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Occupational Profile

Emergency Medical Personnel

Emergency medical personnel provide pre-hospital emergency medical care to the sick and injured.

  • Avg. Salary $48,233.00
  • Avg. Wage $27.84
  • Minimum Education Varies
  • Outlook Up
  • Employed 3,600
  • In Demand Medium
Also Known As

Ambulance Attendant, Health Care Technologist, Medical Technologist, Paramedic, Paramedic Practitioner

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

86%
86%
Average Wage
Starting
Overall
Top
  • Certification Provincially Regulated
  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
NOC & Interest Codes
The Emergency Medical Personnel is part of the following larger National Occupational Classification (NOC).
Ambulance Attendants and Other Paramedical Occupations
NOC code: 3234
INNOVATIVE

Interest in compiling information to assess trauma victims, patients with respiratory diseases and stress, overdose and poisoning victims, industrial accident victims and other ill and injured individuals to determine emergency medical treatment

METHODICAL

Interest in assisting patients by administering pre-hospital emergency care such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), oxygen, bandaging and splinting, and in assisting hospital personnel with medical treatments if necessary; may assist with triage of emergency patients

OBJECTIVE

Interest in operating equipment in order to establish and maintain intravenous treatment (IV), apply adjunctive equipment for ventilation and circulatory complications, administer medications and provide other advanced emergency treatment to patients; and in maintaining ambulances and emergency care equipment and supplies

Reading Interest Codes
A Quick Guide

The interest code helps you figure out if you’d like to work in a particular occupation. 
It’s based on the Canadian Work Preference Inventory (CWPI), which measures 5 occupational interests: Directive, Innovative, Methodical, Objective and Social.

Each set of 3 interest codes is listed in order of importance.

A code in capital letters means it’s a strong fit for the occupation.

A code in all lowercase letters means the fit is weaker.

Learn More

Duties
Updated Dec 15, 2016

In Alberta, there are three tiers of emergency medical personnel:

  • Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
  • Emergency Medical Technician - Ambulance (EMT)
  • Emergency Medical Technologist - Paramedic (EMT-P).

Personnel in all three tiers:

  • assess the extent of injuries or illness to determine medical treatment
  • comfort and reassure patients
  • obtain the patient's medical history, if possible
  • perform and interpret diagnostic procedures such as taking vital signs and testing glucose levels
  • administer pre-hospital emergency care including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), oxygen, bandaging, splinting, and assisting in childbirth and the treatment of trauma patients
  • use a semi-automatic or automatic external defibrillator or bag valve mask resuscitator
  • use basic airway management techniques
  • use spinal immobilization devices and traction splints
  • transport patients to hospital or other medical facilities for further care
  • document and record the nature of injuries and treatment provided
  • assist hospital personnel as required
  • maintain ambulances, equipment and supplies
  • supervise and train staff members and students.

In addition, EMTs may:

  • initiate and maintain intravenous infusions
  • perform cardiac monitoring
  • perform airway management using non-visualized airways
  • administer specified medications
  • assist paramedics (where there are combined services).

EMT-Ps may perform the duties of EMTs and administer advanced pre-hospital emergency care:

  • maintain airways with intubation and surgical airways
  • provide manual cardiac defibrillation and external pacing 
  • initiate, monitor and maintain blood and blood product transfusions
  • provide advanced wound management
  • provide conscious sedation
  • diagnose and interpret arterial blood gases
  • operate sophisticated equipment in advanced life-support ambulances, medevac aircraft or other advanced life-support environments
  • administer medications for the treatment of medical conditions and management of acute pain
  • initiate and maintain intraosseous infusions
  • urinary catheterization
  • monitor chest tubes.
Working Conditions
Updated Dec 15, 2016

This work is physically demanding. Emergency medical personnel are required to lift loads weighing well over 20 kilograms (for example, patients on stretchers). They must observe safety precautions to avoid injury when working with equipment and exposure to potentially hazardous biological agents.

Emergency medical personnel work both indoors and outdoors, often in stressful circumstances, and may work in extreme weather conditions. They may work full time, part time or as volunteers. Those employed full time or part time work shifts that include evenings, weekends and holidays. They may work 8, 10, 12,14 or 24 hour shifts.

  • Strength Required Lift up to 20 kg
Skills & Abilities
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Emergency medical personnel need the following characteristics:

  • excellent oral and written communication skills
  • strong leadership abilities
  • sound decision making and critical thinking skills
  • a strong desire to help those in need
  • the ability to remain firm, reassuring and efficient in moments of crisis
  • the ability to work independently and as part of a team.

Paramedics also need manual dexterity to administer advanced pre-hospital emergency care.

All emergency medical personnel should enjoy compiling information to assess injuries and illness, having clear rules and organized methods for administering pre-hospital care, and operating medical equipment.

Educational Requirements
Updated Dec 15, 2016

EMR training programs are designed for people who want to enter the pre-hospital care industry or who already provide emergency services (for example, fire fighters and police officers). 

EMR, EMT and EMT-P training programs are offered by public colleges, private schools and other organizations. A current list of approved programs is posted on the Alberta College of Paramedics website. In general, applicants must be at least 18 years of age and have obtained a Standard First Aid certificate and CPR certification at the Basic Rescuer Level (C) within the previous year.

