / Master Electrician.

Additional Information

Certified tradespeople who want to build their business skills may obtain an Achievement in Business Competencies (Blue Seal) Certificate from Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Electricians are employed by construction and maintenance contractors, manufacturers, resource companies and other large organizations. Especially in construction, there may be no guarantee of permanent placements, and some work is seasonal.

Experienced electricians may advance to supervisory positions such as foreman, manager or superintendent. With experience they may also become an estimator or electrical inspector, or start their own contracting businesses. In Alberta, a valid Master Electrician Identification Number is required to obtain an electrical work permit for a building contract. See Certification Requirements for details.

Membership in a trade union is voluntary but some contractors employ only union people.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 7241: Electricians (except industrial and power system) occupational group, 81.9% of people work in:

In the 7242: Industrial electricians occupational group, 87.2% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 7241: Electricians (except industrial and power system) occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.5% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 350 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

In Alberta, the 7242: Industrial electricians occupational group is expected to have an average annual growth of 2.4% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 150 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Journeyperson electricians wage rates vary, but generally range from $30 to $50 an hour plus benefits (2020 estimates). Apprentices earn at least 50% of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 60% in the second, 70% in the third and 80% in the fourth.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Electricians (except industrial and power system)

2016 NOC: 7241
Average Wage
$38.34
Per Hour
Average Salary
$80,275.00
Per Year
Average Hours
40.5
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 7241 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $31.00 $41.59 $37.34 $39.00
Overall $30.00 $42.07 $38.34 $40.00
Top $34.00 $46.80 $42.10 $41.40

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

ALL INDUSTRIES
Construction
Manufacturing
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Educational Services
Health Care & Social Assistance
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
43%
43%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
26%
26%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
0%
0%
Vacancy Rate
N/A

Industrial electricians

2016 NOC: 7242
Average Wage
$41.15
Per Hour
Average Salary
$87,004.00
Per Year
Average Hours
40.7
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 7242 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $20.10 $52.43 $33.11 $29.03
Overall $32.00 $52.70 $41.15 $41.60
Top $33.00 $58.56 $44.97 $46.45

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

ALL INDUSTRIES
Construction
Manufacturing
Wholesale Trade

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
31%
31%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
13%
13%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
8%
8%
Vacancy Rate
2%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2020

Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training website: tradesecrets.alberta.ca

BuildForce Canada website: www.buildforce.ca

Electrical Contractors Association website: www.ecaa.ab.ca

Safety Codes Council website, master electrician information: www.safetycodes.ab.ca

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2020. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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