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Sheriff

Sheriffs ensure the safety and security of people, highways, and provincial buildings.

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Police Officers (Except Commissioned) (6261);  Sheriffs and Bailiffs (6461);  Security Guards and Related Occupations (6651) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Police Officers (Except Commissioned) (G611);  Sheriffs and Bailiffs (G621);  Security Guards and Related Occupations (G631) 
  • 2011 NOC: Police officers (except commissioned) (4311);  Sheriffs and bailiffs (4421);  Security guards and related security service occupations (6541) 
  • 2016 NOC: Police officers (except commissioned) (4311);  Sheriffs and bailiffs (4421);  Security guards and related security service occupations (6541) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Police Officers (Except Commissioned)

2006 NOC: 6261

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
METHODICAL

Interest in analyzing information to investigate crimes and accidents

DIRECTIVE

Interest in driving when patrolling assigned areas to maintain public safety and order; and in enforcing laws and regulations and arresting criminal suspects; may supervise and co-ordinate the work of other police officers

SOCIAL

Interest in speaking to the public when participating in crime prevention, public information and safety programs

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Sheriffs and Bailiffs

2006 NOC: 6461

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
METHODICAL

Interest in copying to serve statements of claims, summonses, warrants, jury summonses, orders to pay alimony and other court orders; in serving writs of execution by seizing and selling properties and distributing the proceeds according to court decisions; and in issuing warrants for imprisonment, arrest or apprehension

directive

Interest in handling to locate properties and make seizures and removals under various acts of Parliament; and in providing courthouse security for judges, security support for sequestered juries and perimeter security for the court house

social

Interest in speaking while escorting prisoners to and from courts and correctional institutions, and also while attending court, escorting witnesses and assisting in maintaining order

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Security Guards and Related Occupations

2006 NOC: 6651

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
METHODICAL

Interest in copying to perform security checks of passengers and luggage at airports; to operate security control room equipment to monitor establishment activities; to ensure that establishment safety and emergency procedures are followed; and to enforce regulations of establishments to maintain order

social

Interest in speaking with visitors to control access to organizations, issue passes and direct them to appropriate areas

directive

Interest in driving and guarding armoured trucks when delivering cash and valuables to banks, automated teller machines and retail establishments; and in responding to fire alarms, bomb threats and other emergencies

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Sheriffs ensure the safety and security of people, highways, and property such as courthouses, government buildings, and museums. Duties can vary widely. They work in close co-operation with other law enforcement agencies. They are recruited and trained by the Government of Alberta for service in 1 of 4 streams.

Court security and prisoner transport sheriffs:

  • Maintain safety and security in Alberta’s 71 provincial courthouses
  • Provide security for everyone attending court
  • Transport offenders to and from court facilities
  • Assist with prisoner transfers between correctional facilities, federal institutions, and police and RCMP lockups
  • Transport prisoners from other provinces to attend court in Alberta
  • Help move children in the care of the courts due to programs such as Protection of Children Abusing Drugs (PChAD) and Children Services Secure Treatment Orders
  • Transport individuals who are wanted in Alberta back to the province

Protection services sheriffs:

  • Provide 24-hour security at the Legislature and Government Centre grounds
  • Respond to alarms at key government buildings, such as the Edmonton Law Courts and the Lieutenant-Governor’s residence, and take action as needed
  • Provide specialized personal security to the Lieutenant-Governor, members of cabinet, and other high-ranking officials as required
  • Manage security information and intelligence and develop threat assessments

Traffic sheriffs:

  • Enforce traffic safety
  • Assist RCMP to conduct impaired-driving investigations at checkstop locations
  • Investigate property damage collisions
  • Deliver awareness and educational presentations

Investigative service sheriffs work under the Alberta Law Enforcement Response Teams (ALERT) to provide specialized assistance with ongoing investigations. Sheriffs in this stream:

  • Investigate properties suspected of being used for illegal activity
  • Provide surveillance assistance to law enforcement agencies in Alberta that are carrying out ongoing provincially focused investigations
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Strength Required Lift over 20 kg

Sheriffs generally work a standard 38.75-hour workweek. Some specialized units work longer shifts. Weekend, holiday, and night shifts often are required because security and other services must be provided around the clock. In general, court security and prisoner transport sheriffs do not work weekends or holidays, except in rare instances.

Sheriffs work both indoors and outdoors in all kinds of weather. They may need to stand or walk for hours at a time, or ride in a vehicle for a full shift. At times, they must use force and may be required to lift heavy items.

Sheriffs work in stressful, emotional, and sometimes dangerous situations, such as arresting law breakers or executing arrest warrants.

