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Management Consultant

Management consultants are contracted by organizations to provide independent and objective advice. They help organizations achieve their objectives by solving problems, identifying new opportunities, enhancing learning, and implementing change.

Also Known As

Business Advisor, Business Consultant, Business Management Consultant, Certified Management Consultant, Conflict Resolution Specialist, Dispute Resolution Specialist, Finance Consultant, Human Resources Consultant, Information Technology Consultant, Litigation Consultant, Management Advisor, Organizational Change Consultant, Quality Management Consultant, Technology Consultant

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Management Consultants (1122.1) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Professional Occupations in Business Services to Management (B022) 
  • 2011 NOC: Professional occupations in business management consulting (1122) 
  • 2016 NOC: Professional occupations in business management consulting (1122) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Management Consultants
2006 NOC : 1122.1

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

INNOVATIVE

Interest in analyzing managerial methods and organization of public and private sector establishments; in conducting research to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of managerial policies and programs, in conducting quality audits, and in developing quality management and quality assurance standards for ISO (International Organization for Standardization) registration

DIRECTIVE

Interest in conducting assessments and proposing, planning and implementing improvements to methods, systems and procedures in areas such as operations, human resources, records management and communications; may supervise contracted researchers and clerical staff

SOCIAL

Interest in consulting with senior officials to provide advice on managerial methods and organization of public and private sector establishments

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated Mar 31, 2022

An organization hires management consultants when it needs:

  • Skills or experience that are not available in-house
  • External objective advice and independent facilitation skills
  • Help with work it cannot do itself
  • Help managing change or solving problems

In general, they:

  • Understand and set the objectives and scope of the organization’s problem with the client
  • Define the nature and extent of a project by gathering data and information. This may include interviews, observation, file reviews, and external research. This helps to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of current management policies and procedures. It also identifies gaps to address.
  • Analyze the data collected
  • Develop recommendations that enhance strategic direction and align operations, methods, systems, or procedures
  • Present their recommendations to the client organization
  • Help implement their recommendations, if needed

Sometimes, clients put out a Call for Proposals that includes their needs for a project. Management consultants then submit a Statement of Work (SOW). If the client hires them, they work within the parameters of the SOW.

Most management consultants have specific experience in 1 or more areas, such as:

  • Accounting
  • Communications
  • Education and training
  • Efficiency
  • Facilitation
  • Identification and analysis of management problems
  • Investment
  • Materials management
  • Solution development
  • Strategy implementation

This experience may translate into one of several specializations.

Finance consultants provide advice on matters such as financial feasibility, pricing securities, business valuation, and economic forecasting.

Human resources consultants provide advice about recruitment practices, compensation and benefits packages, pension funding, workforce diversification, and employee-development programs.

Marketing consultants work with companies seeking innovative ways to understand customers, pricing, and competitors. They analyze how feasible it would be to market new or existing products or services.

Operations consultants help organizations increase productivity by improving business processes.

Organizational change consultants work with clients going through basic changes in the way they operate, manage, and lead the organization.

Quality management consultants help organizations measure and improve the quality of their products and services.

Strategic consultants help organizations create strategic plans for the foreseeable future. This may include developing a change or growth strategy, restructuring, marketing internationally, buying or selling assets, or revitalizing leadership.

Technology consultants help organizations implement new technologies. For more information, see the Information Systems Consultant occupational profile.

Valuation consultants work with lawyers to develop case strategies and financial evidence, and to provide economic analyses.

Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Management consultants often work long and varied hours. They divide their time between their own offices and clients’ workplaces. They may spend a lot of time travelling, although online meetings have become more and more common.

When observing industrial operations, they must follow the same safety procedures as other visitors and workers.

Management consultants work under deadline stress. They face pressure from clients who expect quick, dramatic, unrealistic results. Within the organization, consultants may have to deal with hostile employees who fear losing their jobs.

