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Home Inspector

Home inspectors visually examine buildings and write reports about the condition of major components such as the roof, overall structure, insulation, exterior and interior systems such as plumbing, electrical and heating.

  • Avg. Salary $75,924.00
  • Avg. Wage $38.23
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook below avg
  • Employed 5,300
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Home and Property Inspector, Inspector

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Construction Inspectors (2264) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Construction Inspectors (C164) 
  • 2011 NOC: Construction inspectors (2264) 
  • 2016 NOC: Construction inspectors (2264) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Interest Codes
The Home Inspector is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Construction Inspectors

Interest in handling equipment and materials to inspect steel framework, concrete forms, reinforcing steel mesh and rods, concrete and pre-stressed concrete to ensure quality standards; and in inspecting construction sites to ensure safe working conditions are maintained


Interest in analyzing data from inspection of sites to verify that they conform to specifications and building codes, and from inspections and tests of electrical and plumbing installations to ensure that they comply with municipal, provincial and federal regulations


Interest in speaking with purchasers to inspect, assess and provide reports on new and resale homes; and in inspecting existing buildings to identify and report on structural defects, fire hazards and other threats to safety

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 31, 2019

Home inspectors visually inspect house and apartment systems and components. They look for damage, evidence of deterioration, amateur maintenance work, and improperly installed components. They are hired by potential buyers or sellers to prepare detailed reports. Reports may be narrative or may include detailed checklists with notes about problems and what could happen if repairs are not made. To avoid potential conflicts of interest, home inspectors cannot be involved in the sale of real estate or the repair of problems identified during inspections.

Inspectors may probe structural components that show signs of deterioration if they can do so without damaging finished surfaces. Otherwise, they note their observations in reports and may recommend further evaluation.

On building exteriors, home inspectors check items such as:

  • Foundations
  • Wall coverings, flashings, and trims
  • Doors and windows
  • Attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and railings
  • Eaves, soffits, and fascias that are accessible from ground level
  • Vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls that might adversely affect the building
  • Walkways, patios, and driveways

On the roof, they check the roof covering, drainage systems, flashings, and roof penetrations such as skylights and chimneys. An inspection from the ground or roof-edge is acceptable if the roof is unsafe.

Inside, they check items such as:

  • Plumbing systems including fixtures and faucets, drains, vents, and water heating equipment
  • Electrical systems such as service equipment and main disconnects, panels, conductors, over-current protection devices, and fixtures such as switches and receptacles
  • Heating and air conditioning systems
  • Fireplaces
  • Walls, ceilings, floors, stairs, railings, and a sampling of cabinets
  • Insulation and ventilation

Home inspectors do not check items such as chimneys that are not readily accessible. They also do not check the operation of accessories such as air filters, water softeners, and lawn sprinklers. However, technology such as infrared cameras and drones is increasingly being used to inspect concealed and hard-to-access components.

Inspectors offering extra services, such as septic or well inspections, need to perform the duties of a general contactor and obtain the insurance needed to protect themselves, as these services are typically sub-contracted.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Self-employed home inspectors usually work from their own homes. Hours are flexible but may be long when there is enough daylight to work evenings. Inspectors may work weekends to meet deadlines and accommodate clients’ schedules.

The warmer months are usually busiest for home inspectors. In the winter, hours of work may be reduced to part time or less.

The work can be physically and emotionally demanding. Home inspectors routinely need to squeeze into tight spaces, lift heavy items and climb onto roofs. To avoid injury, they must follow safety precautions when inspecting electrical systems, roofs, and other components.

Dealing with real estate agents who want to close sales quickly and clients who have unrealistic expectations can be stressful.

  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Home inspectors need:

  • The ability to present bad news diplomatically
  • Communication skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Observational skills
  • Entrepreneurial and promotional skills
  • The ability to climb ladders and stairs
  • Good eyesight, hearing, and sense of smell
  • The ability to understand complex technical documents such as manufacturers’ specifications
  • Integrity

They should enjoy:

  • Taking a methodical approach to their work
  • Analyzing their observations
  • Dealing with people
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Most inspectors have a combination of education and training in one or more related fields. Examples include journeyperson certification as a carpenter, electrician or plumber, or courses in architectural technology, civil engineering or civil engineering technology. Home inspectors should have a working knowledge of safety code requirements, but need not be experts in safety codes inspection. They may have extensive work experience in construction or maintenance. They require in-depth knowledge of:

  • New and old electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilation, and cooling systems
  • Roofing and structural systems
  • How different systems interact in a home
  • Hazardous materials used in home construction
  • Causes and effects of deterioration in building systems and recommended remedies
  • Safety standards

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Northern Alberta Institute of Technology

Southern Alberta Institute of Technology

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019

While being a member of an association is not required, it is considered an asset and valuable for staying updated with advances in the field.

Home Inspector

Home inspectors visually examine residential dwellings and write reports about the condition of major components such as the roof, structure, exterior and insulation, and plumbing, electrical, heating and other systems.


Under Alberta's Fair Trading Act and Home Inspection Business Regulation, home inspection businesses and individual home inspectors must be licensed by Service Alberta.

What You Need

To qualify for a licence, inspectors must have 1 of the following: (1) a degree, diploma or certificate in home inspection from an approved educational school and a successfully completed test inspection, (2) a Registered Home Inspector designation from the Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors (Alberta), (3) a Certified Master Inspector designation from the Master Inspector Certification Board Inc. or (4) an approved home inspection designation or licence from an approved industry association or regulatory body. For official, detailed information about licensing requirements, contact Service Alberta or visit their website.

Working in Alberta

Home inspectors who are registered and in good standing with a regulatory organization in British Columbia may be eligible for licensing in Alberta if registered home inspectors in the 2 jurisdictions have similar responsibilities and competencies. For more information, see What if I am already certified in another province or territory? and the Alberta regulatory authority (below).

Contact Details

Service Alberta
3rd Floor Commerce Place
10155 - 102 Street
Edmonton, Alberta
Canada T5J 4L4
Phone number: 780-427-4088
Toll-free phone number (within Alberta): 1-877-427-4088
Fax number: 780-427-3033

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Most home inspectors are self-employed. They are hired by people who want an unbiased opinion about the condition of a house or an apartment they are considering buying or selling.

To start their own business, home inspectors need a reliable vehicle, a computer, and tools such as a ladder, moisture meter, and gas and carbon monoxide detectors. They need enough financial resources to cover overhead costs. Home inspectors must also have errors and omissions insurance. This protects against the possibility of being sued or being required to repair problems they did not detect.

Some inspectors purchase franchises that provide support, training, and marketing services.

Home inspectors are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 2264: Construction inspectors. In Alberta, 80% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Trends and events affecting overall employment, especially in the industries listed above
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation

In Alberta, the 2264: Construction inspectors occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1.4% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 78 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Incomes for self-employed home inspectors vary depending on the inspector’s qualifications and skills in business, marketing, and customer service. Income also varies by season, with spring through fall being the busiest.

Construction inspectors

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $20.02 $55.29 $33.23 $28.00
Overall $27.00 $62.50 $38.23 $33.65
Top $27.45 $69.71 $41.92 $37.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Public Administration
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Engineering and Science Technologies
  • Trades, Industrial and Related Training
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Alberta Professional Home Inspectors Society (APHIS) website:

Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors (CAHPI national) website:

Master Inspector Certification Board, Inc., Certified Master Inspector (CMI) website:

Safety Codes Council website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2019. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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