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Sheriffs need:

  • Honesty, maturity, patience, and good judgment
  • Observational and interpersonal skills
  • Self-motivation
  • Integrity
  • Problem-solving abilities

They should enjoy having clear rules and guidelines for analyzing information and conducting investigations. They should be at ease taking charge of situations and dealing with people.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Security guards and related security service occupations

2011 NOC: 6541

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 72 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Oct 27, 2021 and Sep 29, 2022.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Personal Suitability: Reliability
Personal Suitability: Excellent oral communication
Personal Suitability: Team player
Personal Suitability: Judgement
Personal Suitability: Effective interpersonal skills
Patrol assigned areas
Produce reports
Enforce regulations to maintain order and resolve conflicts and to monitor establishment activities
Business Equipment and Computer Applications: MS Word
Business Equipment and Computer Applications: MS Outlook
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Minimum Education 1 year post-secondary

Education requirements vary depending on the sheriff’s primary role:

  • Court security and prisoner transport sheriffs require a 2-year diploma in a related field or 2 years of progressively responsible related experience.
  • Specialized sheriffs require a 2-year diploma in a related field plus 2 years of progressively responsible related experience.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

Canadian Criminal Justice Academy
Lethbridge College
Medicine Hat College
Mount Royal University
NorQuest College
Red Deer Polytechnic

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2019
  • Certification Not Regulated

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2019

In Alberta, sheriffs work for the Alberta Justice and Solicitor General department. Applicants must:

  • Have a valid Alberta Class 5 driver’s licence (Class 4 for law court sheriffs)
  • Submit a current driver’s abstract
  • Have valid standard first aid and CPR (adult, child, and infant) certification
  • Submit a current and clear criminal records check
  • Provide proof of successful completion of the PARE (Physical Abilities Requirement Evaluation) test or a sanctioned equivalent physical test within the previous 3 months, with a completion time of 4 minutes, 45 seconds or better
  • Be eligible to qualify for firearms certification
  • Be eligible for appointment as a peace officer
  • Be available for and pass recruit training

The Sheriff Introduction training program runs for 14 weeks at the Alberta Justice and Solicitor General Training Academy in Edmonton.

Promotion to sergeant generally requires several years of experience.

In Alberta, sheriffs are part of two larger 2011 National Occupational Classifications,  4311: Police officers (except commissioned) and 4421: Sheriffs and bailiffs.

98% of people employed in the Police officers (except commission) group work in the Public Administration (pdf) industry

97% of people employed in the Sheriffs and bailiffs group work in the Public Administration (pdf) industry

The employment outlook (pdf) in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • Size of the occupation

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

In Alberta, the 4311: Police officers (except commissioned) occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 1% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 98 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

In Alberta, the 4421: Sheriffs and bailiffs occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 0 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

In Alberta, the 6541: Security guards and related security service occupations occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.1% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 211 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2019

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Police officers (except commissioned)

2016 NOC: 4311
Average Wage
$51.20
Per Hour
Average Salary
$105,448.00
Per Year
Average Hours
39.5
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 4311 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $32.51 $60.99 $46.87 $53.52
Overall $41.49 $61.22 $51.20 $53.52
Top $42.73 $62.82 $53.87 $55.13

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Public Administration
ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
32%
32%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
18%
18%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
7%
7%
Vacancy Rate
2%

Sheriffs and bailiffs

2016 NOC: 4421
Average Wage
$36.60
Per Hour
Average Salary
$73,527.00
Per Year
Average Hours
38.6
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 4421 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $24.66 $34.15 $30.02 $30.09
Overall $30.34 $42.09 $36.60 $36.70
Top $30.34 $42.42 $37.20 $37.30

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
N/A
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
N/A
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
N/A
Vacancy Rate
N/A

Security guards and related security service occupations

2016 NOC: 6541
Average Wage
$20.09
Per Hour
Average Salary
$38,019.00
Per Year
Average Hours
36.5
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
11.9
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 6541 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

C: Lower Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Lower Reliability, represents a CV of between 15.01% and 33.00% and/or if fewer than 20 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 33% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $28.81 $17.92 $15.00
Overall $16.00 $35.06 $20.09 $17.00
Top $17.00 $37.06 $23.52 $22.00

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Public Administration
Health Care & Social Assistance
Educational Services
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
ALL INDUSTRIES
Retail Trade
Information, Culture, Recreation
Business, Building and Other Support Services
Accommodation & Food Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
62%
62%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
30%
30%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
17%
17%
Vacancy Rate
5%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Social, Community and Protective Services
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2019

Alberta Justice and Solicitor General website: www.solgps.alberta.ca

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2019. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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