In addition, applicants for EMT training must:

  • be registered EMRs
  • have a high school transcript
  • have a valid Class 4 drivers licence.

Applicants for EMT-P training must:

  • be registered EMTs
  • have a high school diploma.

For a broad list of programs and courses that may be related to this occupation try searching using keywords.

Certification Requirements
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Emergency Medical Personnel

Emergency medical personnel provide pre-hospital emergency medical care for the sick and injured.

Legislation

Under Alberta's Health Disciplines Act and Emergency Medical Technicians Regulation, only registered members of the Alberta College of Paramedics (ACP) may call themselves an emergency medical responder, emergency medical technician or emergency medical technologist - paramedic. Registered members provide health services listed in the Regulation.

Education

Registration requires successful completion of: (1) an approved program of studies and (2) an approved examination. For official, detailed information about registration requirements, visit the ACP website or contact the ACP.

Working in Alberta

Emergency medical personnel who are registered and in good standing with a regulatory organization elsewhere in Canada may be eligible for registration in Alberta if registered practitioners in the two jurisdictions have similar responsibilities and competencies. For more information, see "What if I am already certified in another province or territory?" and the Alberta regulatory authority (below).

To find more information on the certification process for internationally educated emergency medical personnel, see Emergency Medical Personnel Registration Process on the AlbertaCanada.com website.

Contact Details

Alberta College of Paramedics
#220, 2755 Broadmoor Boulevard 
Sherwood Park, Alberta
Canada  T8H 2W7
Phone number: 780-449-3114
Toll-free phone number: 1-877-351-2267
Fax number: 780-417-6911
Website: www.collegeofparamedics.org

Employment & Advancement
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Above-average occupational growth is expected in Alberta for 2016 to 2020. Job openings are a result of employment turnover and newly created positions.

EMRs work for provincial, private and industrial ambulance services. Some firefighters are qualified EMRs (for more information, see the Firefighter occupational profile). Advancement to the second and third tiers of Alberta's system of emergency medical services requires additional training.

EMTs work for ambulance services and related industrial and emergency services.

EMT-Ps are employed in emergency service departments, ambulance services and other health care related environments. Industries such as the oil and gas industry may employ EMT-Ps to provide emergency medical aid on large job sites. With additional education, EMT-Ps may move into related health care occupations.

All three tiers of emergency medical personnel are included in the larger 2011 National Occupational Classification 3234: Ambulance attendants and other paramedical occupations. In Alberta, 78% of people employed in this classification work in the Health Care and Social Assistance (PDF) industry.

The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

  • trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry)
  • location in Alberta
  • employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
  • occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
  • size of the occupation.

Over 3,900 Albertans are employed in the Ambulance attendants and other paramedical occupations occupational group. This group is expected to have an above-average annual growth of 3.4% from 2016 to 2020. As a result, 133 new positions are forecast to be created each year, in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. Note: As emergency medical personnel form only a part of this larger occupational group, only some of these newly created positions will be for emergency medical personnel.

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next few years.

Wage & Salary
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Salaries for emergency medical personnel vary greatly depending on location (for example, rural or urban setting) and type of employer (for example, private company, regional health authority, fire department).

For information about current collective agreements in the public and not-for-profit sectors, see the Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website.

Paramedical occupations
NOC code: 3234

Survey Methodology

Survey Analysis

Overall Wage Details
Average Wage
Average Salary
Hours Per Week

Hourly Wage
For full-time and part-time employees
  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Median
Starting
Overall
Top
Wages* Low (5th percentile) High (95th percentile) Average Median
Starting $16.00 $34.00 $24.55 $26.38
Overall $17.00 $46.25 $27.84 $28.13
Top $18.00 $50.00 $33.54 $33.31

Swipe left and right to view all data. Scroll left and right to view all data.

* All wage estimates are hourly except where otherwise indicated. Wages and salaries do not include overtime hours, tips, benefits, profit shares, bonuses (unrelated to production) and other forms of compensation.

B: Good Reliability
Data Reliability Code Definition

Good Reliability, represents a CV of between 6.01% and 15.00% and/or fewer than 30 survey observations and/or if survey observations represent less than 50% of all estimated employment for the occupation.


Industry Information
Health Care & Social Assistance
ALBERTA, ALL INDUSTRIES

Skills Shortage

Employers that Recruited in the Last 2 Years

86%
86%

Recruiting Employers that Experienced Hiring Difficulties

37%
37%

Employers with Unfilled Vacancies of over 4 Months

19%
19%

2015 Vacancy Rate

3%
Related High School Subjects
  • English Language Arts
  • Science
    • Biology
    • Chemistry
  • Health, Recreation and Human Services
    • Health Care Services
    • Human and Social Services
Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
  • Health Care and Medical Sciences
Other Sources of Information
Updated Dec 15, 2016

Alberta College of Paramedics (ACP) website: www.collegeofparamedics.org

Health Sciences Association of Alberta (HSAA) website: www.hsaa.ca

For more information on career planning, education and jobs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free at 1-800-661-3753 or 780-422-4266 in Edmonton, or visit an Alberta Works Centre near you.

Updated Mar 27, 2014. The information contained in this profile is current as of the dates shown. Salary, employment outlook and educational program information may change without notice. It is advised that you confirm this information before making any career decisions.

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