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Archivists acquire, appraise, arrange, describe, preserve and facilitate access to records that have ongoing and permanent value. Archivists work along the entire life cycle of records, from their creation, maintenance and use to their disposal or retention in archives.

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 5113: Archivists

2006 NOC-S

  • F013: Archivists

2011 NOC

  • 5113: Archivists

2016 NOC

  • 5113: Archivists

2021 NOC

  • 51102: Archivists

2023 OaSIS

  • 51102.00: Archivists
Updated Mar 01, 2021

Duties and responsibilities vary from one position to another but, in general, archivists:

  • Oversee and provide advice about the development of reliable record-keeping systems
  • Oversee and provide advice on procedures for creating and maintaining records
  • Develop and manage records classification systems and retention and disposition schedules
  • Work with possible donors in order to acquire records for their holdings
  • Develop preservation systems for digital records
  • Develop records conservation programs and carry out conservation activities as needed
  • Identify valuable records and acquire them for preservation and subsequent research
  • Arrange and describe records to facilitate access to them and to the information contained in them
  • Authenticate records and their reproductions
  • Prepare physical displays and online exhibitions to showcase archival holdings
  • Perform outreach work for an archive and the profession in general to promote public awareness
  • Apply knowledge of legislation such as the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and the Copyright Act
  • Conduct research to identify and document the context of records, and describe archives using content standards
  • Meet challenges presented by technological changes
  • Manage programs, records and archival units within organizations and archival institutions
  • Supervise the work of colleagues, graduate students, interns, assistants and technicians

Archivists may participate in and contribute to professional associations, conferences and educational events. They may also write scholarly articles for professional journals, books, reports and white papers.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 01, 2021
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Archivists' working environments vary depending on the nature, type and size of the organization they work for, the type of records they work with and their responsibilities:

  • When appraising records or acquiring records from individuals and families, they may need to work in storage rooms, warehouses, attics or basements
  • When processing records acquired for permanent preservation, archivists often work in an office environment
  • When assisting researchers or other users, they may work in large reference rooms or in office environments

Temperature and humidity are controlled in the storage areas of most archives. Some archives have dust ventilation systems.

Archivists usually work standard office hours, alone or with other people. They are often part of interdisciplinary teams with information technology (IT) professionals, records managers, lawyers, donors and financial officers. When providing reference services, they may work with a wide variety of researchers and may be required to work some evenings and weekends. Travel may be required to where records are created or stored, to do initial appraisals or to discuss records transfer or gifting processes with donors or records creators.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.


2006 NOC: 5113

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in operating automated reference searches; and in planning the computerized management of archives and the management of electronic archives


Interest in co-ordinating information to develop cataloguing and retrieval systems and finding aids that allow access to archival materials, and to design programs for managing, disseminating and storing archives of all types such as documents, photographs, maps, manuscripts and audio-visual and other archival materials


Interest in instructing and assisting users with their searches

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 01, 2021

Archivists need:

  • Strong organizational and analytical skills
  • Strong computer skills
  • Oral and written communication skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Time management skills
  • Interest in research and scholarly endeavors
  • Interest in helping people and preserving historical documents

They should enjoy taking a methodical approach to their work, coordinating information and developing innovative solutions to problems.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 01, 2021
  • Minimum Education 6 years post-secondary

Archivists need:

  • Well-developed research skills
  • Thorough knowledge of the concepts, principles, methods and practices of records and archival management
  • Computer skills and knowledge of information technology for record-making, record-keeping and preservation
  • Knowledge of the administrative history of the organization for which they work
  • Knowledge of legislation, regulations and administrative contexts in which the records they are responsible for are created, managed, used and preserved

Since conservators are rarely on staff at archives, archivists also need basic conservation skills and knowledge. Audiovisual archivists require technical knowledge related to the processes and equipment involved with photographs, negatives, film, video and sound archives.

The preferred qualification for archivists is a master's degree in archival studies, although some archivists may have master's degrees in history, library science or political science with a concentration in archival studies. Candidates who have a bachelor of arts (BA) or bachelor of science (B.Sc.) degree may be considered if they also have recognized archives or records management training or extensive experience in those fields.

No master's programs in archival science are offered in Alberta. For information about history, library science and political science degree programs, see the Curator, Historian, Librarian and Political Scientist occupational profiles.

Outside of Alberta, these post-secondary schools offer 2-year master's degree programs in archival studies:

McGill University offers a 2-year Master's Degree in Library and Information Studies with a concentration in Archival Studies.

For current information about these programs, prospective students should refer to the appropriate university calendar or website.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 01, 2021
  • Certification Not Regulated

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 01, 2021

In Alberta, archivists are employed by:

  • Provincial government archives
  • Municipal archives
  • University archives
  • Regional archives
  • Community archives
  • Religious archives
  • Private businesses
  • Museums

Archivists also may work in records management in organizations such as oil companies and government departments, or have responsibilities related to freedom of information and protection of privacy legislation.

Employment prospects are best for archivists who are willing to work on a contract basis.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 5113: Archivists occupational group, 77.8% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 5113: Archivists occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.8% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 0 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 01, 2021

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.


2016 NOC: 5113
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 5113 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $18.00 $38.67 $34.23 $35.96
Overall $22.29 $50.69 $39.96 $39.49
Top $25.00 $50.69 $41.65 $41.29

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Information, Culture, Recreation
Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Education and Library Studies
  • Humanities and Languages
  • Social Sciences, Law and Religious Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 01, 2021

Archives Society of Alberta website:

Association of Canadian Archivists website:

Canadian Council of Archives website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 01, 2021. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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