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Cartoonist

Cartoonists are artists who create cartoon-style illustrations for a variety of media.

Also Known As

Artist, Caricaturist, Comic Strip Artist, Editorial Cartoonist, Storyboard Artist

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Graphic Designers (5241.1) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Graphic Designers and Illustrators (F141) 
  • 2011 NOC: Graphic designers and illustrators (5241) 
  • 2016 NOC: Graphic designers and illustrators (5241) 
Interests & Abilities

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2006 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Graphic Designers

2006 NOC: 5241.1

Interest Codes

Interest Codes for This NOC Group
INNOVATIVE

Interest in synthesizing information to prepare sketches, layouts and graphic elements of the subjects to be rendered using traditional tools, multimedia software and image processing, layout and design software; and in determining the medium best suited to produce desired visual effects and most appropriate vehicle for communication

METHODICAL

Interest in precision working to co-ordinate all aspects of production for print, audio-visual and electronic materials such as Web sites, CD-ROMs and interactive terminals; and in estimating costs of materials and time to complete designs

SOCIAL

Interest in consulting with clients to establish the overall look, graphic elements and content of communication materials in order to meet their needs; in supervising other graphic designers or graphic arts technicians, in co-ordinating the work of sub-contractors, and in working in a multidisciplinary environment

Your Interest Codes

To identify or change your interest codes, complete the Interests Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 

It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective, and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes for this NOC group is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn About Interests

Abilities

Typical ability expectations for this NOC group
Your abilities

To fill in or change the values for your abilities, complete the Abilities Exercise in CAREERinsite.

Mental Abilities

General Learning Ability

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

Visual Abilities

Spatial Perception

Form Perception

Clerical Perception

Physical Abilities

Motor Coordination

Finger Dexterity

Manual Dexterity

Understanding Abilities

A Quick Guide

You are born with abilities that help you process certain types of information and turn it into action. These abilities influence which skills you can learn more easily.

The abilities or aptitudes shown for this NOC group come from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB). The GATB measures 9 aptitudes. It groups them into 3 categories: mental, visual, and physical.

The abilities scores range from 1 to 5, with 5 being stronger.

Learn About Abilities

Duties
Updated May 17, 2021

Cartoonists are probably best known for creating comic strips, comic books and children's animated television shows. However, cartoons appear in and on all types of media including:

  • Film
  • Television
  • Websites
  • Newspapers
  • Books
  • Magazines
  • Advertisements
  • Promotional materials
  • Greeting cards
  • Packaging
  • Clothes

Cartoons may tell a story, provide social commentary or reflect public opinion.

In general, cartoonists:

  • Get their inspiration from many places and keep a sketch-book or diary of ideas for future use
  • Make pencil sketches of their ideas or use computer software to draw cartoons
  • Develop a recognizable artistic style or iconic central character to focus their stories or ideas around
  • Create stories by following a reliable production process that includes developing storyboards, concept characters and environments
  • Collaborate with media art directors or publishers to develop their ideas into publication-ready form
  • Shade and fill in their outlines using a variety of media, such as inks, water-colours, markers, transparent washes and computer programs

Many cartoonists specialize in a particular type of cartoon:

  • Comic strip artists draw a series of pictures that tell a short story. Characters in the strips may or may not speak. Often the original drawings are quite large and are reduced for publication. Increasingly, popular comic strips are appearing as television specials and cartoon shows and on commercial products such as T-shirts and toys.
  • Editorial cartoonists create single cartoons for newspapers or magazines. These cartoons are caricatures or comic representations of well-known people or events. Often, they are political satires commenting on or expressing an opinion of the issues of the day.
  • Storyboard artists at advertising agencies or art studios contribute to the creation of final animated commercials, computer games and animated films. They often prepare the initial concept drawings and keyframe poses that other artists reference and make into finished ads, games or films. For more information, see the Animator and Illustrator occupational profiles.
Working Conditions
Updated May 17, 2021
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg

Cartoonists work most often in well-lit offices or studios. Self-employed cartoonists often work from home. They work at drawing boards or computers and may sit for long periods of time. They must deal with the constant pressure of deadlines and continually coming up with fresh ideas.

Traits & Skills
Updated May 17, 2021

Cartoonists need:

  • Creativity, imagination and artistic talent
  • A well-developed sense of situational humour or irony
  • Self-motivation
  • A curiosity about current events, politics, sports or life in general
  • The ability to draw anatomy, gestures, mannerisms and facial expressions, often in exaggerated ways
  • The ability to take criticism well
  • Time-management and project-management skills
  • The ability to meet deadlines

Editorial cartoonists also need a satirical sense of humour and to be keen, analytical observers of news events.

All cartoonists should enjoy:

  • Synthesizing information
  • Finding innovative approaches
  • Consulting with clients
  • Being methodical
  • Doing tasks requiring precision, such as preparing specifications and estimating costs

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Top 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For

Graphic designers and illustrators

2011 NOC: 5241

This chart shows which job skills are currently in highest demand for this occupational group. It was created using this occupation's 100 most recent Alberta job postings, collected between Feb 01, 2022 and Oct 03, 2022.