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Management consultants need:

  • Intellectual and emotional maturity
  • Stability of behaviour and action
  • Independence and objectivity
  • Energy, confidence, and creativity
  • Tact
  • Good listening skills
  • Oral and written communication skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Project-management skills
  • The ability to learn quickly and easily
  • The ability to observe, gather, select, and evaluate facts
  • Inductive and deductive reasoning skills
  • The ability to synthesize and generalize
  • The ability to share knowledge, teach, and train people
  • The ability to work effectively as part of a team
  • Perceptiveness, to recognize an organization's dynamics and politics
  • Persuasiveness and the ability to motivate others
  • The integrity to do what is best for the client

They should enjoy:

  • Analyzing managerial methods
  • Conducting research
  • Taking charge of situations
  • Providing critical assessments and constructive advice. This could include presenting findings and recommendations to individuals or groups of decision-makers and fielding questions.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Professional occupations in business management consulting
NOC code: 1122

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 27 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Nov 09, 2021 and May 26, 2022.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Analyze and provide advice on the managerial methods and organization of an establishment
Propose improvements to methods, systems and procedures
Conduct research to determine efficiency and effectiveness of managerial policies and programs
Personal Suitability: Team player
Personal Suitability: Excellent oral communication
Personal Suitability: Excellent written communication
Personal Suitability: Organized
Conduct quality audits and develop quality management and quality assurance standards
Plan the re-organization of operations
Business Equipment and Computer Applications: MS Excel
Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary

Management consulting covers many professional and industrial fields. Consultants may have expertise in many areas. Bachelor’s degrees in several disciplines may provide a good background. For example:

  • Business
  • Business finance
  • Business economics
  • Information technology (IT)
  • Human resources
  • Engineering
  • Science

Some successful management consultants have years of experience in middle and upper management.


To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2022
  • Certification Provincially Regulated

Certain professional titles or duties within this occupation are protected by provincial legislation. Requirements vary if you use these titles or perform these duties.

The related legislation is shown below. If there are multiple related legislations, select a certification heading to learn about each one.

Management Consultant

Management consultants are contracted by organizations to provide independent and objective advice. They help organizations achieve their objectives by solving problems, identifying new opportunities, enhancing learning, and implementing change.

Legislation

Certified Management Consultant is a protected title under Alberta’s Professional and Occupational Associations Registration Act [pdf].

To call yourself a Certified Management Consultant (CMC), you must be a registered member of the Institute of Certified Management Consultants of Alberta (CMC-Alberta). You do not have to be registered if you do not call yourself a Certified Management Consultant or use the initials CMC after your name.

The CMC designation is recognized in nearly 50 countries around the world. All regulatory bodies affiliated with the International Council of Management Consulting Institutes recognize the CMC designation.

For information on what you need and other details, visit the certification profile Management Consultant.

Additional Information

Employers consider professional accreditation an asset. Depending on their area of expertise, management consultants may hold other professional certifications such as:

  • Certified Human Resources Professional (CHRP) for human resources consultants. For more information, see the Human Resources Professional occupational profile.
  • Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) for finance consultants. For more information, see the Accountant occupational profile.
  • Project Management Professional (PMP) for operations and other types of consultants. For more information, see the Project Management Professional occupational profile.
Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Although management consulting is highly competitive, the barrier to entry is low.

Consultants might work at established consulting firms or be self-employed. Those working at consulting firms may become team leaders and later, senior consultants. Only a few rise to senior partner in large firms.

After gaining experience as an employee in a consulting firm, many consultants set up their own firms. Self-employed consultants often start by subcontracting to more established consultants. Even if they were experienced and respected in their former position, this strategy can help them build their own client base.

Self-employed consultants need the appropriate registrations and licences to operate a business. They may need to consider financing for their business. They must market their services constantly to establish and maintain professional credibility.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 1122: Professional occupations in business management consulting occupational group, 78.4% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 1122: Professional occupations in business management consulting occupational group is expected to have an average annual growth of 1.9% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 308 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Management consultants charge fees on an hourly or flat-fee basis. To produce a flat fee, they must consider the project objectives, time, and expenses needed to create a professional work product.

Either way, the rate must account for more than the billable hours spent on the project directly. It must also allow a portion for business development, marketing, professional development, administration, vacations, and all other time needed to operate a business.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Professional occupations in business management consulting

2016 NOC : 1122
Average Wage
$47.85
Per Hour
Average Salary
$92,531.00
Per Year
Average Hours
37.3
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
12
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2019 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 1122 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $23.08 $62.50 $39.61 $38.46
Overall $27.64 $77.18 $47.85 $45.92
Top $31.20 $109.13 $56.44 $51.49

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Wholesale Trade
ALL INDUSTRIES
Public Administration
Manufacturing
Health Care & Social Assistance
Educational Services
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

35%
35%)

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

21%
21%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

3%
3%

Vacancy Rate

2%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Business, Management and Administrative Studies
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2022

Canadian Association of Management Consultants (CMC-Canada) website: www.cmc-canada.ca

Institute of Certified Management Consultants of Alberta (CMC-Alberta) website: www.cmc-canada.ca/alberta

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2022. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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