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Speech-Language Pathologist

Speech-language pathologists prevent, assess, diagnose, and provide counselling and rehabilitation for speech, language, voice, fluency, and swallowing disorders.

  • Avg. Salary $82,941.00
  • Avg. Wage $52.37
  • Minimum Education 6 years post-secondary
  • Outlook above avg
  • Employed < 1500
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Communication Consultant, Language Therapist, Rehabilitation Services Practitioner, Speech Pathologist, Speech Therapist

NOC Codes

In Canada, the federal government groups and organizes occupations based on a National Occupational Classification (NOC) system. This alis occupation may not reflect the entire NOC group it is part of. Data for the NOC group can apply across multiple occupations.

The NOC system is updated every 5 years to reflect changes in the labour market. Government forms and labour market data may group and refer to an occupation differently, depending on the system used. Here is how this occupation has been classified over time:

  • 2006 NOC: Speech-Language Pathologists (3141.2) 
  • 2006 NOC-S: Audiologists and SpeechLanguage Pathologists (D041) 
  • 2011 NOC: Audiologists and speech-language pathologists (3141) 
  • 2016 NOC: Audiologists and speech-language pathologists (3141) 
Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

Average Wage
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Interest Codes
The Speech-Language Pathologist is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Speech-Language Pathologists

Interest in administering tests and examinations and observing patients to diagnose and evaluate speech, voice, resonance, language, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders


Interest in co-ordinating research programs; in conducting research on speech and other communication disorders and on the development and design of diagnostic procedures and devices; and in establishing group and personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team


Interest in instructing patients by planning and implementing remedial programs to correct speech, language and voice disorders

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Updated Mar 31, 2018

Speech-language pathologists work with people of all ages. They help clients restore or improve their ability to speak or swallow.

In general, speech-language pathologists:

  • assess, identify and diagnose language, speech, voice, resonance, fluency and swallowing disorders
  • develop and carry out treatment plans
  • find the right diagnostic instrument and treatment for each client
  • design and use augmentative and alternative communication strategies and devices
  • work with multidisciplinary teams to assess and treat clients
  • consult with and advise others (including caregivers, educators, and health care providers) on speech and language development, communication, and difficulties
  • provide intervention treatment services
  • counsel clients and families on speech and swallowing disorders
  • work with clients on oral rest posture and tongue-thrust swallow problems
  • take part in research and public education
  • develop and monitor service delivery and public education
  • educate and supervise students, professionals and support staff
  • keep and manage client records.

Speech-language pathologists may intervene in developmental or medical conditions. This can include one-to-one therapy, group therapy, or consulting with parents and others. Goals vary depending on the situation and family needs. For instance, one client might need to learn to speak clearly enough to be understood. Another might need to relearn how to swallow after a stroke.

Speech-language pathologists may specialize in a specific disorder (such as stuttering) or age group (such as preschool children). They often work in teams. These can include:

  • audiologists
  • physicians and nurses
  • psychologists and social workers
  • teachers and educational assistants
  • occupational therapists, physiotherapists, and recreational therapists
  • speech-language assistants.
Working Conditions
Updated Mar 31, 2018

Speech-language pathologists generally work standard weekday office hours. Some may work weekends or evenings. They may have to travel (such as to community health centres, day care centres, hospitals, nursing homes, rehab centres, schools, or clients’ homes).

  • Strength Required Lift up to 5 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Mar 31, 2018

Speech-language pathologists need to possess:

  • empathy
  • speaking and listening skills
  • people skills
  • the ability to find creative solutions to problems
  • the ability to work well on a team.

They should enjoy working with people and their families. They should also enjoy exploring problems in depth.

Educational Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2018

To practice, speech-language pathologists need a master of science (M.Sc.) in speech language pathology. Universities and colleges throughout Alberta offer 4-year bachelor's degree programs that provide suitable preparation for this program.

Required Education

The following schools offer programs and courses that meet this occupation’s educational requirements. Other eligible programs and courses may be available.

Related Education

The following schools offer programs or courses that are related to this occupation but are not required to enter the field.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Other universities in Canada and the United States also offer masters’ programs in speech-language pathology.

Certification Requirements
Updated Mar 31, 2018

Speech-Language Pathologist

Speech-language pathologists assess, diagnose, rehabilitate and prevent communication and oral motor and pharyngeal dysfunctions and disorders, and teach, manage and conduct research in the science and practice of speech language pathology.


Under Alberta's Health Professions Act and Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists Profession Regulation, registration with the Alberta College of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (ACSLPA) is mandatory if you meet identified competency requirements and provide professional services directly to the public, teach the practice of speech-language pathology to others or supervise speech-language pathologists who provide professional services to the public. Only registered members of ACSLPA may use the protected titles and designations of speech-language pathologist, speech therapist, speech pathologist, SLP and R.SLP in Alberta.

What You Need

Registration requires (1) a master's degree from an approved speech-language pathology program and (2) recent education or current qualifications in the profession. Successful completion of an approved examination may be required. For official, detailed information about registration requirements, visit the ACSLPA website or contact ACSLPA.

Working in Alberta

Speech-language pathologists who are registered by and in good standing with a regulatory organization elsewhere in Canada may be eligible for registration in Alberta if registered speech-language pathologists in the two jurisdictions have similar responsibilities and competencies. For more information, see "What if I am already certified in another province or territory?" and the Alberta regulatory authority (below).

To learn about certification for internationally educated speech-language pathologists, see Speech-Language Pathologist Registration Process.

Contact Details

Alberta College of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists
209, 3132 Parsons Road
Edmonton, Alberta
Canada  T6N 1L6
Phone number: 780-944-1609
Toll-free phone number (within Alberta): 1-800-537-0589
Fax number: 780-408-3925

Employment & Advancement
Updated Mar 31, 2018

Most speech-language pathologists work at:

  • hospitals or health centres
  • school boards
  • private practices.

Some work as researchers at hospitals, universities or government agencies (candidates most often need a doctorate). Others manage speech and hearing programs.

Speech-language pathologists are part of the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 3141: Audiologists and speech-language pathologists. In Alberta, 78% of people employed in this classification work in the Health Care and Social Assistance [pdf] industry.

The employment outlook [pdf] in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events that affect overall employment (especially in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities that come up when people leave existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities that come up when new positions are created)
  • size of the occupation.

In Alberta, the 3141: Audiologists and speech-language pathologists occupational group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 2.4% from 2019 to 2023. In addition to job openings created by employment turnover, 39 new positions are forecasted to be created within this occupational group each year.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Mar 31, 2018

For information about current collective agreements in the public and not-for-profit sectors, see the Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website.

Audiologists and speech-language pathologists

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $31.26 $53.50 $42.23 $41.58
Overall $45.26 $64.15 $52.37 $52.29
Top $55.25 $76.09 $60.15 $59.66

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

A: High Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

High Reliability, represents a CV of less than or equal to 6.00% and 30 survey observations and/or represents 50% or more of all estimated employment for the occupation.

Industry Information
Health Care & Social Assistance
Educational Services

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years


Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties


Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months


Vacancy Rate

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Health Care and Medical Sciences
Other Sources of Information
Updated Mar 31, 2018

Alberta College of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (ACSLPA) website:

Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website:

Speech-Language and Audiology Canada website:

Get information and referrals about career, education, and employment options from Alberta Supports.

Updated Mar 31, 2018. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook, and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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