- well-developed research skills
- thorough knowledge of the concepts, principles, methods and practices of records and archival management
- computer skills and knowledge of information technology for record-making, record-keeping and preservation
- knowledge of the administrative history of Canada and the organization for which they work
- knowledge of the laws, regulations and administrative contexts in which the records they are responsible for are created, managed, used and preserved.
Since conservators are rarely on staff at archives, archivists also need basic conservation skills and knowledge. Audiovisual archivists require technical knowledge related to the processes and equipment involved with photographs, negatives, film, video and sound archives.
The preferred qualification for archivists is a master's degree in archival studies, although some archivists may have master's degrees in history, library science or political science with a concentration in archival studies. Candidates who have a bachelor of arts (BA) or bachelor of science (B.Sc.) degree may be considered if they also have recognized archives or records management training or extensive experience in those fields.
No master's programs in archival science are offered in Alberta. For information about history, library science and political science degree programs, see the Curator, Historian, Librarian and Political Scientist occupational profiles.
Outside of Alberta, these post-secondary schoold offer 2-year master's degree programs in archival studies:
McGill University offers a 2-year Master's Degree in Library and Information Studies with a concentration in Archival Studies.
For current information about these programs, prospective students should refer to the appropriate university calendar or website.
For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.