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Meteorologists study the physics, chemistry and dynamics of the atmosphere and its interaction with land and water surfaces, weather, climate and climate change. They study the effect of these factors on people’s health and safety, the economy and the earth’s ecosystems.

Also Known As

Climatologist, Instrumentation Specialist, Physical Scientist, Research Scientist, Weather Broadcaster / Forecaster

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used.

Here is how this occupation has been classified over time.

2006 NOC

  • 2114: Meteorologists

2006 NOC-S

  • C014: Meteorologists

2011 NOC

  • 2114: Meteorologists and climatologists

2016 NOC

  • 2114: Meteorologists and climatologists

2021 NOC

  • 21103: Meteorologists and climatologists

2023 OaSIS

  • 21103.00: Meteorologists and climatologists
Updated Mar 04, 2021

In general, meteorologists may:

  • Forecast and communicate the weather
  • Consult on the weather and climate, air quality, sea and lake ice, or hydrology (for more information, see the Hydrologist occupational profile)
  • Conduct research and develop models
  • Apply meteorological knowledge to problems in agriculture, forestry, air pollution, water management, energy, hydrometeorology (water in the atmosphere), transportation, national defense or the Arctic environment
  • Plan and carry out investigations, develop and test numerical models, and prepare reports
  • Support management activities through business planning, policy development and performance measurement

Meteorologists may work as applied meteorologists, climatologists, research meteorologists, instrumentation specialists or weather broadcasters.

  • Applied meteorologists produce and communicate analyses, forecasts, warnings and advice to the public and/or tailored to the requirements of a business, a governmental organization, or an industry (for example, transportation, energy, agriculture, forestry, recreation)
  • Climatologists study weather records gathered over long periods of time. They then conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions to understand and predict global changes and long-term or seasonal weather patterns for specific regions. This helps them to anticipate the impact of climate change and consider adaptation strategies
  • Research meteorologists study the dynamic, physical or chemical processes of the atmosphere and its interaction with land and ocean surfaces. They may study small-scale phenomena, such as clouds, or the electrical and chemical properties of the atmosphere. They may study large-scale phenomena, such as the transport of air pollutants or the movements of hurricanes. Or they may be involved in developing mathematical simulation models for weather and climate prediction
  • Instrumentation specialists develop instruments and systems to measure and record weather variables
  • Weather broadcasters provide weather forecasts and other weather information to the public via television, radio and the Internet
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 04, 2021
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Most meteorologists are stationed in urban centres and work in an office setting.

Applied meteorologists at weather centres often work rotating shifts that include nights. They sometimes work alone.

Weather broadcasters often work evening shifts and may work long hours during weather-related emergencies.

Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.


2006 NOC: 2114

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group

Interest in co-ordinating research on atmospheric phenomena, weather and climate; and in conducting research into the atmospheric dispersion and physical and chemical transformation of pollutants; may engage in the design and development of new equipment and procedures for meteorological data collection, remote sensing and related applications


Interest in precision working with equipment and instruments to analyze the impact of industrial projects and human activity on the climate and quality of the air


Interest in consulting to provide advice to outside agencies, professionals and researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information; in providing consulting services for industries such as aviation, marine, agriculture and tourism, and to the general public; and to work with the social science, engineering and economic communities to develop appropriate mitigation strategies for the impacts from industrial and human activity

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests


Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Traits & Skills
Updated Mar 04, 2021

Meteorologists need:

  • Communication skills in person and in writing
  • Decision-making skills, especially under the pressure of fixed deadlines and a varying workload
  • The ability to think conceptually in multiple dimensions
  • The ability to apply theoretical concepts and analyze large volumes of information
  • The ability to work alone or in a team

They should enjoy coordinating and conducting research, using instruments and equipment to perform tasks requiring precision, and working with people.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 04, 2021
  • Minimum Education 4 years post-secondary

The minimum educational requirement is a bachelor of science (B.Sc.) degree in atmospheric sciences, or a B.Sc. in a related discipline with 9 or more courses in atmospheric sciences. With increasing automation of routine weather forecast production work, it is definite asset for meteorologists to have master’s or doctoral degrees as well as marketing skills.

In general, the entrance requirement for a master’s degree program in meteorology or atmospheric sciences is a B.Sc. in math, physics, chemistry, meteorology or atmospheric science with a minimum specified average in the last 2 years of study.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Additional Information

Elsewhere in Canada, the following schools offer programs in meteorology or atmospheric science:

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 04, 2021
  • Certification Not Regulated

The Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) offers accreditation for consulting meteorologists who meet the qualifying criteria.

The Canadian Environmental Certification Approvals Board (CECAB) oversees the administration, evaluation and approval of ECO Canada’s Environmental Professional (EP) certification. For more information about becoming a certified environmental professional, visit the ECO Canada website.

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 04, 2021

The Meteorological Service of Canada, part of Environment and Climate Change Canada, has been and still is the largest employer of meteorologists in Canada. However, a growing number of meteorologists are employed in the private sector, providing value added and specialist meteorological products and services. For example, they may provide information related to road conditions, offshore oil and gas operations, forest fire services or wind and solar energy.

The number of meteorologists employed by the Government of Canada is expected to remain constant. Normal employee turnover will probably create 30 to 535 job openings each year. Meteorologists also are employed by:

  • Private meteorology firms
  • Environmental consulting firms
  • Companies in the transportation and energy sectors

There are a few broadcast meteorologists in Alberta. For related information, see the Announcer and Reporter occupational profiles.

Meteorologists who have doctoral degrees may be employed as instructors and researchers at universities.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 2114: Meteorologists and climatologists occupational group, 81.8% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 2114: Meteorologists and climatologists occupational group is expected to have a below-average annual growth of 2.1% from 2021 to 2025. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 2 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: 2021-2025 Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 04, 2021

Incomes vary depending on meteorologists’ responsibilities and where they are employed.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Meteorologists and climatologists

2016 NOC: 2114
Average Wage
Per Hour
Average Salary
Per Year
Average Hours
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 2114 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $17.69 $51.28 $39.69 $40.60
Overall $25.48 $62.95 $48.49 $46.60
Top $25.48 $64.57 $52.37 $52.62

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Public Administration

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
Vacancy Rate
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Sciences
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 04, 2021

Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) website:

ECO Canada website:

Environment and Climate Change Canada, weather and meteorology website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 04, 2021. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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