Geographers may be employed as environmental consultants, resource managers, geography specialists, or advisors. They may also work as urban or regional planners. They may work for:
- Government departments
- Private consulting firms doing work on retail siting, marketing, health care planning, or urban or rural planning
- Communities or international development agencies
- Organizations involved in heritage site planning
- Post-secondary schools
- Environmental research agencies
- Electronic mapping and graphic design companies
- Geographic information systems (GIS) groups
- Travel and tourism organizations
- Not-for-profit organizations
- Earth observation and geomatics companies
- Building and environmental inspection agencies
- Statistics and data management centres
Geographers may specialize in areas such as climatology, environmental studies, developing countries, resource management, transportation studies, land use planning, social service delivery planning, or medical geography. Often, geographers start as technicians. Experienced geographers may advance to supervisory or administrative positions.
Geographers are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 4169: Other Professional Occupations in Social Science. In Alberta, 79% of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:
The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:
- Trends and events affecting overall employment, especially in the industries listed above
- Location in Alberta
- Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
- Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
- Size of the occupation
Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.
In Alberta, the 4169: Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c. occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 0% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 0 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.