Review these skills to learn:

  • Whether or not this occupation matches your skill set
  • What training you may need to get these skills
  • What skills to highlight in your resumé, cover letter, and interview.
Tasks: Prepare sketches, layouts and graphic elements
Develop the graphic elements that meet the clients' objectives
Prepare sketches, layouts and graphic elements
Tasks: Consult with clients to establish the overall look, graphic elements and content of communications materials
Personal Suitability: Team player
Attention to detail
Consult with clients to establish the overall look, graphic elements and content of communications materials
Personal Suitability: Client focus
Educational Requirements
Updated May 17, 2021
  • Minimum Education Varies

Many successful cartoonists are self-taught. However, formal art training and computer skills are helpful. A strong writing background is also an asset, particularly for strip cartoons. Editorial cartoonists need some knowledge of political history.

To be able to suggest cartoon ideas for advertising that will help promote a client's product or service, cartoonists must keep up to date with publicity and marketing trends.

Post-secondary schools throughout the province offer fine art and visual communications programs that can provide a good foundation for cartooning.

After completing basic art training, many cartoonists start by apprenticing with a well-known cartoonist at an advertising agency, design studio or newspaper. Practice is essential to develop a portfolio of work to show potential employers. Cartoonists are advised to ask for constructive criticism from people in the business.

Developing an individual style that is recognizable helps to build a cartoonist's reputation.


Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

To expand or narrow your search for programs related to this occupation, visit Post-Secondary Programs.

Completing a program does not guarantee entrance into an occupation. Before enrolling in an education program, prospective students should look into various sources for education options and employment possibilities. For example, contact associations and employers in this field.

Certification Requirements
Updated May 17, 2021
  • Certification Not Regulated

There is currently no provincial legislation regulating this occupation in Alberta.

Employment & Advancement
Updated May 17, 2021

Most cartoonists work on a freelance basis. They may work for:

  • Advertising agencies
  • Newspapers
  • Magazines
  • Book publishing companies
  • Video and film production studios
  • Video game developers
  • Greeting card companies
  • Graphic design studios
  • Government communications or public relations departments

Some editorial cartoonists are employed full-time by major newspapers and magazines. Often their work is transmitted electronically to several newspapers at one time.

Cartooning is a very competitive field that is difficult to enter. Freelance cartoonists must spend a lot of time marketing their drawings and ideas to potential employers. They often need to develop a working relationship with 10 or more clients who provide regular work in order to make a modest income. Some cartoonists also work as illustrators or graphic designers. For more information, see the Illustrator and Graphic Designer profiles.

Industry Concentration

This section shows the industries where the majority of people in this occupation work. The data is based on the 2016 Census.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups.

In the 5241: Graphic designers and illustrators occupational group, 79.6% of people work in:

Employment Outlook

Employment outlook is influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Time of year (for seasonal jobs)
  • Location in Alberta
  • Employment turnover (when people leave existing positions)
  • Occupational growth (when new positions are created)
  • Size of the occupation
  • Trends and events that affect overall employment, especially in the industry or industries from the previous list

In Alberta, the 5241: Graphic designers and illustrators occupational group is expected to have an average annual growth of 1.9% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 116 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Note
NOC groups often include several related occupations. Although there is labour market data for the larger NOC group, this occupation makes up only a part of that group. It means data for this occupation may be different than the data shown. For example, only some of the new positions to be created will be for this occupation. It also applies to other data for the NOC group such as number of people employed.

Source: Alberta Regional Occupational Demand Outlook

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Related Alberta Job Postings
Wage & Salary
Updated May 17, 2021

Cartoonists may earn very little money. But if they become well known, they may earn a great deal. A few very successful cartoonists syndicate their work.

In Alberta, this occupation is part of 1 or more 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC) groups. If there are multiple related NOC groups, select a NOC heading to learn about each one.

Graphic designers and illustrators

2016 NOC: 5241
Average Wage
$29.09
Per Hour
Average Salary
$53,832.00
Per Year
Average Hours
36.5
Per Week
Average Months on Payroll
11.9
Survey Methodology Survey Analysis

Source
2021 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey

NOC 5241 Wage Profile

Unless otherwise noted, the data shown here is for all industries and all regions in Alberta.

All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production), and other forms of compensation.

To see the full survey data for this NOC group, visit the wage profile.

Other wage sources
To make an informed wage and salary decision, research other wage sources [pdf] to supplement this data.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top

Hourly Wage

For full-time and part-time employees
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $15.00 $50.00 $25.08 $20.19
Overall $16.00 $53.48 $29.09 $25.00
Top $16.00 $56.01 $33.13 $29.40

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

Pay brackets for hourly wages

  • Starting pay: average pay offered for entry-level positions
  • Overall pay: average pay across all employees in this occupation
  • Top pay: average pay offered to top-paid employees

Industry Information

Public Administration
Other Services (Repair, Personal Services and Related)
Educational Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
ALL INDUSTRIES
Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, Leasing
Wholesale Trade
Manufacturing
Information, Culture, Recreation

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years
23%
23%)
Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties
30%
30%
Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months
7%
7%
Vacancy Rate
4%
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Communications
  • Fine Arts and Performing Arts
Other Sources of Information
Updated May 17, 2021

Association of Canadian Cartoonists website: acc.format.com

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2021. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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